Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

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Professor Valeriy Vladimirovich Shchukovsky (to the 70th anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 309-311
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Ulyanov V.Yu., Grishin S.E., Puchinyan D.M., Fedonnikov A.S., Shchukovsky N.V., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article illustrates the life of Professor Valeriy Vladimirovich Shchukovsky and his scientific contribution into the development of separate branches of emergency medicine, namely intensive care of patients with embolism and acute thromboses of large vessels, severe thermal traumas, endotoxemia and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome, traumatic disease of spinal cord and its visceral complications in acute and early periods, reperfusion visceral injuries following its transplantation and patients with coagulopathic hemorrhage.

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Professor V.A. Surat and his contribution to the development of national pediatrics (to the 125th birth anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 306-308
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Zavyalov A.l., Denishev R.R.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted to medical, scientific, pedagogical and public activities of V.A. Surat who was a professor and a head of pediatric departments in Saratov, Alma-Ata and Stalingrad Medical Universities.

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Features of psychoemotional disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis in different clinical and demographic groups

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 151-153
Heading: Neurology Article type: Short message
Authors: Lukina E.V., Chernysheva О.А., Eliseeva V.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to conduct an analysis of psychoemotional disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis, who are not receiving any treatment for these disorders. Material and Methods. A cohort of patients with a reliable diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, according to the criteria of С Poseur, consisting of 163 people, was selected for the research. A four-dimensional symptomatic questionnaire was used to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization (4DSQ) and a self-questionnaire for evaluating the symptoms of fibromyalgia with quantitative measures (WPI, SS, FS). Re-sults. Differences in the average values of the level of distress, depression, anxiety and somatization in patients with multiple sclerosis of different sex, age, with different type of course and duration of the disease are shown. Conclusion. The neuropsychological status of patients depends on the type of course of the disease, the level of distress — from age and sex, the level of somatization —from the age of this category of patients. In the complex treatment of this category of patients it is necessary to use symptomatic treatment in addition to pathogenetic therapy, which has not only neurotrophic and vasoactive effects, but also affects the psychoemotional background of patients.

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The history of the hospital therapy department of the medical faculty in Saratov state medical university

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 109-111
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Yudanova L.S., Rebrov А.Р.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

 The article represents the history of the first Department of Therapy at the University founded in September 1911 and describes the stages of its development.

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Professor M.M. Kirillov (to the birth anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 107-108
Heading: anniversary Article type: Short message
Authors: Shapovalova T.G., Ryabova A.Yu., Shashina M.M.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted to the 85th anniversary of the honored doctor of the Russian Federation, Professor M.M. Kirillov.

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2018_1_107-108.pdf1.49 MB

The role of museum of Department of Human Anatomy in the educational process

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 97-100
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Bugaeva O.I., Aleshkina O.Yu., Bikbaeva T.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article contains information on the history of the formation of the fundamental educational and scientific museum of Human Anatomy department of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. The main collections of the fund of anatomy museum are presented. Features of registration and registration of anatomical preparations, as well as the purpose of their exposure, are described. The importance of the museum in the educational and scientific process of the department of human anatomy is considered.

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2018_1_097-100.pdf1.25 MB

Comparative evaluation of autonomic regulation of circulation in patients undergone coronary artery bypass grafting or correction of acquired valvular heart disease

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 45-49
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Short message
Authors: Kiselev A.R., Vulf K.A., Shvartz V.A., Karavaev A.S., Borovkova E.l., Bockeria O.L.
Organization: Bakulev Center of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky Research Institute of Cardiology, Saratov state university
Summary:

The aim of the research was to study the peculiarities of vegetative regulation of blood circulation in cardiac surgery patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or correction of acquired valvular heart disease (CAVHD). Material and Methods. In this study we included 42 patients (12 women; 63 (57; 67) years), who underwent CABG, and 36 patients (16 women; 58 (47; 65) years) who underwent CAVHD. The synchronous 15 minutes records of electrocardiogram and photoplethysmogram (PPG) were performed in all patients before and after surgery. Time domain and frequency domain measures of heart rate variability (HRV) and index of synchronization between low-frequency (LF) oscillations in HRV and PPG (index S) were analyzed. Results. Most studied autonomic indices did not have statistically significant differences between patients with CABG and CAVHD in the study stages, except for heart rate, which was higher in patients before CAVHD (p=0,013). Conclusion. The values of HRV and index S do not depend on the difference in the clinical status and the features of performed cardiac surgical interventions between patients with CABG and CAVHD.

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Organization of sanatorium treatment of patients with tuberculosis in the Saratov region at the beginning of the 20th century

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 862-867
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Chulochnikov А.А., Zavyalov A.l.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The contribution of society of sanitarians in the organization and establishment of sanatoriums for tuberculosis diseased treatment at the beginning of the 20th century is showed in the article. The efficiency of treatment held in sanatoriums, including good nourishment, koumiss and sun baths is also presented.

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2017_04_862-867.pdf1.73 MB

Inadequate motivation for maternity is the risk factor for a perinatal fetus pathology and a newborn

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 857-859
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Short message
Authors: Panina O.S., Privalova I.V., Chernenkov Yu.V., Pozgaleva N.V., Cherednikova E.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

One of the important social risk factors for the birth of a child with pathology in our time is tobacco smoking, with both mother and father. Goal: assess the formation of motivation for motherhood by questioning women with tobacco. Material and Methods. To carry out the research, we used the "Methods of Investigating Motives for Preserving Pregnancy" according to L. N. Rabovalyuk, N.A. Kravtsovoy; methodology "Motives for the conception of a child" by OA. Urusova. Results. When analyzing the results using the method "Motives for conceiving a child" (OA Urusova), in 45.7% of the women studied, an inadequate type of motivation for motherhood was revealed. An unconstructive motive is the high desire of the subject to have a being that will embody her unrealized dreams and plans. 54.3% of mothers, as the predominant type, have an adequate type of motivation for maternity. In addition, the motives for responsibility for the life of the child, the joy of motherhood, the awareness of the child's own values, the desire to have it for the sake of positive life goals and himself are revealed. Conclusion. Timely detection of inadequate motivation for motherhood and proper prioritization will reduce the percentage of pathological pregnancy, increase the birth rate of healthy newborns.

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2017_04_857-859.pdf229.29 KB

Professor A.G. Ge —the founder of Kazan school of dermatologists and venereologists (to the 175th anniversary)

Summary:

The article is devoted to medical, scientific, pedagogical and public activities of A. G. Ge -professor of Imperial Kazan University, the prominent scientist dermatologist and venereologist of the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, the founder of the Department of Skin and Venereal Diseases and Kazan school of dermatologists and venereologists.

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2017_03-1_689-693.pdf1.19 MB