Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

rehabilitation

Some approaches in assessing effectiveness of rehabilitation activities in highly qualified athletes

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 947-955
Heading: sports medicine Article type: Review
Authors: Goloborodko Е.М., Fomkin P.A., Petrova V.V., Razinkin S.M.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

An overview of literature data on the types of medical rehabilitation applied to highly skilled athletes and on ways to assess the effectiveness of the implemented measures is provided in the article. Sport rehabilitation is a separate type of activity for which a conceptual apparatus should be formed; basic methodological approaches should be developed and implemented. In addition to physical rehabilitation, attention should also be given to the psychological athlete recovery, both in the context of accelerating recovery, and to strengthen adherence to the applied procedures. All rehabilitation programs should be developed individually, taking into account the specific kind of the sport. The approach based on the use of the scale of assessing the level of health in combination with an objective diagnosis of his psychoemotional state allows to fully assess the effectiveness of carrying out rehabilitation measures among highly qualified athletes

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Emotional intelligence as an indicator of cognitive functioning in patients with schizophrenia

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 834-838
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Original article
Authors: Samoylova D.D., Barylnik Yu.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: to analyze the variability of emotional intelligence as an indicator of cognitive functioning in groups of patients with schizophrenia, depending on the duration of the disease, the duration of treatment and the treatment regimen used. Material and Methods. A total of 420 patients with a clinical diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia were examined. All patients were divided into groups according to the duration of the disease and the therapy. The research included the medical documentation analyses and the application of «Ekman's Faces» psychodiagnostic scale. Results. There was an improvement of the indicator in the group of primary patients receiving treatment with atypical antipsychotics in combination with rehabilitation. Conclusion. The obtained data allows to make a conclusion about the effect of the duration of the disease, the observation, and also the nature of the conducted therapy on the variability of the emotional intelligence indicator in patients with a paranoid form of schizophrenia and may be used to select a psychotherapeutic algorithm for this category of patients. The obtained results prove the necessity of using questionnaire for emotional intelligence «Ekman's faces» and specific therapy in the early stages of the disease.

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The value of assessment of quality of life in realisation of medico-social rehabilitation of children-orphans in conditions of illness

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 288-291
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type:
Authors: Dubrovina M.S., Krom I.L., Chizhova V.M.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Volgograd State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: interdisciplinary analysis of quality of life and objectifying strategies of medico-social rehabilitation of children-orphans in conditions of illness. Material and Methods. Included in the study on a random sample of 354 respondents aged 14-18 years of age (160 males and 194 female). The study of quality of life was conducted using the international questionnaire of WHOQOL-100. Statistical significance of differences of average indices of life quality of groups of respondents was determined by non-parametric Mann —Whitney test. Results. Analysis of the averages of quality of life in the group of clinically healthy respondents were allowed to define the indices on average significantly (p<0.01 — p<0.05) different in the group of children-orphans and children living in families. During the research it was found that the average quality of life of orphans in a situation of a disease in most points of questionnaire were significantly lower than in the control group. Statistically significant differences of average values of indicators of quality of life in the analysis of the quality of life of the respondents (orphans and children living in families) in the case of illness related to the effects of disease and child abandonment, somatically and socially determined. Conclusion. Established in the course of the study the statistical relationship between indicators of quality of life from disease and the effectiveness of re-socialization proves the possibility of the objectification of recovery strategies and the formation of personally identifiable medical and social assistance to children-orphans in conditions of illness.

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Issues on health status and rehabilitation of young children born with extremely low and very low weight

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 245-251
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Review
Authors: Scherbatyuk E.S., Khmilevskaya S.A., Zryachkin N.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The review presents literature data on the catamnesis of children born with extremely low and very low weight, identification of the most common pathological conditions, of the incidence rate and the main causes of disability in childhood, the rationale for the need for early initiation of rehabilitation actions aimed at preventing and correction of these conditions. The article highlights difficulties in assessment of physical and neuropsychological development of deeply premature babies, related to the heterogeneity of contingent of the children being surveyed and the difference in the tests used to determine these parameters. It was noted that for a comprehensive assessment of their health they also need to determine quality of life using the developed scales. The author substantiated the need to improve the system of medical support for such children at all phases of nursing and rehabilitation process and perforce to introduce a personal approach with differentiated programs of medical examination and rehabilitation in the wide practice.

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The course of medical rehabilitation at the department of kinesitherapy, sports medicine and physiotherapy

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №1 Pages: 96-98
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Khramov V.V., Polyanina A.Yu., Tolstokorov S.A., Grigorieva N.N., Amirova I.A., Kirsanova I.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

This article summarizes the main aspects of educational process on the clinical course "Medical rehabilitation". The role of this course in the full health restoration of a patient is noted in the work. The algorithm of training and methodological support is also discussed in the article.

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Using of virtual reality technology in acute cerebral stroke and their influense on post-stroke affective disorders

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 824-827
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Maslyuk О.А., Smolentseva I.G., Amosova N.A., Shevchenko N.S., Milagina V.S.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

Aim. The study of virtual reality technology in the rehabilitation of patients with cerebral stroke and influence on post stroke affective disorder. Materials and methods. The study included 88 patients with ischemic stroke: 59 men (67%) and 29 women (33%). The average age of the patients was 62,05 ± 11,74 years. In the study group included 46 patients, 44 patients in the control group. The groups were matched by age, time from the begin of disease, severity of disease, the severity of motor, affective and cognitive impairments. In addition, in the study group to the program of early rehabilitation to use individual training with virtual reality technology (BTS NIRVANA). The duration of the training was 21 days, 3 times a week for 40 minutes. Results. On the background of rehabilitation in the study group patients had a significant reduced of neurological deficit (p

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Analysis of major trends of morbidity of population as a base of necessity for organizing rehabilitationc

Summary:

The study aims the research of morbidity in Moscow and the Moscow Region in those diseases rates for which it had been required further rehabilitation and restorative treatment, against the background of the analysis of similar indicators in the whole of the Russian Federation in the dynamics for eight years. The necessity of enlargement restorative treatment and rehabilitation for citizens, including databases of major medical centers had been reasoned.

Keywords: rehabilitation
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Organization of medical rehabilitation in Parkinson's disease in a specialized clinical diagnostic room

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 927-931
Heading: rehabilitative medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Krivonos О.V., Smolentseva I.G., Amosova N.A., Gubaydullina R.F.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

The study aimed to create an organizational model of medical rehabilitation of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Material and methods. In medical institutions of Closed Administrative-Territorial Units of Russia (Seversk, Za-rechniy, Ozersk, Lesnoy, Sarov and Zheleznogorsk) in clinical and diagnostic rooms for providing care to patients with movement disorders there was created an organizational model of medical rehabilitation. Results. The organizational model of medical rehabilitation allowed to cover 100% of all PD patients. The main phases in the model were diagnosis and follow up care on the base of specialized clinical and diagnostic room, creating and performance of individual rehabilitation program with recreation therapist, educational sessions for patients and their relatives, evaluation effectiveness of rehabilitation measures, condition monitoring, assessment of antiparkinsonian therapy. Effectiveness of the rehabilitation in inpatient and outpatient settings was comparable. Conclusion. Creation and implementation of the organizational model of medical rehabilitation was possible only in specialized clinical and diagnostic rooms for diagnosis and treatment of movement disorders. There were introduction of the phasing and basic directions rehabilitation program for PD patients have been worked.

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Application of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the rehabilitation of patients after surgical correction of the penile urethral strictures

Summary:

The aim of the article is to examine the impact and justify the use of hyperbaric oxygenation in the complex rehabilitation of patients after surgery for penile urethral strictures. Material and Methods. A group of 37 patients were examined who underwent various reconstructive operations on the urethra, 16 of which in the postoperative period in addition to conventional therapy conducted hyperbaric oxygenation. Results. It is shown that the use of hyperbaric oxygenation in the early postoperative period in patients undergoing replacement plastic of urethra can reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, and reduced the time of urethral drainage. Conclusion. An integrated approach with the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the rehabilitation of patients undergoing extended replacement plastic of penile urethral strictures, reduces the amount of potential effect-dependent postoperative complications, which generally leads to shorter hospital stay after surgical treatment.

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Rehabilitation of patients with cerebral palsy using simulators

Summary:

The Objective is to develop new simulators available that increase the effectiveness in therapy in patients with cerebral palsy. The inspection and rehabilitation of 70 patients with Children Cerebral Paralysis in spastic form have been carried out. Objects and methods. In basic group (35 children) complex treatment has been improved by the trainings with help of authors. Results. The results of therapy by such categories as contact, movement, self-service, playing activity have been more evident in the group where training complexes have been used. Conclusion. It has been proved that therapeutic and rehabilitation strategies for disabled children should be developed.

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