Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Smolkin A.A.

Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Neurosurgery of Saratov State Medical University n.a. VI. Razumovsky, Department of Innovation Projects in Neurosurgery and Vertebrology, Junior Research Scientist

Differentiated approach to surgical treatment of patients with rigid posttraumatic deformities of thoracic and lumbar spine

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 772-779
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Shul'ga А.Е., Zaretskov V.V., Bogomolova N.V., Korshunova G.A., Smol'kin A.A.
Organization:
Summary:

The aim: to investigate the outcomes of surgical treatment of patients with rigid posttraumatic deformities in thoracic and lumbar spine on the basis of the comparative analysis of different approaches to the planning of operative intervention management. Material and Methods. A comparative analysis of the results of surgical treatment of 138 patients (main group) with old injuries of thoracic and lumbar spine was carried out with the help of the proposed surgery managing algorithm and 86 patients (comparison group) — without taking the given algorithm into account. The choice of surgery managing in the main group of patients was based on the study of the spinal deformity degree, pain syndrome intensity and life quality indices of patients before and after surgery. Results. In the main group in 122 (88,4%) patients after the surgery spinal deformity correction exceeding 80% was achieved, pain syndrome regressed in accordance with the visual analog scale up to 3 points and less, life quality indices improved up to the level of 0-25%. Conclusion. The application of the proposed algorithm approach enables surgeons to get persistent positive outcomes in the majority of cases.

AttachmentSize
2017_03-2_772-779.pdf1022.65 KB

Towards the causes of secondary post-traumatic deformations of thoracic and lumbar spine

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №4 Pages: 570-575
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Shulga А.Е., Zaretskov V.V., Ostrovsky V.V., Arsenievich V.B., Smolkin A.A., Norkin I.A.
Organization:
Summary:

The purpose of the study is to analyze and systematize main causes of secondary spine deformations forming in patients who had operations due to thoracic and lumbar spine damages. Material and Methods. The analysis of poor surgical results of 155 patients previously operated due to various thoracic and lumbar spine damages has been conducted. All patients had complications associated with secondary spinal column deformations at various time after the intervention. Standard investigation included the analysis of patients' complaints, their previous history, somatic, neurological and orthopedic status. Results. The intensity of spinal column deformation was defined due to the character and level of primary trauma structurally characterized predominantly by unstable damages. However as it has been found in this research the main cause of this complicated pathology lied in the number of tactical and technical pitfalls of primary surgical treatment. Conclusion. Surgical operations due to secondary post-traumatic deformations in most cases are laborious and are accompanied by significant surgical trauma therefore systematization and analysis of the main causes of poor results of primary spine surgery may contribute to the preventive treatment of this type of pathology.

AttachmentSize
2015_04_570-575.pdf456.58 KB

Algorithm of surgical treatment of pain and spastic syndromes in patients after spinal cord injury

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №3 Pages: 297-302
Heading: neurosurgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Ninel V.G., Smolkin А.А., Shchukovsky V.V., Korshunova G.A.
Organization:
Summary:

Objective: to develop an algorithm for surgical treatment of pain and spasticity in patients with consequences of spinal cord injury. Materials and Methods. The basis of the algorithm initiated a retrospective study of results of surgical treatment of 273 patients with pain and spastic syndromes after spinal cord injury, which consistently met neuromodula-tion techniques and destructive surgery. Results. The developed algorithm tested in 166 patients with pain and spastic syndromes provided positive results in 88.6% of cases with spastic and in 80.4% of observations for pain and spastic-pain syndromes. Conclusion. The proposed algorithm allows systematizing neuromodulation methods and so-called «radical» destructive operations in the treatment of pain and spasticity, and thereby improving the results of rehabilitation of patients with consequences of spinal cord injury.

AttachmentSize
2015_03_297-302.pdf498.1 KB

Evaluationof efficiency of methods of neuromodulation in the treatment of spastic syndromes in patients with spinal cord injury

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 639-645
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Smolkin А.А., Ninel V.G., Korshunova G.A.
Organization:
Summary:

Objective: to evaluate the efficiency of the neuromodulation methods and to determine their role in complex rehabilitation of patients with spastic syndromes after spinal cord injury. Material and methods: Based on the study and treatment of 105 patients with spastic syndromes after injury of the spinal cord, electrical stimulation of the spinal cord, epidural drug therapy in combination with electrical nerve stimulation and local hypothermia spinal cord have been consistently applied for the treatment of spastic syndrome. Results: Consistent use of methods of neuromodulation in patients with spastic syndromes after spinal cord injuries are given in 88,6% of cases to obtain positive results. Conclusion: The obtained results allow to estimate efficiency of neuromodulation methods and to determine their role in complex rehabilitation of patients with spastic syndromes after spinal cord injury

AttachmentSize
2014_04_639-645.pdf459.38 KB

Experience of surgical treatment of unstable СII vertebral fractures

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 432-435
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Short message
Authors: V.V. Ostrovskiy, V.G. Ninel, A.E. Shulga, A.A. Smoljkin, E.A. Anisimova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

CII arch fractures are divided into groups according not to anatomical localization, but to the instability degree resulted from the trauma. Effendi et al classification became greatly widespread. |t is based on the same stability criteria, but it is simpler, intelligible and gives the plan of treatment. All the fractures according to this classification are divided into three types: the first one consists in stable fractures in which even in functional images there is no any rough deformation at the level of CII segment; the second one consists in damages with significant angular (more than 11°) or shift (more than 3,5 mm) deformations, that indirectly indicates damage of soft tissue structures, and first of all diskoligamentous complex. The services of the authors of the present classification are also that they were the first who had defined fracture-dislocation of CII arch, attributed it to the third type. Choice of surgical procedure in unstable CII-III vertebral fractures is ventral spondylosyndesis of CII-III carried out by submaxillary approach after the preliminary closed elimination of deformation of upper cervical part of spine. The differentiated approach to the implant choice with an allowance for morphometric data allows to receive adequate decompression of nervous - vascular structures and reliable stabilization of the damaged segment

AttachmentSize
201002_432_435.pdf365.44 KB