Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Zavialov A.I.

Saratov State Medical University

Contribution of Saratov school of dermatology to the study of rare and chronic dermatoses in the 20-30s of the XX century

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 136-140
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Yakupov IA, Zavyalov Al, Utz SR, Morrison AV, Mizinov DS, Kryukov YuYu.
Organization: Moscow Scientific and Practical Center of Dermatology, Venereology and Cosmetology of Moscow City Health Department, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted to the scientific and practical contribution of the staff of the clinic of skin and venereal diseases of the Saratov Medical Institute in the study of etiology, pathogenesisand development of modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of rare and chronic skin diseases in the first half of the twentieth century.

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Professor VitaliyViktorovich Morrison (to the birth anniversary)

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 124-126
Heading: anniversary Article type: Short message
Authors: Chesnokova N.P., Zavyalov A.l., Afanasyeva G.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted to the 75th birth anniversary of Vitaliy Viktorovich Morrison, Professor and Merited Worker of Higher Education of the Russian Federation. Keywords: V.V. Morrison, anniversary.

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2019_1_124-126.pdf450.5 KB

Professor Natalya Grigoryevna Astafyeva (to the birth anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 464-465
Heading: anniversary Article type: Short message
Authors: Erugina М.V., Abyzova N.V., Zavyalov A.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted to the 75th birth anniversary of the Honoured Doctor of the Russian Federation Professor Natalya Grigoryevna Astafyeva.

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Professor V.A. Surat and his contribution to the development of national pediatrics (to the 125th birth anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 306-308
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Zavyalov A.l., Denishev R.R.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted to medical, scientific, pedagogical and public activities of V.A. Surat who was a professor and a head of pediatric departments in Saratov, Alma-Ata and Stalingrad Medical Universities.

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2018_2_306-308.pdf555.66 KB

Risks of sexual relations in representations of students

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 297-301
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Chernyshkova E.V., Zaviyalov A.l., Tupikin D.V., Denishev R.R., Uzhakhov A.M., Uzhakhov T.M., Andriyanova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

.The goal of the workwasto determine on the basis of sociological research the representation of medical students about the possible risks of sexual relations. Materials and methods. The survey of 659 students of medical and pediatric faculties of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky and Volgograd State Medical University. Results of the research demonstrate that the most significant risks of sexual relations considered by the students are sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy. However, despite a high level of awareness of probability of their occurrence less than a half of the students always use necessary remedies to avoid these risks, this fact allows to refer students to a group with an increased risk of STI and unwanted pregnancy. It is determined that self-treatment practice in regard to STI is not wild-spread among medical students due to the presence of deeper knowledge about reproduc- tive health. Conclusion. The analysis of author's research data and the works devoted to the problem of sexual relations risks among youth allows to state the imbalance between students' knowledge of sexual contacts risks and their real behavioral practices, and a significant decrease in the level of preventive work. Medical students can be considered as a resource for optimizing this type of work with students of high schools, colleges and other universities.

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2018_2_297-301.pdf264.98 KB

Use of adhesive systems in dentistry: past and present

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 234-239
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Review
Authors: Aslanyan M.A., Eremin O.V., Trufanova Yu.Yu., Aslanyan Mel.A., Eremin А.О., Bykova О.A., Zavyalov A.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

In recent decades, in the sphere of minimally invasive approach to preparing hard dental tissues, adhesive dentistry has made significant progress, revolutionizing many aspects of restorative dentistry. The attitude towards cavity preparation has changed due to adhesive systems as there is no necessary to prepare cavities with additional retention points to ensure mechanical adhesion with the filling material. Thus, the introduction of adhesive systems contributes to the preservation of more non-demineralized enamel and dentin in the preparation of hard dental tissues in accordance with the principle of "biological expediency". To achieve a better connection with the hard tissues of the tooth, a number of adhesive systems has been developed. The complexity of achieving a better connection is due to the heterogeneity of the structure and composition of the hard dental tissues, the hydrophilicity of the exposed dentin surface, smear layer formed during the preparation of the cavity and the characteristics of the adhesive system, such as its physical and chemical properties and the way it interacts with enamel and dentin. With the development of technologies, adhesive systems have evolved from systems that do not involve the etching of hard dental tissues to systems with preliminary total etching and self-etching adhesive systems.

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Organization of sanatorium treatment of patients with tuberculosis in the Saratov region at the beginning of the 20th century

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 862-867
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Chulochnikov А.А., Zavyalov A.l.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The contribution of society of sanitarians in the organization and establishment of sanatoriums for tuberculosis diseased treatment at the beginning of the 20th century is showed in the article. The efficiency of treatment held in sanatoriums, including good nourishment, koumiss and sun baths is also presented.

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2017_04_862-867.pdf1.73 MB

Professor A.G. Ge —the founder of Kazan school of dermatologists and venereologists (to the 175th anniversary)

Summary:

The article is devoted to medical, scientific, pedagogical and public activities of A. G. Ge -professor of Imperial Kazan University, the prominent scientist dermatologist and venereologist of the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, the founder of the Department of Skin and Venereal Diseases and Kazan school of dermatologists and venereologists.

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2017_03-1_689-693.pdf1.19 MB

R. Willan founder of the world scientific dermatology

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 681-685
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Short message
Authors: Betechtin M.S., Zavyalov A.I.
Organization: Moscow State Medical Stomatological University n.a. A. I. Evdokimov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

 The article presents the biography of R. Willan ar|d his scientific and practical contribution to the development of European clinical medicine in the second half of the 18 century and in the establishment of world scientific dermatology.

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A doctor, a scientist, a teacher and a health care manager — Lev Grigoryevich Gorchakov (to the 100-th birth anniversary)

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 313-316
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Yerugina M.V., Astafieva N.G., Zavyalov A.l., Abyzova N.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the article is to present biographical data of Professor L. G. Gorchakov describing his scientific and practical contribution to the development of Russian Medicine, to the public health organization in Saratov and to the training of medical staff at Saratov Medical Institute.

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2017_02_313-316.pdf498.3 KB