Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

2010, volume 6

The immunohistochemical peculiarities of blood vessels during different forms of cancer of mammary glands

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №4 Pages: 752-754
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Khidirov E.A.
Organization: Azerbaijan Medical University
Summary:

The aim of this investigation was to study the peculiarities of the cancer of the mammary gland depending on its histogenesis, histological form, character of growth, degree of malignancy and stages of development on the postop-erational material. As a research material 72 cases of the cancer of the mammary gland have served. The level of the expression of marker CD 31 depending on the degree, zone and form of the cancer of the mammary gland was studied by immunohystochemical method.
The results of the research have shown that the peripheric zone of the cancer intensively supplied by the vessels of type of capillaries, in comparison with the central zone there is not many gigantic capillaries of type of sinusoids surrounded with tumoral cells, but is a lot of cells marked an angiogenesis marker - CD 31. Number of marker CD 31 in the cancer tissue changes depending on degree of differentiation of the tumoral tissue, it increases according to degree of malignancy of cancer. For example, monoclon CD 31 in the tumoral cells more intensively in medullary forms of the cancer than in tubular forms

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Ethnic particularities of variability of cephalometric indices and maxilla and mandible dental arches width in young men of east Siberia

Summary:

This paper contains the data about cephalometric indices and mean observations of maxilla and mandible dental arches width in younq men from Krasnoyarsk, Khakassia and Tuva. Ethnic particularities were determined subject to head and face types. The quantity of young men from Tuva and Khakassia who turned to be brachycephals subject to the type of their head was probably significant larger (57.50 4.00 and 67.10 3.32% respectively) than the quantity of brachycephals from Krasnoyarsk. Meanwhile probably significant more young men from Krasnoyarsk (64,28 3,80%) turned to be dolichocephales subject to the type of their head as compared wim young men from Tuva and Khakassia.
As for face types, the quantity of young men from Tuva and Khakassia with leptene faces was probably significant larger (70.00 3.70 and 62.03 4.00% respectively), while probably significant more young men from Krasnoyarsk (90.00 2.40%) had eurene faces

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Contribution of Physico-medical society to development of medical education and health care in Saratov region (to the 150th anniversary)

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 730-737
Heading: Scientific schools Article type:
Authors: Popkov V.M., Zavyalov A.I., Lutsevich I.N., Myasnikova I.V., Raikova S.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents data of history of organization, scientific and practical function of the Physico-medical society and its contribution to the development of medical education and health care in the Saratov region in the second half of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries

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Endoscopic recanalization of colon at tumour impassability

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 727-729
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Shapkin Yu.G., Uryadov S.E., Chalyk Yu.V., Potakhin S.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Clinical Hospital N 8
Summary:

In article value of a full or partial endoscopic recanalization of colon stenosing tumours in preoperative decompression and performance of delayed operative measure with applying a primary colic anastomosis is established

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Analysis of structure of late posthospitalized chronic recurrent purulent wound complications after operations on organs of abdomen and retroperitoneum

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 722-727
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Khromova V.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Materials for this research were the results of complex examination and surgical treatment of 395 patients with chronic recurrent posthospitalized purulent wound complications re-admitted to the department of purulent surgery of City Clinical Hospital №2 n.a. VI. Razumovsky over five-year period; for the period from 2 months to 38 years after the primary undergone surgery on organs of abdominal and retroperitoneal space. On the basis of clinical data, surgical and biopsy material and operating discoveries the frequency and nature of postoperative complications of wound process during the remote posthospitalized period were studied. Structure of recurrent inflammatory purulent processes represented 4 groups of complications: I - «ligature» complications - 107 (27,1%); II - nonligature genesis complications- 199 (50,4%); III -complications that are not related to the transferred operations-25 (6,3%); IV-complications due to a combination of reasons - 64 (16,2%). Clinical pathological processes in each group of complications were determined in the form of abscesses, fistulas, infiltrates in the projection of postoperative scar and classified in the case history as «ligature». By etiology, pathogenesis and morphology they presented a variety of nosological forms. Each clinical and morphological form had its own nuances of the clinical course, treatment and prognosis, which were not occurred during routine diagnostic methods. They occurred to be visible during retrospective analysis and had practical significance in the correct choice of surgical treatment

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Endoscopic hemostasis at colic bleedings

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 719-722
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Uryadov S.E., Shapkin Yu.G., Kapralov S.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Clinical Hospital N 8
Summary:

The article specifies possibilities of colonoscopy in diagnostics of reasons and intensity of colonic bleedings; complex evaluation of endoscopic methods efficacy of hemostasis is given at continued colonic bleedings; value of these methods in preventive maintenance of bleeding relapses is established

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Splenic trauma: specificity of immune status in remote post-operative period

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 716-719
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Masliakov V.V., Kirichuk V.F., Chumanov A.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Military Medical Institute
Summary:

The article provides a comparative analysis of the immune status in remote post-operative period in patients subjected either to splenectomy or autolientransplantation or to organ-saving operation on spleen

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The differential approach to estimation of renal damage in the patients with nephrolithiasis by means of noninva-sive markers

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 708-715
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: Rossolovsky A.N., Glybochko P.M., Popkov V.M., Polozov A.B., Ponukalin A.N., Zakharova N.B., Berezinetz O.L., Blumberg B.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov State Cardiosurgical Centre, First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov
Summary:

The aim of this study was the estimation of clinical importance markers of renal damage at surgical treatment of nephrolithiasis. We studied results of operations in 110 patients with nephrolithiasis. The study presents new candidates for biochemical markers of acute kidney injury and renal interstitial fibrosis, with potentially high sensitivity and specificity. In this study were measured the concentrations of these biomarkers in urine. We suggested, that increased concentrations molecular mediators of renal damage (L2, IL-18) and interstitial fibrosis (MCP-1, TGFp, IGF1) in the patients with nephrophibrosis and strongetubulointerstitial injury, saved long-time period after operation, has been shown of progression chronic kidney disease

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Actual aspects of chronic cystitis pharmacotherapy in women in exacerbation period

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 705-708
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kurnosova N.V., Kuzmenko A.V., Kuzmenko V.V.
Organization: Voronezh State Medical University n.a. N.N. Burdenko
Summary:

60 women were examined with the diagnosis of chronic cystitis in exacerbation period. Cystoscopy with biopsy of urinary bladder mucous was made on the first day and the tenth day. The patients were examined by means of the battery of psychometric and psychological methods. Women were divided into two equal groups. The first group took Furamag, the second group - Furamag and Adaptol. The patients complained of dysuria on the first day There was moderate leukocyturia in the urinalysis. Intensive leukocytic infiltration was determined in the biopsy of urinary bladder mucous. In assessing psychic status in patients, the tendency to social isolation was determined in both groups for the first day Laboratory findings were normalized on the tenth day; the dysuria was cropped in both groups in 100 %. Leukocytic infiltration in the biopsy of urinary bladder mucous was changed by lymphocytic one, and proliferative processes were increased. In the second group of patients more rapid relief of anxiety and depressive disorders was noted

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Structural trasformation of renal glomerulus at aging stages

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 704-705
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: AsfandiarovF.R., Trizno M.N.
Organization: Astrakhan State Medical University
Summary:

Processes of involution of renal glomerulus at ageing stages are considered.
Non-uniformity processes of involution of renal corpuscule is revealed, the most intensive process is observed from 60 years

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