Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Baidina T.V.

Perm State Academy of Medicine n.a. academician E. A. Vagner, Department of Neurology n.a. V. P. Pervushin, Professor, Doctor of Medical Science

Non-motor symptoms in parkinson’s disease

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 535-538
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Torgan T.I., Baidina T.V.
Organization: Perm State University of Medicine n.a. academician E.A. Vagner
Summary:

The goal of the research was to investigate some non-motor disorders at patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and to determine their relations to the main manifestations of the disease. 68 patients with PD without dementia were studied. Duration of disease was 4 (2-6) years. The following scales were used: Modifed Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS), Unifed Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS, part 3), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), A. M. Veyn Questionnaire for autonomic disturbances and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). The results of this study have revealed the presence of emotional disorders, fatigue, autonomic dysfunction and dyssomnia at patients with PD. Non-motor symptom severity does not depend on age and sex of the patients, as well as the main motor symptoms of the disease. The relationships of the examined non-motor symptoms were revealed.

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Infuence of depression on stability in elderly patients with discirculatory encephalopa-thy

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 383-388
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Baidina T.V., Sosnitskaya D.M.
Organization: Perm State University of Medicine n.a. academician E.A. Vagner
Summary:

The goal of the research is studying of patients who suffer from disequilibrium because of the gerontal dyscir-culatory encephalopathy (DE) with borderline disorders. The research also highlights possible relationship between depression and postural abnormalities using stabilometrics. 72 patients of 75 – 90 years old with dyscirculatory en-cephalopathy were examined. There were clinical and psychometric trials. Mental depression was detected according to depressive disorder criteria of ICD-10 (International Classifcation of Deseases-10th revision). Clinical assessment of static sense according to R. Bohannon scale (1989). Stabilometrics was carried out in compliance with European open eyes — methodology using “MBN — Biomechanics” complex (Moscow).During the tests two groups of patients were sorted out. They are the main group consisted of 56 patients with depressive symptom and a group for comparison consisted of 16 patients without anxiety or depression. The groups are comparable to age and cognitive defect rate. There was no difference according to clinical assessment of static sense according to R. Bohannon scale. The length and the area of a stabilogram, the centre of pressure movement speed in the main group is higher because the oscillation amplitude in the medium frequency area in frontal plane.The research concluded that depression intensifes balance disorder at patients with gerontal dyscirculatory en-cephalopathy. This disorder can be revealed by computer stabilometrics method. These disorders are the consequences of the infuence of phrenopathy on muscle tone.

Keywords: stabilometrics
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