Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Review

Medical and organizational issues of patients' preoperative fears management (analytical review)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 686-690
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Review
Authors: Fedonnikov A.S., Katkova A.V., Andriyanova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

 The article deals with the problem of preoperative patient fears. Specific characteristics of preoperative fears and the mechanisms of their occurrence were described. According to the scientific literature analysis the typology of preoperative fears was performed. Within the framework of the author's approach the directions of the following theoretic understanding and practical solutions of indicated problem were presented. They included health managers focusing on interpersonal communication of patient and medical specialist; further analysis of factor influencing interpersonal communication of patient and medical specialist under disease condition requiring surgery; development of psychologically based medical care and postoperative rehabilitation quality indicators.

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The value of tumor markers in prognos-ing the outcomes of treatment of patients with bladder cancer

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 661-666
Heading: Urology Article type: Review
Authors: Ponukalin A.N., Zakharova N.B., Skriptsova S.A., Fomkin R.N., Chekhonatskaya M.L.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University n.a. V I. Razumovsky, Scientific Research Institute of Fundamental and Clinical Uronephrology, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The review analyzes the recent publications of the results of the use of molecular genetic markers of bladder cancer (RMP) in clinical practice. The prospects of application of a series of molecules determined in tumor tissue, serum, urine in the diagnosis of RMP are presented. One ofthe most promising areas of finding a marker forthe diagnosis and control of treatment of RMP in recent years are the study ofthe proteomic composition of urine.

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Etiopathogenetic aspects of development of a microbial eczema

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 651-656
Heading: Skin Diseases Article type: Review
Authors: Tlish M.M., Popandopulo Е.К.
Organization: Kuban State Medical University
Summary:

The relevance of studying of an etiology and pathogenesis of a microbial eczema is caused by the fact that it is one of the most widespread chronic dermatosises which exerts stress impact and leads to essential restrictions in all spheres of activity of the person. In the last decade earlier beginning of a dermatosis, the increasing weight, synchronization of a current with a frequent long recurrence, the considerable distribution of skin pathological process and also formation of resistance to the standard methods of therapy is noted. The data of the Russian and foreign authors concerning the main questions of an etiology and a pathogenesis of a microbial eczema are presented in the review. The epidemiology of this pathology in population is described. Connection of a microbial eczema with influence of microorganisms, violation of work of digestive tract, is analyzed by an angiopathy, pathology of endocrine and nervous systems; changes of the immune answer are noted.

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The methods of deep periprosthetic infection diagnostics in the area of knee joint

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 607-610
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Shpinyak S.P., Babushkina I.V., Maksyushina T.D., Galashina E.A., Chibrikova Yu.A., Bondarenko A.S., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The data on the methods and promising areas of investigations potent to improve diagnostic tactics in patients with infectious complications after total knee replacement is presented.

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The epidemiology of spine and spinal cord injuries

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 592-595
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Tolkachev V.S., Bazhanov S.P., Ulyanov V.Yu., Fedonnikov A.S., Ninel V.G., Salikhu Kh., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article contains domestic and foreign data reflecting epidemiological peculiarities of traumatic injuries of spine and spinal cord, their character and incidence among various population groups with respect to gender and age parameters. The study outlines spine and spinal cord injury structure with regard to modern classification schemes, introduces injury incidence data, specifies indexes of lethality in spine and spinal cord injuries.

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Chronic non-specific back pain: patho-genetic substantiation of manual therapy

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 570-574
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Medentsov V.A., Komleva N.E., Goncharenko I.M., Danilov A.N., Chekhonatskiy A.A.
Organization: Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Hygiene
Summary:

We presented the review of data from MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL on the mechanisms of therapeutic activity of manual therapy, as well as on studied tissue and systemic responses, and the elaborations on the issue of manual treatment choice in chronic non-specific back pain.

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Historical dynamics of social and role interaction between a doctor and a patient

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 549-552
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Katkova A.V., Andriyanova Е.А., Ulyanov V.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents social and role peculiarities of professional interaction in the system "doctor— patient" in the retrospective, various factors influencing the downfall in the social significance of doctor role at the present stage of medicine development from the point of view of a number of theoretical approaches. On the basis of literature review we outlined the necessity of medical sociological investigation for the study of professional practices in medical institutions with various social and role structure and indicated the importance of the development of medical and sociological tools for the assessment of interaction efficiency stipulated by the impact of social and role factor. was performed in the following databases: Web of Science, CyberLeninka, PubMed.

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The aspects of minimally invasive surgery of forefoot static deformities

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 540-545
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Imamov A.M., Norkin I.A., Voskresenskiy O.Yu., Emkuzhev O.L., Muradaliev K.M., Zotkin V.V., Zubavlenko R.A.
Organization:
Summary:

The review illustrates various approaches to the potential of minimally invasive surgery in forefoot static deformities treatment. We demonstrated that methods aimed at the performance of nonlocking wedge osteotomy of first metatarsal bone and of proximal phalanx of big toe with preservation of cortex wedge contralateral to the base as well as of central metatarsal, extending tenotomies of flexors without tendon suture are the base for minimally invasive correction of forefoot static deformities providing orthopedically correct orientation of metatarsal heads under the early full postoperative load on the foot and preventing excessive dislocation of tendon ends.

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Complex diagnostics and treatment potential of deep implant- associated infection of knee joint

Summary:

The review of open access literature on the issues of complex diagnostics and treatment potential of implant-associated infection of the knee joint area was given in the article. We describe clinical signs, the potential of laboratory diagnostics of deep implant-associated infection from the point of view of sensitivity and specificity as well as main methods of surgical treatment of the pathology.

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2018_3-1_537-540.pdf291.83 KB

Pediatric flatfoot: etiopathogenesis and diagnostics

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 389-395
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Zatravkina T.Yu., Rubashkin S.A., Dokhov M.M.
Organization:
Summary:

Longitudinal flatfoot is heterogeneous group of conditions, characterized by a decrease of longitudinal arch height. In mobile flatfoot, this decrease is dynamic, it occurs under vertical load and proceeds asymptomatically. Specialists should pay attention to the "pathological" flatfoot developing with pain syndrome or causing severe gait disturbance. The review analyzes the fundamental and current opinions of local and foreign researchers on the development of flatfoot in children. Literatural data of age dynamics of foot development, epidemiology of flatfoot in childhood, the influence of flatfoot on the foot and gait biomechanics and basic diagnostic methods are presented.

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