Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Otolaryngology

Clinical review of allergic rhinitis in children with parasitic infestation

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 76-80
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Original article
Authors: Nurmukhamedova F.B.
Organization: Tashkent Medical Academy
Summary:

The research goal. Clinical and laboratory data in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) with parasitic infestation (PI) and without it were studied. Material and Methods. The study of AR patients was performed in the children's city diagnostic center. There were 100 children aged 3 to 14 years under our observation. Children were divided on to 2 groups: the main group (67 sick children with permanent allergic rhinitis with concomitant parasitic invasion), and a comparison group (33 patients with permanent allergic rhinitis without parasitic invasion). Results. We found that the clinical picture of AR with concomitant parasitosis in children is characterized by dyspeptic, asthenic vegetative, allergic dermatologi-cal syndromes, in addition to manifestations typical for AR. Conclusion. Analysis of the main clinical and laboratory parameters in children with AR revealed that PI in this case usually occur with subclinical symptoms. In many cases, patients AR required specific parasitological diagnosis allows you to assign a specific therapy is adequate in the detection of concomitant PI.

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Application of modified auditory profile in observation of hearing rehabilitation effects among adult partially deaf patients with cochlear implant system

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 707-713
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Original article
Authors: Pankovska A., Solnitsa J., Skarzhynski Kh., Skarzynski P. Kh.
Organization: Warsaw Medical University, Warsaw Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Kajetany World Hearing Center, Kajetany Institute of Sense Organs
Summary:

Aim: to obtain results in order to organize an individual profile of patient's hearing skills, which is a graphic illustration of obtained results that are used to monitor and provide appropriate assessment of the rehabilitation process using the modified set of hearing abilities tests. Material and methods. Material includes 24 adult patients (19 female and 5 male) with partial deafness. All of them use cochlear implants. 6 patients have been using the Cl for no more than 6 months. 12 subjects have been using the Cl for more than 6 months, 3 of them have been using the Cl for more than a year and 3 people have been using the Cl for more than 24 months. Results. Research was based on 18 tasks. In the 8 of them 24 patients obtained the result of 100% identification just one month after the first speech processor fitting. However significant changes were observed in the remaining 10 tasks. 3 complete profiles of the patients hearing skills were created. Conclusions. Results obtained by the patients confirm that the set of supervision materials designed to control the effects of rehabilitation and proposed as pilot study is valuable and can be used in diagnostics. Formula developed on the basis of auditory skill profile of the patient provides clear information on patient's progress (both to a patient and a therapist). It helps determine exercises for the next stages of rehabilitation.

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The study of a balance function using video stabilom-etry in patients with ataxia

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №1 Pages: 92-97
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Original article
Authors: Mareev О.V., Sholomov I.I., Gorozhankin А. V., Monakhova O.A.
Organization: Engels Technological Institute of Saratov State Technical University n.a. Yu.A. Gagarin
Summary:

The aim of the study is to assess the condition of balance function in patients with different diseases. Materials and methods: The study has been performed on 82 patients divided into the following groups: patients with Menier»s disease, with multiple sclerosis, chronic cerebral ischemia, and persons without pathology of balance function, which have composed the comparison group. Statistical evaluation of video stabilometric data of patients in these groups has been performed. Results: Reliable differences between stabilometric parameters in patients with disorder of balance function and patients of comparison group have been revealed. Conclusion: Video stabilometry may be applied as an objective method for evaluation of balance function in order to detect different pathological states.

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Effects of intranasal medicines on microcirculatory blood flow of nasal cavity

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №3 Pages: 791-794
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Short message
Authors: Svistunov A.A., Mareev О.V., Mareev G.О., Bukreev I.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article describes the new method of assessment of microcirculatory blood perfusion and introduction of this method into the study of intranasal drugs effects on mucosal blood flow in the nasal cavity. The research work presents some different groups of drugs — decongestants, physical solutions for irrigation therapy and local corticosteroids. It has been revealed that intranasal decongestants have a significant effect on the intranasal blood flow, but their intake affects the mucosal membrane of the nasal cavity. Other drugs have not shown such negative effects and have not caused tachyphylaxis. Therefore these medicines may be recommended for more common use in ENT-practice.

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Modern mathematical models of middle ear (review)

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №1 Pages: 095-100
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Review
Authors: G.O. Mareev
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents a historical overview of different measurement methods of mobility of middle ear structures. It points out a thorough research of transition from mechanical measurement techniques with mathematical approximation to the nanotechnological methods. The main approaches to modern mathematical models of middle ear construction including finite element method have been described in the work.

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Application of laser autodyne for vibration assessment of tympanic membrane

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №4 Pages: 894-897
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Short message
Authors: Daykhes N.A., Mareev O.V., Mareev G.O., Usanov D.A., Skripal A.V.
Organization: Saratov National Research University n.a. N. G. Chernyshevsky, Saratov State Medical University, Moscow Clinical Center of Otolaryngology
Summary:

Research is devoted to assessing the state of the middle ear structures by usage of modern nanotechnology methods. The history of the problem, various ancient and modern methods for studying the mobility of the middle ear structures have been described. The results of the research of eardrum movements by laser autodyne and their value in differential diagnosis of ear diseases have been presented. The research goal is to assess vibrations of middle ear structures by modern nanotechnological techniques. Materials: The study included 207 persons, divided into groups of healthy individuals and patients with sensorineural deafness, otosclerosis, adhesive otitis and tubootitis. Results: Exact frequency response vibration patterns of the middle ear and tympanic membrane have been obtained. Measurements have been made in open sound field in normal ears and ears with various pathology of middle and inner ear. The value of this method in differential diagnosis of ear diseases has been investigated. Conclusion: The use of laser autodyne for measuring middle ear structures vibration is a perspective and objective method of assessing auditory function. It is very necessary in modern otolaryngology for differential diagnosis of hearing pathology

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Assessment of auditory processing in children with dyslalia

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 661-665
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Original article
Authors: Wlodarczyk £., Szkielkowska A., Ratynska J., Skarzynski P. H., Skarzynski H., Ganc M., Pilka A., Obrycka A.
Organization: Poland, Warsaw, International Center of Hearing and Speech, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Clinic of Audiology and Phoniatric
Summary:

The objective of the work was to assess occurrence of central auditory processing disorders in children with dyslalia. Material and method. The material included 30 children at the age 798 years old being under long-term speech therapy care due to articulation disorders. All the children were subjected to the phoniatric and speech examination, including tonal and impedance audiometry, speech therapist's consultation and psychologist's consultation. Electrophysi-ological (N2, P2, N2, P2, P300 record) and following psychoacoustic test of central auditory functions were performed (Frequency Pattern Test). Results. Analysis of the results revealed disorders in the process of sound analysis within frequency and P300 wave latency prolongation in children with dyslalia. Conclusions. Auditory processing disorders may be significant in development of correct articulation in children, they also may explain unsatisfactory results of long-term speech therapy

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