Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

adolescent

Health assessment of children and adolescents living in a residential area of production for the disposal of rocket fuel: according to the results of the medical examination

Summary:

Aim: to determine the real prevalence separate nosological forms in the child population living in residential zone installations for the disposal of rocket fuel. Materials and methods. By mobile teams of pediatric physicians there was conducted a comprehensive medical examination of 1621 children in the area of the site location for disposal of rocket engines solid fuel. Results. The surveyed contingent of the most common diseases of the endocrine system, disorders of nutrition and metabolism (21.2% of diagnoses), diseases of the musculoskeletal and connective tissue (19.2 percent), as well as individual symptoms, signs and deviations from the norm by 14.4%. Conclusion. Data indicating the pronounced impact of adverse environmental factors, not identified.

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Prevention of traumatic damage to teeth, soft tissues, jaw in children and adolescents

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 199-202
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Review
Authors: Davydova N.V., Firsova I.V., Suyetenkov D.Ye., Oleynikova N.M.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

We describe the statistics and types of injuries maxillofacial regionin children and adolescents. Recommended preventive measures for different types of injuries depending on the age of the patients. Recommendations on the use of protective devices

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The interaction of public-school teachers with student users of psychoactive substances

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №4 Pages: 857-862
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Original article
Authors: De Castro Rossi L.C., Dalben I., Mangini Bocchi S.C.
Organization: Brazil, Botucatu
Summary:

The increasing and early use of psychoactive substances by children and adolescents represents a challenge to public-health practice. To understand teachers' interactions with student users of drugs and develop a representative theoretical model of such experience this study was conducted. Qualitative study conducted in Sro Paulo, Brazil, with 32 teachers from public schools by means of focal groups and based on the Grounded Theory as its methodological framework. Progressively comprehensive categories converged to three phenomena: Identifying student's users; Feeling powerless in face the challenges of drugs use; Silencing to preserve oneself from a threatening scenario. These phenomena constructed the core category of the experience: Silencing to preserve oneself from a threatening scenario in face of the fragility of rescuing student's users of drugs. The clash between inducing and protective factors in the concrete situations of drugs use was revealed, thus pointing out that the lack of State and social support associated with the user's relation with drug trafficking and violence leads teachers to silence as they feel unprotected in face of a situation surrounded by stigma and prejudice. Coping strategies should include the educators, relatives, health care professionals and government institutions, thus providing ways to prevent and treat use, orientate and reconstruct lives in a process of active participation for all students

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