Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

physical activity

The condition of endocrine system in young men athletes.

Summary:

Aim: to determine the functioning peculiarities of endocrine system of young men athletes. Material and methods. The were examined 84 athletes and 70 cadets of the Marine Academy. The check-up included the following procedures: the ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland, the assessment of hormonal status (determination of concentrations in serum prolactin, cortisol, thyroid stimulating hormone, free thyroxin, antibodies to thyroid peroxidase). Results. It was established that athletes comparing with people not involved in sports, had significantly higher concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone, and lower concentrations of cortisol, free thyroxin. In athletes it was revealed a positive correlation between the levels of cortisol, thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxin and prolactin in serum. Conclusion. High TSH level and relatively low values of cortisol can be considered as indicators of the higher performance of an athlete and be regarded as a reflection of optimal adaptation of the pituitary-thyroid and pituitary-adrenal systems to systematic high physical loads.

AttachmentSize
2014_04-01_902-904.pdf288.82 KB

Optimization technique of the stay of person in the middle-altitude conditions

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 684-686
Heading: Therapeutic exercise, sports medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Borisenko О.V., Khramov V.V., Shpitalnaya V.P., Tolstokorov S.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The objective: In order to improve exercise capacity in the middle-altitude conditions a technique of urgent adaptation with use of the compact device has been developed. Material and Methods. The study included two groups of people involved in mountain tourism, on the move and stay in the midlands, which used (experimental group) and didn't use (control group) the developed technique. Considering the specificity of observations directly on the mountain route, the compact equipment and functional studies (pulse oximetry, spirometry, peak flow, the dynamic measurement of pulse and blood pressure with the calculation of double product index) were used to monitor the experiment. Results. During the experiment changes of the data characterizing positive development of the functioning of human cardiore-spiratory system during the physical activities in the conditions of middle mountains were recorded (peak expiratory flow rate (from 512,86 to 592,86 I / min, t = 2,25, or by 115,6% in the experimental group) and double product index (from 95,66 to 127,09 units., t = 2,41, or by 132,9% in the experimental group). Conclusion. Thus, the offered device and its technique compose an effective scheme of preliminary preparation of cardiorespiratory system to stay in the middle-altitude condition and can be recommended for use in need short-term adaptation.

AttachmentSize
2013-04_684-686.pdf560.68 KB

Functional regulation of movements in rehabilitation of patients with spinal cord injury

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 628-632
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kiselev D.A., Laisheva О.А., Gubanov V.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Russian State Medical University
Summary:

The new therapeutic method of functional regulation of movements (FRM) as a part of treatment course for children with cerebral paralysis was developed. It is an individual technique of consensual work of anatomically remote muscular groups. This approach provides the influence on mechanisms of pathological activity of central nervous system by means of including deep regulating processes representing ontogenetic programs of motor activity. This technique has the advantage of immediate formation of correct motor stereotype and highly individual approach that promotes increase of therapy effectiveness

AttachmentSize
201003_628_632.pdf1.17 MB