Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

facial skull

Relation of linear parameters of anterior cranial fossa with dimensional characteristics of facial part of the skull in different craniotypes

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 621-623
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Aleshkina О.Yu., Hurchak Yu.A., Polkovova I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the relation of linear parameters of the anterior cranial fossa with dimensional facial characteristics of the human skull in various craniotypes. Research Material: 100 adult skulls divided into three craniotypes have been used. Methods. Craniotopometry has been used for the measurement of the average values and the correlation model construction. Results. It has been revealed that the most significant correlation has been observed in the parameters of fleksibasilar craniotypes, in medio- and platybasilar craniotypes the multidirectional dependence of the studied parameters has been characterized as of moderate and mild degree. Conclusion. Results of research are necessary theoretical base for possible use by clinical physicians in elaboration of tactics of stereotaksichesky approach to tumoral or other pathological processes in the field of front and brain departments of a skull.

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Structural features of facial skull and maxillary sinuses as predictors of complications in endodontic treatment of teeth of upper jaw

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №3 Pages: 813-816
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Short message
Authors: Lepilin A.M., Mareev O.V., Kovalenko I.P., Mareev G.O.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Endodontic treatment is considered to be one of the most common procedures in modern dentistry, which also leads to increase of the complications. Objective: to establish the anthropometric characteristics of the structure of the facial skull and maxillary sinus, determining the development of complications of the endodontic treatment of upper jaw. Materials and methods. Measurements have been performed on 105 three-dimensional CT scan of the head, 75 have been in the control group, 30 cases have got foreign bodies of the maxillary sinuses on the CT. Results. We have established the correlation between obtained anthropometrical parameters such as height and width of the face with the type of maxillary sinus pneumatization, also we have studied the critical thickness of the bone plate over the tooth root, which is the main predisposing factor in the development of complications. Conclusion. It is possible to form risk groups according to the type of the structure of the front-skeleton, for additional studies of further endodontic interventions that may reduce their frequency.

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