Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Lavrova D.B.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky, Department of Faculty Therapy of Medical Faculty, Assistant, Candidate of Medical Science

A rare medical case in neonatal practice: congenital malformation and spontaneous rupture of the stomach wall

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №2 Pages: 164-167
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Chernenkov Yu.V., Lavrova D.B., Panina O.S., Prokopenko L.E., Larshina E.P., Shikhanova S.V., Belyaeva N.A.
Organization: Perinatal Centre, Saratov , Saratov Clinical Hospital № 8, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Congenital malformation is one of the most common causes of infant mortality. The Russian Healthcare Ministry has approved a wide range of measures to decrease the number of babies born with malformations. Due to the measures taken, prenatal diagnostics of such malformations as cardiac malformation, nervous system malformation, various space occupying lesions has become more effective. However, there is a number of malformations hardly detected until the birth. This problem also concerns some abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract. One of such malformations "silent" during prenatal diagnostics is, particularly, focal aplasia of the stomach muscular layer. This work deals with the case of such malformation observed in a newborn baby.

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Results of longterm follow-up of children with low birth weight

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 691-693
Heading: Proceedings of all-Russia week of science with international participants Article type: Original article
Authors: Panina O.S., Chemenkov Yu.V., Lavrova D.B., Belyaeva N.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of our research is a long-term follow up study of children with low birth weight. Materials and methods. 115 premature children from 0 to 7 years old took part in the research process. The children gestational age was 30-35 weeks and their birth weight was less than 2500 g. All children had thorough clinical and laboratory, instrumental and psychological examination up to the age of seven. Their parents took part in questionnaire survey. Results. Development of all aspects of mentality is retarded and such retardation can be observed in the first months of life as slow learning of new things and peculiarities of psychological interrelations with the world around in the form of negative response to the influence of sensory stimuli, behavioral disorders and difficulties in social adaptation. Conclusion. Children with low birth weight are included into the high-risk group of disabling abnormalities and persistent non-disabling disorders. These children need early comprehensive rehabilitation and, at the same time, extremely careful prognosis of their further development.

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Congenital ichthyosis: interesting clinical case

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №2 Pages: 302-305
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Dukhonina О.М., Chernenkov Yu.V., Panina O.S., Lavrova D.B., Lyubimova M.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The research goal is to explore the clinical anamnestic features of congenital ichthyosis in newborns, to analyze the perinatal period for this child and to draw attention to one of the problems in neonatology — non-infectious diseases in newborns and skin care features on modified skin.

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Neonatal sepsis: the clinical case

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №1 Pages: 106-109
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Lyubimova М.А., Chernenkov Yu.V., Panina O.S., Lavrova D.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

In Russia there are no unified approved criteria for diagnosing sepsis, and this fact complicating registration and statistical recording of its development and spread. Sepsis registration in neonatology is more difficult. The infection as a death-causing factor in full-terms newborns has been increasing for the last 10 years, even though there is the registration system, and its size is 0,51-0,60 per 1000 newborns. Early neonatal sepsis is characterized by intrauterine particularly intranatal ascending, contact or hematogenous infecting. We have analyzed the course of antenatal, intra-natal and neonatal periods in babies with congenital sepsis. To diagnose neonatal sepsis in clinical presentation of the disease three groups of criteria directly correlating with sepsis have been revealed.

Keywords: -
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