Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Smolensk State Medical Academy

Analysis of observations of acute strokes during the period from 2009 till 2012

Summary:

Objective: analysis of autopsy material of the patients who died with clinical diagnosis of stroke. Material and Methods. The protocols of postmortem investigations of 172 patients have been studied. The interested information were added to the questionnaire. Material was processed statistically. Results. It has been determined that 51,74% of dead patients were men and 48,26% were women. 96,9% of dead patients were from age group of 41-50 and 81-90 years respectively. The causes of death of the patients were edema of brain and pneumonia, which developed within 24 hours to 7 days. In 16,28% and 11.05% the death was fixed from 7 to 14 and from 14 to 28 days, respectively. The conclusive clinical diagnosis more commonly consisted of two basic diseases. Conclusion. There is a positive trend for improvement of the quality of diagnosis of stroke, to reduce the number of mistakes in conclusive clinical diagnosis.

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Role of gubernaculum in testicular descent

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №1 Pages: 20-25
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Review
Authors: Kuzmenkov A.Y., Bunkov K.V., Dorosevich А.Е.
Organization: Smolensk State Medical Academy
Summary:

The aim of the article is to present a review and analysis of historical data concerning theories of testicular movement and the role of gubernaculum in the process of descent. Comprehensive analysis of morphological data involving the anatomical and histological characteristics has been considered in the work. Key factors involved into the mechanisms of testicular movement and functional role of gubernaculum in this process have been described in details. Particular attention has been paid to neurohumoral regulation.

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Use glucose tolerance and galactose tolerance tests in dynamics of acute experimental injury of the liver

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 309-313
Heading: Anaesthesiology and Reanimatology Article type: Original article
Authors: J.V. Tishkova, O.V. Molotkov
Organization: Smolensk State Medical Academy
Summary:

At adult rats are caused experimental toxic liver injury of the various severity by introduction of carbon tetrachloride in a doze of 0.25 ml and 0.5 ml on 100 g of weights. It is investigated the functional condition of the liver with use glucose tolerance test (GTT) and galactose tolerance test (СаlТТ). It is revealed, the most informative for the investigation of liver function was the end of the first hour from beginning GPr and GаlТТ. Use of the coefficient, reflecting a correlation of glucose concentration in blood at the end of the first hour of ГТТ and Га!ТТ, makes it possible to raise diagnostic value of tolerance tests

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Cardiological pathology in structure of mortality in emergency hospital

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 279-282
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Yu.S. Korneva, D.V. Kozlov.
Organization: Smolensk State Medical Academy, Smolensk Regional Institute of Pathology
Summary:

In the article the correspondence between the structure of clinical and pathologic diagnoses was analyzed. Adequacy of underlying disease and adequacy of complication in clinical and pathologic diagnoses was also analyzed. While performing analyses, specific characters of making diagnoses in therapeutic, surgical departments and reception rooms were studied. Summing the received data, special attention was paid to cardiological diseases as nosologies which take the leading place in mortality rate

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Current Aspects Of Estimation Of Bioradical Imbalance Of Patients With Multiple Sclerosis In The City Of Bryansk (Oxidant Stress And Multiple Sclerosis As An Example Of The Bryansk Population)

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 584-587
Heading: Neurology Article type: Review
Authors: N.P. Gribova, I.V. Khudyakova
Organization: Smolensk State Medical Academy
Summary:

Article examines the role of free-radical oxidation of lipids and antioxidant systems in the development and characteristics of MS disease course. Oxidant-antiradical status was assessed in problem research laboratory of Clinical Biophysics, and antioxidant therapy Smolensk State Medical Academy with two direct methods of control - hemolumin-sention and radiospectroscopy and mathematical definition of the integral indexof the bioradical imbalance (coefficient K). Increase of degree EDSS was shown by activation of lipid peroxidation against background of tension in the antioxidant defense system, as well as free radical imbalance, which progressively intensified in direct proportion to rise on disease progression and the gravity of clinical manifestations of disease. Detected changes was determined by disease course and gravity of clinical manifestations of disease. Determined a direct correlation intensity of lipid peroxidation et antioxidant activity processes in patients with MS in ecologically unfavorable areas of the city of Bryansk

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Surgical Treatment of Patients with Multitrauma of Hand Fingers

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №3 Pages: 407-409
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: O.V. Beidik, A.V. Zaretskov, M.A. Shcerbakov, K.K. Levchenko
Organization: Penza city hospital, Smolensk State Medical Academy
Summary:

For treatment of hand multitrauma including proximal phalanx fracture of finger with damaging of tendons of flexors muscles, we successfully used mini devices for external fixation. After stabilization of bone fragments tendinous palsy carried out. Measuring of transplant right length is very important for future good functional results

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SOME MORPHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE NERVOUS COMPONENT OF COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS AND THEIR CELLULAR MICROSURROUNDINGS IN TISSUES OF SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF CERVIX OF THE UTERUS

Year: 2006, volume 2 Issue: №2 Pages: 53-55
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: V.V. Sudilivskaya, I.A. Bechtereva
Organization: Smolensk State Medical Academy
Summary:

The research has shown presence of the adrenergic and cholinergic of vegetative nervous terminals (VNT) in tissues of squamous cell carcinoma of cervix of the uterus in a zone of tumoral growth and in contralateral to the side. Heterogeneity of the local neuromediator background in tumor morphogenesis in a zone of tumoral growth and in contralateral to the side can be clarified through studying the peculiarities of the VNT cellular microsurroundings . But this is a subject matter of further researches.

Keywords: cancer

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE QUANTITATIVE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE VALUES OF MICROVESSELS DIAMETRES IN THE MICROVASCULAR KNOTS OF THE OPTIMAL CONFIGURATION

Year: 2007, volume 3 Issue: №4 Pages: 37-39
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: A.V. Smorodinov
Organization: Smolensk State Medical Academy
Summary:

On the base of the hypothesis about portion movement of the blood, the mathematical model of the quantitative relations between the values of microvessels diameters in the microvascular knots of the optimal configuration is proposed.

Keywords: microcirculation

NEW APPROACH TO THE TREATMENT OF EXACERBATIONS OF CHRONIC ODONTOGENETIC FOCI OF INFECTION

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №1 Pages: 111-114
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: T.A. Galanova, V.M. Morgunova, Ju.L. Osipova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Smolensk State Medical Academy
Summary:

Smolensk State Medical Academy1 Saratov State Medical Univercity2
As the result of carried out investigation itwas revealed by the authors thatthe method oftreatment ofexacerbations of destructive form of chronic periodontitis based on active medicinal therapy with the use of combination of "Mepacyl” (Pierre Rolland) and “Nise"(nimesulide) allows to control inflammatory signs quickly and to reduce the number of visits to the dentist.

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