Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Review

Composite nanomaterials on the basis of magnetic nanoparticles for theranostic application

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 368-371
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Review
Authors: Bucharskaya A.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Literature review is devoted to the use of composite nanomaterials based on magnetic nanoparticles for the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases.

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Principles of the program of enhanced recovery of patients after radical prostatectomy

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 324-327
Heading: Urology Article type: Review
Authors: Pavlov V.N., Tarasenko A.I., Korelov Yu.A., Maksimova S.Yu., Khotko D.N., Khotko A.I.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Analysis of statistical data on cancer incidence shows a high prevalence of such diseases as prostate cancer. The existing methods of treatment of this pathology are efective, but the question of reducing the surgical stress of patients who underwent surgery, reducing the number of complications, early mobilization and early recovery remains relevant. The presented literary review reveals the provisions proposed in the XX century, multimodal strategy «Fast track sur-gery», revealing the tactics of surgical patients throughout the perioperative period. The application of this protocol shows its efectiveness in reducing the duration of hospitalization and early rehabilitation of the considered group of patients.

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Principles of the program of enhanced recovery of patients after radical prostatectomy

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 324-327
Heading: Urology Article type: Review
Authors: Pavlov V.N., Tarasenko A.I., Korelov Yu.A., Maksimova S.Yu., Khotko D.N., Khotko A.I.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Analysis of statistical data on cancer incidence shows a high prevalence of such diseases as prostate cancer. The existing methods of treatment of this pathology are efective, but the question of reducing the surgical stress of patients who underwent surgery, reducing the number of complications, early mobilization and early recovery remains relevant. The presented literary review reveals the provisions proposed in the XX century, multimodal strategy «Fast track sur-gery», revealing the tactics of surgical patients throughout the perioperative period. The application of this protocol shows its efectiveness in reducing the duration of hospitalization and early rehabilitation of the considered group of patients.

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The role of connective tissue dysplasia in aetiopathogenesis of varicose disease and acute varicothrombophlebitis

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 302-307
Heading: Surgery Article type: Review
Authors: Tsarev O.A., Anisimov A.Yu., Prokin F.G., Zakharov N.N., Senin A.A., Kulikova A.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The academic literature review presents the analysis of recent publications which focus on the role of connective tissue dysplasia in aetiopathogenesis of lower extremity varicose vein disease (LEVVD) and acute varicothrombophle-bitis (AVTPh). The ways of predicting the variants of LEVVD and AVTPh clinical course on the basis of analyzing the combination of phenotypic characteristics are examined. Key words: varicose disease, varicothrombophlebitis, connective tissue dysplasia.

Biliary anastomotic strictures after liver transplantation

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 296-301
Heading: Surgery Article type: Review
Authors: Popov M.V., Voskanyan S.E., Dunaev A.P., Bashkov A.N., Maltseva A.P.
Organization: Moscow City Oncologic Hospital N. 62, Imaging Department, State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

The literature review presents the data on a current state of the problem of anastomotic strictures of the bile ducts in patients after living donor liver transplantation, called the «Achilles» heel» of transplantology. The data on the frequency and timing of the development of strictures, their causes and risk factors are given. The role of imaging methods in the diagnosis of this group of complications is shown. Methods for treating biliary post-transplantation strictures are described: antegrade, retrograde, and open. The themes of the prospects of percutaneous and endoscopic techniques and the choice of stricture treatment methods are also touched upon.

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Periodontal disease at cardiovascular pathology

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 246-251
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Review
Authors: Eremin A.V., Lepilin A.V., Lipatova T.E.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the systematic literature review was to characterize existing problem of the relationship between cardiovascular diseases and periodontal diseases on the basis of information analysis of the Russian and English original studies and metanalyses published in open access bibliographical databases such as eLibrary and PubMed the past ten years as a methodological basis for future clinical and experimental studies

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Eradication therapy in children: the choice of the optimal treatment regimen

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 225-231
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Review
Authors: Zryachkin N.I., Ananyeva O.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The review is devoted to the choice of the optimal treatment regimen of eradication therapy in children. Main tasks in the treatment of children with gastroduodenal pathology associated with Helicobacter pylori are eradication of the pathogen, restoration of the damaged mucosa and prevention of recurrence of the infection. A particular importance in the composition of eradication schemes is the choice of antibacterial drugs. The main requirements for anti-Helico-bacter therapy regimens used in pediatric practice are: eradication rate of at least 80 %, economic accessibility, good tolerability with minimal severity of adverse reactions, optimal frequency of admission. An analysis of a number of domestic and foreign studies has shown that insufcient adherence of the patient to therapy, the presence of antibacterial resistance, pathogenicity factors in a number of strains of H. pylori have a negative efect on the efectiveness of treatment and should also be taken into account when choosing therapeutic tactics. Successful eradication of H. pylori in most cases depends on the optimal treatment regimen also has an impact on the result.

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Cardiac remodeling in patients with chronic kidney disease

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 217-221
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Review
Authors: Sedov D.S., Rebrov А.Р.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The duration and quality of life of patients undergoing extracorporeal renal replacement therapy are largely dependent on concomitant diseases and conditions. Cardiovascular disease is a significant complication of chronic kidney disease and a major cause of death in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Cardiovascular remodeling is an independent predictor of the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including those in the dialysis stage. This paper analyzes the literature on left ventricular myocardial remodeling in the late predialysis stages of CKD and in patients receiving treatment with chronic hemodialysis.

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Migraine and epilepsy: comorbidity and problems in diagnostics

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 154-158
Heading: Neurology Article type: Review
Authors: Kalinin V.A., Poverennova I.E., Yakunina A.V., Myakinina A.E.
Organization: Samara State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of this review is to carry out the analysis of published data on comorbidity of migraine and epilepsy. The review is based on results of epidemiological and genetic studies. Clinical manifestations of two diseases are in many respects similar, which sometimes leads to considerable difficulties in diagnostics. Differential diagnosis is based on careful analysis of clinical manifestations, electroencephalography and neuroimaging data. Genetic forms of epilepsy are often accompanied by migrainous headaches. The unity of some pathophysiological mechanisms of epilepsy and migraine predefines comorbidity and directions of diagnostics and treatment for both diseases. Nevertheless, there is a number of questions which demand more precise answers to improve diagnostics and treatment.

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Current state and prospects of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients after burn injury

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 108-113
Heading: Parmacology Article type: Review
Authors: Barsuk A.L., Lovtsova L.V., Nekaeva E.S., Sorokina Yu.A.
Organization: Privolzhskiy Research Medical University
Summary:

The review is devoted to antibiotic prophylaxis of infectious complications in burns. Severe burn injury often results in death. Infectious complications are the most common cause of mortality in these patients. Systemic antibiotic prophylaxis is actively used in practical medicine, but is not recommended by national and international clinical guidelines for the treatment of patients affected by burns. The principles of such prevention have not been developed yet. The data of studies of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis are inconsistent. A number of studies confirm the rationality of use of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in persons on artificial ventilation with severe burns. This approach has been reported to reduce mortality and incidences of pneumonia significantly. There are evidences of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis effectiveness in some surgical procedures associated with burn injury. Studies also demonstrate antibiotic prophylaxis and intestine decontamination combination effectiveness in preventing from complications in burn patients. Besides antibiotic prophylaxis, other pharmacological approaches currently are being developed in order to reduce the incidence of infectious complications in burns. Preclinical studies have shown the effectiveness of statins and topical probiotics in the prevention of burn sepsis in the experiment. The development and implication of early diagnostic methods for infectious complications is one another possible way to prevent severe infections in patients with burn injury.

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