Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Rostov State Medical University

Features of neurovascular confict disposed to neuralgic status development

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 388-393
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Balyazina E.V., Alekseeva N.A.
Organization: Rostov State Medical University
Summary:

Цель: изучить клинические особенности протекания классической невралгии тройничного нерва (НТН) при различных нейроваскулярных конфликтах на основании анализа отдельных симптомов заболевания. Материалиметоды. Обследовано 200 больных в возрасте от 31 до 86 лет с диагнозом НТН, у которых нейроваску-лярный конфликт был верифицирован при выполнении им микроваскулярной декомпрессии (МВД) корешка тройничного нерва. Результаты. Установлено, что в подавляющем большинстве наблюдений в конфликте с КТН принимают участие артерии мозжечка (96 %) и только в 4 % был конфликт с веной. Чем выше частота приступов, тем хуже показатели повседневной активности больного. Чем в более старшем возрасте начинается заболевание, тем короче его продолжительность. Большей продолжительности заболевания соответствуют большая продолжительность последнего обострения и большая частота приступов. Большей частоте приступов соответствует меньшая продолжительность приступа.

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Features of neurovascular conflict predisposing to neuralgic status development

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 278-283
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Balazina E.V.
Organization: Rostov State Medical University
Summary:

Research objective: Study of anatomic features of neurovascular conflict predisposing to neuralgic status development. Materials: Among 200 patients with neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve (NTN), 12 persons taken to the clinic for treatment have been in the condition of neuralgic status (NS). Results: Among 130 patients with trigeminal nerve radix (TNR) conflict with one stem of superior cerebellar artery (SCA) status has been developed in 3 patients (2,15%). At TNR conflict with two stems of superior cerebellar artery (SCA) neuralgic status has been developed in 2 out of 32 persons (6,25%). Three patients out of 9 (33%) being in conflict to TNR where superior cerebellar artery participated from the ventral side and the superior petrosus vein from the dorsal side have been hospitalized with neuralgic status. Two patients (50%) with NS out of 4 with SCA conflict from the ventral side and anterior inferior cerebellar artery from the dorsal side have been hospitalized. Neurovascular conflict of trigeminal nerve radix with two stems of superior cerebellar artery in front and stem of anterior inferior cerebellar artery behind have been found in 6 persons, two of them have been hospitalized in the condition of neuralgic status (33%). The influence upon trigeminal nerve radix has been observed either from the ventral side or from the dorsal one in the rest of 19 patients. Neuralgic status has not been found. Conclusion: The development of neuralgic status is predisposed by the conflict of trigeminal nerve radix with several vessels simultaneously damaging its ventral and dorsal surfaces.

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Bacterial spectrum of urine in staghorn calculi nephrolithiasis

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 714-718
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kogan М.I, Hasigov A.V., Belousov l.l.
Organization: Rostov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to study the role of the bacterial spectrum of urine in the development and clinical course of staghorn calculi nephrolithiasis. Patients and Methods. From 2008 to 2010 in the urological department of Rostov State Medical University urine culture was assessed in 86 patients with staghorn calculi. Mean age was 50,4±5,9 (25-73) years. Results: Most of the patients with staghorn calculus (89,5%) have microbial contamination of urine, which has a high correlation with leucocituria, and the spectrum of microorganisms often has the various bacterial associations, which caused more infection complications during treatment. Conclusion: In the urine urease-producing bacteria, E. Coli, gram-positive organisms, nonclostridial anaerobic bacteria were predominated

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Meconium aspiration syndrome

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 378-383
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Review
Authors: I.O. Bushtyreva, V.V. Chernavsky, A.A. Kolganova
Organization: Rostov State Medical University
Summary:

Pathophysiological aspects of formation and development of meconium aspiration syndrome, as well as peculiaritues of its development based on data from native and foreign literature are studied. Special emphasis is pointed out to possible diagnostic techniques and prevention of syndrome

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Immunological and morphological aspects of diagnostics of Helicobacter pylori infection and Herpesviridae viruses

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 360-364
Heading: Infectious Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: N.G. Dudaeva, V.B. Grechushnikov, I.O. Bugaeva, G.N. Tarasova, T.V. Golovacheva
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Rostov State Medical University, Moscow Central Hospital № 6, Head of Endoscopic Ward
Summary:

100 patients with inflammatory diseases of gastrointestinal tract were examined. Microbial component of inflammation process was detected by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). By means of PCR etiological microbial factor of mononuclear cells in peripheral blood (MCPB) was investigated. Mixtinfication of mucosa membrane of gastrointestinal tract with H. pylori and Herpesviridae in pathology of gastroduodenal area and presence of fragments of microorganisms DNA in PBMC were revealed. This phenomenon may be important in pathogenesis of pathology of gastrointestinal tract and forms the basis for its further investigation

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