Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Grozdova T. U.

Saratov State Medical University, Department of Health Protection Organization, Public Health and Medical Law, Professor, Doctor of Medical Science

Problems and solutions on issues of medical care quality in community-acquired pneumonia in hospitals of Saratov region

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 368-372
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Erugina M.V., Grozdova T.Yu., Savinov V.A. Sazanova G.Yu.,Dolgova E.M., Lotsmanov Yu.F., Ushakov Yu.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Qualitative assessment of diagnostics and treatment of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) was carried out in ten therapeutic departments of urban and district hospitals of Saratov region, using quality indicators (Qls). Each case of CAP was assessed in expert health care quality (HCQ) card according to the diagnostic and treatment quality federal standards and the basic Ql. The application of Ql in CAP patients allowed revealing the following: low CAP agent isolation rate; late hospitalization of CAP patients; low frequency of sputum bacteriological and bacterioscopic investigations prior to antibiotic therapy; insufficient frequency of step-by-step introduction of antibiotics. Recommendations on CAP patients dispenserization were not properly prescribed; recommendations on vaccination were absent. The basic measures of HCQ improvement are as follows: organizing for each CAP patient therapeutic and diagnostic quality control according to Ql; quick administrative decisions; using of HCQ expertise during the first 2-3 days of treatment to correct diagnosis and treatment; optimizing hospital diagnostic resources (laboratory and instrumental) and rational pharmacotherapy

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Criteria of medical care evaluation in daily in-patient department in pediatrics

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 361-368
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Shigaev N.N., Grozdova T.U.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Summary:

The research goal is to work out criteria for the evaluation of medical care quality. Materials included 386 medical cards of daily in-patients, 216 medical cards of in-patients; 602 cards of analysis of case histories; 4 computer data bases. Methods of mathematical statistics were successfully used in the study. The comparative method of data analysis was applied to the research work. Intensity of medical care in values from 0,1 to 0,5 conditional units corresponded to requirements of criterion of estimation of medical care quality. Parameters of medicinal treatment were close to the standards of treatment in interval from 44,4 to 100%, as criterion of quality of medical care. Specific weight of apparatus and instrumental researches constituted an interval from 7, 4% to 22, 6%, forming corresponding criterion. Interval of effectiveness according to standards of consultations is from 0, 26 to 1, 04 conditional units. In conclusion the article stated that the characteristics for criteria to evaluate medical care in daily in-patient departments were worked out on the basis of indices obtained during the research work

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