Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Comprehensive approach to the assessment of the functional status of patients with degenerative joint diseases of the lower extremities

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 510-514
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Romakina N.A., Korshunova G.A., Kireev S.I., Sertakova A.V., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology Orthopedics and Neurosurgery of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky

Aim: development of an integrated biomechanical index that reflects the state of kinematic and static function in patients who need replacement of large joints as well as evaluation of the myoneural complex of lower extremities activity of category of patients. Material and Methods. 103 patients with osteoarthrosis of the hip and knee joints. A biomechanical survey included podography, stabilometry and dynamometry. An electrophysiological study of the peripheral nerves of the lower extremities with the determination of the amplitude of the muscle response and late neuronal responses was carried out. The level of activity of the gluteal muscles was determined. Results. The most sensitive indicators reflecting the state of biomechanical status were identified, specialized software for the integral biomechanical index calculation was developed. Conclusion. Methods of clinical biomechanics allow specialists to assess the state of kinematic and static function of the musculoskeletal system, matching of the integral biomechanical index with the data of neurophysiological monitoring makes possible to select individual tactics of treatment.

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