Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

cardiovascular pathology

Gender peculiarities of cardiovascular pathology in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 28-33
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Ryabova A.Yu., Kozlova I.V., Shapovalova T.G., Shashina M.M., Veselov V.V., Zemlyanskaya O.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpuse: to research the gender-specific features of cardiovascular disease in the group of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Material and Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective research of 419 patients hospitalized with exacerbation of COPD to the Pulmonology Department of Saratov Clinical Hospital №8 from 2015 to 2017 By the method of independent target sample, taking into account gender and multimorbidity 169 patients with COPD and cardiovascular disease were included into the research. Results. Relation between the nosological forms and the frequency of occurrence of cardiovascular pathology in the group of patients with COPD is gender- dependent. Gender features of heart remodeling in the group of patients with COPD and cardiovascular pathology are revealed. Women have more therapy adherence. Conclusion. The data that we obtained indicate the characteristics of the formation and course of the cardiovascular pathology in patients with COPD gender-dependent. Research of the features determines the optimal tactics of treatment, improves the prognosis and quality of life of co-morbid patients.

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Platelet indices as markers of platelet turnover and aggregation: pathophysiological interpretation, clinical impact, perspectives in research

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 813-820
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Review
Authors: Malinova L.I., Furman N.V., Dolotovskaya P.V., Puchinyan N.F., Kiselev A.R.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky Research Institute of Cardiology
Summary:

The purpose of the review is to characterize existing in open access bibliographical databases such as eLibrary and PubMed evidence on clinical impact of morphometric platelet indices as markers of platelet aggregation ability and turnover as a methodology and theoretical framework of further investigation. Studies results were pooled from open access bibliographic databases (eLibrary, and PubMed) according to modified PRISMA algorithm. Relevant studies were identified by systematic searches of the original studies published during the last 10 years in the Russian and English languages. Results of 96 original studies in accordance with inclusion criteria were published during the last 10 years in scientific journals indexed in eLibrary, and PubMed. The majority of publications (64.58%) consist of evidence pro diagnostic and prognostic significance of platelet indices. Studies demonstrating the significance of platelet indices as possible risk markers of thrombotic events in cardiovascular patients were predominating among "pro" publications. In 15.63% published results contradict concept of platelet indices usefulness as diagnostic and prognostic markers in clinical practice. Morphometric platelet indices can be considered as useful diagnostic and prognostic markers of thrombotic events in cardiovascular patients. Existing gaps in evidence suggest the need of further investigations.

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Cardiovascular disease prevalence and clinical characteristics in Great Patriotic War veterans

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №1 Pages: 023-027
Heading: 70 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War Article type:
Authors: Lipatova Т.Е., Denisova Т.Р., Shuldyakov V.A., Alipova L.N., Haybekova T.V., Yuanov A.A.
Organization: Regional Hospital, Regional Hospital for War Veterans, Saratov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Present article summarizes the results of long-term studies of cardiovascular health parameters in war veterans of Saratov region admitted to Saratov regional hospital for war veterans. Cardiovascular disease spectrum and its prevalence dynamics were studied in war veterans. Clinical signs and disease course features of cardiovascular pathology were systematized including Great Patriotic War veterans, who successfully had reached the state of longevity.

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Ageing and longevity in Volga region population

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 242-247
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Danilov A.N., Shuldyakov V.A., Malinova L.I., Ahmadullina L.G., Denisova T.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Institute of Cardiology, Russia
Summary:

The results of complete clinical and demographic investigation of Volga Region population of long-livers have been presented. Anthropologic, social, clinical, laboratory and instrumental markers of longevity have been determined.

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Clinical, epidemiological and social characteristics of long-lived persons of the Volga region industrial centre

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 695-698
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Malinova L.I., Shuldyakov V.A., Shuvalov S.S., Denisova T.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Institute of Cardiology, Russia
Summary:

Aim: In spite of recent achievements in public health, average lifetime in the Volga region as in whole Russia is rather short. Issues of longevity in the region produce scientific interest by clinical, epidemiological and social characteristics of long-lived persons. Material and methods: In total 167 long-lived persons were examined. Medical, social, psychic, emotional and epidemiological characteristics were assessed. Results: The typical long-lived person of the Volga region was brought out. The high quality of life was revealed. The negative influence of smoking and alcoholism on the longevity was shown. Most of the patients needed communication. Lack of complaints was revealed, patients mentioned only the general weakness. Conclusion: The study has explained new social and demographic features of the Volga region long-livers

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Cardiovascular pathology in veterans of Great Patriotic War and aged patients: spectrum and clinical pattern

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 614-619
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova Т.Р., Malinova L.I., Shuldyakov V.A., Alipova L.N., Shuvalov S.S., Silina T.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov Institute of Cardiology, Russia
Summary:

Cardiovascular pathology spectrum and dynamics in veterans of Great Patriotic War and aged patients of Volga agricultural and industrial region were studied. Clinical signs and course of cardiovascular pathology in aged patients were determined. A «dissolution» phenomenon of chronic cardiovascular pathology was revealed in patients aged over 100 years

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