Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Aleshkina O.Yu.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky Head of Department of Human Anatomy, Professor, Doctor of Medical Science

The role of museum of Department of Human Anatomy in the educational process

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 97-100
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Bugaeva O.I., Aleshkina O.Yu., Bikbaeva T.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article contains information on the history of the formation of the fundamental educational and scientific museum of Human Anatomy department of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. The main collections of the fund of anatomy museum are presented. Features of registration and registration of anatomical preparations, as well as the purpose of their exposure, are described. The importance of the museum in the educational and scientific process of the department of human anatomy is considered.

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Organization of educational process at the department of human anatomy of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 306-308
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Bugaeva I0, Aleshkina OYu, Chernenkov YuV, Bikbaeva TS., Zagorovskaya TM.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Human anatomy is one of the basic disciplines in the system of medical education. Knowledge in this area is necessary for the development of related theoretical subjects and constitutes a basis for studying clinical disciplines. Therefore the priority task of department of human anatomy is qualitative training of students at the modern level using classical and innovative pedagogical and computer technologies, being based on competence-based approach to training. In the article the features of organization of educational process at department of Human Anatomy of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky, within the Federal state educational standard of the 3rd generation which key differences are considered: acquisition by students of cultural and professional competences.

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То the anniversary of Vladimir Nikolaevich Nikolenko

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №4 Pages: 622-624
Heading: anniversary Article type: Short message
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yu., Fomkina О.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted the 60th anniversary of the honored worker of higher school of the Russian Federation, professor Vladimir Nikolaevich Nikolenko.

Morphometrical variability of dental alveoli of mandible in adults

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 110-112
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yu., Rossoshansky D.N., Polkovova I.A., Bikbaeva T.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the morphometrical variability of dental alveoli bilaterally, depending on their position in the alveolar part of the mandible. Material and Methods. The object of the study is to certify 70 cranions with mandibles of middle-aged adults (21-60 years) and 30 isolated mandibles without gender-and age-related characteristics. The objects of the study were taken from scientific cranial fundamental museum collection of the Department of Human Anatomy. For the scientific research Craniometry method was used according to generally accepted craniology process parameters. Dental alveoli on both sides of the mandible were studied. Results. It was established that longitudinal diameter prevails at tooth alveoli of a canine, the first and second premolars, cross diameter on the same side of a jaw at the left — at alveoli of a medial incisor and the first premolar in comparison with its right side. At dental alveoli the left-sided depth is larger of the first molar, of the second molar — the right-sided is larger. Longitudinally cross diameter in the direction from alveoli of front teeth to back ones increases at each subsequent alveolus, since the minimum size at incisors and reaching the maximum size at alveoli of the first and second molars. The largest depth of tooth alveoli is determined at a canine, the first and second premolars. Conclusion. Results of the research of bilateral and individual variability of parameters of tooth cells may be used in practical stomatology.

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Applied physical education and search of innovative forms of teaching students

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №4 Pages: 600-604
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Original article
Authors: Pavlov V.I., Aleshkina O.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to analyze the effectiveness of Internet technologies for learning, assessment and control of the development of theoretical material in the process of physical education of students. Material and Methods. The study involved 453 people: in the study group — 235 students; in the control group — 218 respondents. The method of research is the statistical analysis of performance testing. Results. The academic program, information technology training process and score-rating system of evaluation and control of theoretical preparation of students in the discipline "Applied physical training" have been developed. Conclusion. Proven remote information technology of professional theoretical training of future professionals, and score-rating system of knowledge evaluation are an objective tool for monitoring the preparation of students in physical education.

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Anthropometric predictors of cardiovascular continuum in patients with ischemic heart disease

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №4 Pages: 520-523
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Baleva E.S., Aleshkina O.Yu., Krom I.L.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: the analysis of anthropometric characteristics of cardiovascular continuum of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Materials and methods. The study of the leading anthropometric predictors in the long-term prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease is based on the results of observation of 238 patients of both sexes of working age who are undergoing treatment for coronary heart disease in hospitals of Saratov. Anthropometric parameters included in the study of respondents with coronary artery disease, were measured by the common method of V. V. Bu-nak. The received data were processed by standard methods of mathematical statistics. Results. During the research of anthropometric characteristics of respondents with CHD, male, it was found that the average length of the patient's body up to 50 years is of 175,0±1,2cm, aged 51-55 years, is 172,0±0,7cm, age 55 is 175,0±0,9cm. In the process of study it is found that the dynamics of clinical, instrumental and anthropometric indicators for the period of observation is of the predictive value. Conclusion. The analysis of anthropometric predictors, including morphological characteristics and the human body type make it possible to objectify distant prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease.

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Training of doctors at the department of normal anatomy of the Saratov university during World War I.

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №3 Pages: 354-359
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yu., Gladilin Yu.A., Fomkina O.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents the data concerning the organization of department of Normal Human Anatomy at the Saratov University and its work during the period from 1909 to 1916.

Keywords: -
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The interrelation between length parameters of the proximal phalanges and the middle and distal phalanges of the 2-5th fingers

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №3 Pages: 247-249
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Short message
Authors: Bikbaeva T.S., Aleshkina O.Yu., Nikolenko V.N. Fomkina O.A.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the volume and direction of correlations of length of the proximal phalanges of the 2-5th fingers of the hand with osteometric parameters of phalanges of like fingers. Material and Methods. The length of proximal, medium and distal phalanges, as well as the width and height: the bases, body and heads (distal tuberosity) phalanges of fingers of the hand were studied on 150 skeletons of adult men and women hands at the age 21-90 years old. Results. The correlation between the length of proximal phalanges and pulse- high-rise parameters of proximal, medium and distal phalanges of 2-5th fingers of hand was determined. Conclusion. The length of the proximal phalange forms a different strength and direction of the correlation. The lengths of the proximal phalanges have a positive direction of moderate strength with all parameters of middle phalanges and the average degree of correlation with the length of the distal phalanges, the width of its base and the body.

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Personnel of human anatomy department of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky as the participants of the Great Patriotic War

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №1 Pages: 011-015
Heading: 70 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War Article type: Short message
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yu., Zaichenko А.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article provides evidence on participation of assistants who worked at the Department of Human Anatomy of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky and took part in the Great Patriotic War.

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Variability of morphometric parameters of feet in various forms of lower extremities

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 600-603
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Konnova O.V., Aleshkina O.Yu.l, Nikolenko V.N.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to identify the various forms of lower extremities variability of linear and angular parameters of feet in girls aged 17-19 years. Material and Methods. The object of the study included 242 students from Saratov State Medical University, 17—19 years. Foot digital plantography photometric device-software complex «Plantvizor» and measuring distances between sibling points of lower extremities to highlight their forms have been used as a method of research. Results. 8 forms of lower extremities, among which half per cent occurs in isolated form, valgus-direct from the mil-lennim clearance opening and a trapezoidal shape of lower extremities varus. In all forms of lower extremities morphometric parameters of feet and ratio of statistically significant differences in various forms of lower extremities have been studied. Conclusion. Anatomical basis for operational adjustment of axial disorders of tibiae and its influence on morphofunctional state of foot can be resulted from the study.

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