Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Aleshkina O.Yu.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky Head of Department of Human Anatomy, Professor, Doctor of Medical Science

Determination of the projection of the front sinus in the preoperative period

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №4 Pages: 839-842
Heading: Otolaryngology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kuchmin V.N., Mareev O.V., Mareev G.O., Aleshkina O.Yu., Afonina O.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to create an easy-to-use method for determining the parameters of the frontal sinus in the preoperative period for more effective and safe surgical treatment of the patient. Material and Methods. An algorithm for obtaining parametric projections of the frontal sinus, based on computed tomography of the head. Results. A parametric model of the frontal sinus with indication of its boundaries, wall thickness and depth was constructed on the basis of high-resolution computer tomograms. Using reference points and data of computer tomograms, a stencil of the frontal sinus was formed with its subsequent fixation on the front surface of the forehead, which can be a guide when choosing the optimal place for trepanation in surgical practice. Conclusion. The proposed method allows in the absence of expensive equipment, minimal costs and the need for personnel training to obtain an accurate parametric projection of the frontal sinus, containing the necessary information about the thickness of its walls and depth.

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To the 175th birth anniversary of Professor D. N. Zernov

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №3 Pages: 725-729
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type:
Authors: Nikolenko V.N., Shvedavchenko A.l., Oganesyan M.V., Aleshkina O.Yu., Fomkina O.A., Aliyeva F.F.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

In 2018 the foundation of the medical faculty of the Imperial Moscow University (presently I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University) turned the 260th anniversary. The name of Dmitry Nikolaevich Zernov is among the brightest names of Moscow University. In May 1869, D. N. Zernov was approved as an Associate Professor of the faculty of medicine for teaching anatomy and lecturing for students. D. N. Zernov made a significant contribution to the formation of the department of anatomy at our University, both in the development of new scientific directions, and in the formation of a productive educational process. D. N. Zernov paid special attention to the teaching process. Professor»s research interests combined with his undeniable talent as an organizer.

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Variability of linear parameters of frontal sinuses in adults

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 302-305
Heading: Human anatomy Article type: Original article
Authors: Mareev O.V., Aleshkina O.Yu., Mareev G.O., Kuchmin V.N., Afonina O.I., Kapustina N.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to identify the variability of frontal sinuses size patterns divided by sex and age in adults. Material and Methods. 83 X-ray computer tomograms of the head of adults without any signs of paranasal sinuses pathology and without traces of surgery on the external structures and internal nose in the history were studied. Results. It has been found the best pneumatized frontal bones in males; the rapid growth of the frontal sinuses occurs more in men in the 1st age group, whereas in women, the formation of the frontal sinus is smoother and more uniform during the whole life. Conclusion. Men have depth prevailing characteristics of frontal sinuses in the 1st age group and the width on the left side in the 2nd age group differing significantly in comparison to women group; height of the sinus in men decreases with age, whereas in women it does not change its value significantly; bilateral values for the parameters of the frontal sinus do not have reliable sex and age differences.

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The role of museum of Department of Human Anatomy in the educational process

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 97-100
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Bugaeva O.I., Aleshkina O.Yu., Bikbaeva T.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article contains information on the history of the formation of the fundamental educational and scientific museum of Human Anatomy department of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. The main collections of the fund of anatomy museum are presented. Features of registration and registration of anatomical preparations, as well as the purpose of their exposure, are described. The importance of the museum in the educational and scientific process of the department of human anatomy is considered.

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Organization of educational process at the department of human anatomy of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 306-308
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Bugaeva I0, Aleshkina OYu, Chernenkov YuV, Bikbaeva TS., Zagorovskaya TM.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Human anatomy is one of the basic disciplines in the system of medical education. Knowledge in this area is necessary for the development of related theoretical subjects and constitutes a basis for studying clinical disciplines. Therefore the priority task of department of human anatomy is qualitative training of students at the modern level using classical and innovative pedagogical and computer technologies, being based on competence-based approach to training. In the article the features of organization of educational process at department of Human Anatomy of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky, within the Federal state educational standard of the 3rd generation which key differences are considered: acquisition by students of cultural and professional competences.

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То the anniversary of Vladimir Nikolaevich Nikolenko

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №4 Pages: 622-624
Heading: anniversary Article type: Short message
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yu., Fomkina О.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted the 60th anniversary of the honored worker of higher school of the Russian Federation, professor Vladimir Nikolaevich Nikolenko.

Morphometrical variability of dental alveoli of mandible in adults

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 110-112
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yu., Rossoshansky D.N., Polkovova I.A., Bikbaeva T.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the morphometrical variability of dental alveoli bilaterally, depending on their position in the alveolar part of the mandible. Material and Methods. The object of the study is to certify 70 cranions with mandibles of middle-aged adults (21-60 years) and 30 isolated mandibles without gender-and age-related characteristics. The objects of the study were taken from scientific cranial fundamental museum collection of the Department of Human Anatomy. For the scientific research Craniometry method was used according to generally accepted craniology process parameters. Dental alveoli on both sides of the mandible were studied. Results. It was established that longitudinal diameter prevails at tooth alveoli of a canine, the first and second premolars, cross diameter on the same side of a jaw at the left — at alveoli of a medial incisor and the first premolar in comparison with its right side. At dental alveoli the left-sided depth is larger of the first molar, of the second molar — the right-sided is larger. Longitudinally cross diameter in the direction from alveoli of front teeth to back ones increases at each subsequent alveolus, since the minimum size at incisors and reaching the maximum size at alveoli of the first and second molars. The largest depth of tooth alveoli is determined at a canine, the first and second premolars. Conclusion. Results of the research of bilateral and individual variability of parameters of tooth cells may be used in practical stomatology.

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Applied physical education and search of innovative forms of teaching students

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №4 Pages: 600-604
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Original article
Authors: Pavlov V.I., Aleshkina O.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to analyze the effectiveness of Internet technologies for learning, assessment and control of the development of theoretical material in the process of physical education of students. Material and Methods. The study involved 453 people: in the study group — 235 students; in the control group — 218 respondents. The method of research is the statistical analysis of performance testing. Results. The academic program, information technology training process and score-rating system of evaluation and control of theoretical preparation of students in the discipline "Applied physical training" have been developed. Conclusion. Proven remote information technology of professional theoretical training of future professionals, and score-rating system of knowledge evaluation are an objective tool for monitoring the preparation of students in physical education.

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Anthropometric predictors of cardiovascular continuum in patients with ischemic heart disease

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №4 Pages: 520-523
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Baleva E.S., Aleshkina O.Yu., Krom I.L.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: the analysis of anthropometric characteristics of cardiovascular continuum of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Materials and methods. The study of the leading anthropometric predictors in the long-term prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease is based on the results of observation of 238 patients of both sexes of working age who are undergoing treatment for coronary heart disease in hospitals of Saratov. Anthropometric parameters included in the study of respondents with coronary artery disease, were measured by the common method of V. V. Bu-nak. The received data were processed by standard methods of mathematical statistics. Results. During the research of anthropometric characteristics of respondents with CHD, male, it was found that the average length of the patient's body up to 50 years is of 175,0±1,2cm, aged 51-55 years, is 172,0±0,7cm, age 55 is 175,0±0,9cm. In the process of study it is found that the dynamics of clinical, instrumental and anthropometric indicators for the period of observation is of the predictive value. Conclusion. The analysis of anthropometric predictors, including morphological characteristics and the human body type make it possible to objectify distant prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease.

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Training of doctors at the department of normal anatomy of the Saratov university during World War I.

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №3 Pages: 354-359
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yu., Gladilin Yu.A., Fomkina O.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents the data concerning the organization of department of Normal Human Anatomy at the Saratov University and its work during the period from 1909 to 1916.

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