Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Saratov Bureau of Forensic Medical Examination

The analysis of the structure of causes of violent death in Saratov (from 2011 to 2015)

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №1 Pages: 27-31
Heading: Forensic medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Efimov А.А., Savenkova E.N., Alekseev Yu.D., Ivakhina S.A., Raykova K.A., Kalugina S.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Bureau of Forensic Medical Examination
Summary:

Objective: the establishment changes in the structure of the causes of violent death in Saratov from 2011 till 2015. Material and Methods. The examination was based on analysis of the results of the forensic medical expert researches of corpses in the Saratov city office of forensic medical examination of corpses in the period from 2011 to 2015. Results. The structure of the causes of violent death was identical in Saratov in the last five years. The mechanical trauma was a leader, in second place — poisonings, then — mechanical asphyxia and external factors. There were two trends in the dynamics of components of each type of violent death: positive and negative. Positive trends were expressed as a decrease in the proportion of deaths from poisoning by ethanol and reducing the number of deaths from alcohol intoxication from other causes. Negative trends were expressed as the increase in the number of forensic medical expert examinations in the last two years, an increasing share of violent death of children in 2015, maintaining the leading position of automotive trauma among deaths from injuries by blunt objects. Conclusion. The number of forensic medical examinations of corpses was increased in Saratov for the studied period, but the proportion of fatal poisoning with ethanol was decreased. In 2015, the share of violent death of children aged under 14 was increased.

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General methods of identification of narcotic substances in cadaveric urine and biochemical indices in blood at positive identification of drug substances

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 642-646
Heading: Narcology Article type: Original article
Authors: Bychkov E.N., Serkova S.A., Arsentieva L.A., Frantsuzova T.S., Bluvshtein G.A., Borodulin V.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Bureau of Forensic Medical Examination
Summary:

The goal of the present paper was to find effective biochemical markers of chronic narcotization. Materials and methods. The results of biochemical research of biological liquids in human organism and chromatographic methods of drug substances identification in cadaveric urine were analyzed. Research of 197 samples of different biologic liquids of 10 persons was carried out. Control was fulfilled on the basis of 135 samples of biological liquids took of 12 persons. Methods of identification of drug substances are presented, chromatographic and spectral characteristics of drug substances are described. Interrelations of biochemical indices at positive study of drug substances identification were conducted. The increased urea metabolic concentration in cadaveric blood of drug addicts was revealed in comparison with control specimens. Results. (Numeral results are given in Table 3). Correct correlation of biochemical markers was not established. Conclusion. The present results suppose continued study of informative reliable biochemical markers of chronic drug intoxication

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