Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Novokuznetsk State Medical Institute for Advanced Training of Physicians

Advanced methods of treatment of hypophysis adenoma

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 112-114
Heading: Neurology Article type: Review
Authors: Zhestikova M.G., Kan Ya.A., Sholomov I.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Novokuznetsk State Medical Institute for Advanced Training of Physicians, Novokuznetsk State Clinical Hospital № 1
Summary:

Hypophysis adenomas are mostly spread in the chiasmatic cellular area. They account 18% of all new brain formations, the structure of pituitary adenomas includes prolactinomas in a large number of cases which are manifested by the syndrome of hyperprolactinemia and hormone inactive hypophysis tumours (35%). Somatotropins (13-15%) are lower in frequency, the main clinical feature is acromegalia. One can rarely reveal corticotropins (8-10%), gonadotro-pins (7-9%) and thyrotropins (1%) and their mixed forms. Transsphenoidal surgical interventions are considered to be methods of choice treatment of hypophysis adenomas and other formations in the chiasmatic cellular area. Alternative methods of treatment are conservative. They can be as an addition to microsurgery (radiotherapy)

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