Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

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Surgical treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with inferior breaks using gas tamponade of the vitreal cavity

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 870-872
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Short message
Authors: Shkvorchenko D.O., Gorshkov I.M., Yukhananova A.V, Khurdaeva A.G.
Organization: The S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution
Summary:

Purpose: to evaluate the efficacy of tamponade of a vitreous cavity with gas-air mixture in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in the lower hemisphere. Materials and Methods. We examined and operated on 52 patients with RRD with the localization of the discontinuities in the lower hemisphere: 30 patients with RRD with involvement of macula and 22 patients with RRD without macular involvement. All patients underwent general and special ophthalmological examination. Standard surgical treatment of retinal detachment finalized with injection of gas-air mixture into the vitreal cavity was performed. Results. In all cases, patients with RRD without involvement of macula and in 27 cases of RRD with involvement of macula there was a full adherence of the retina. In 3 cases patients with RRD involving the macula underwent repeat surgery with tamponade of the vitreous cavity with silicone, after which the retina adherence was finally observed. Close relationship between the improvement of visual acuity in patients 6 months after the operation and reduction in retinal thickness. Conclusion. The obtained results demonstrate the possibility of using gas tamponade of the vitreous cavity in RRD surgery with localization of rupture in the lower hemisphere.

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The 40th anniversary of Department of Clinical Laboratory Diagnostics of Saratov State Medical University

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 696-699
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Gladilin G.P., Zakharova N.B., Nikitina V.V., Ivanenko I.L.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article describes a brief history of the development of laboratory services and gives a modern idea of the importance of laboratory diagnostics in the clinic. The pedagogical, scientific activities and future prospects for the development of clinical laboratory diagnostics of the Saratov State Medical University are presented.

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The history of the development of national traumatology on the example of medical and scientific activities of Saratov Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (SarNIITO) (1950-1980)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 596-602
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Short message
Authors: Ulyanov V.Yu., Grishin S.E., Puchinyan D.M., Fedonnikov A.S., Chibrikov G.l., Norkin I.A., Ilyina E.S., Skobelkina A.V.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of G. V. Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Summary:

We outlined and described basic directions of national traumatology development at the period of 1950-1980 illustrated by the example of Saratov traumatological school, estimated the contribution of SarNIITO traumatologists into this development at the abovementioned period, depicted syna — one of the founders of acute trauma clinics.

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2018_3-1_596-602.pdf1.01 MB

The Department of Hospital Therapy of Medical faculty as a basis for the new departments organisation and teaching staff training

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 473-475
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Yudanova L.S., Rebrov А.Р.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article represents the history of the Hospital Therapy Department at the Saratov State Medical University served as a basis for new departments' organization. The stages of its development are highlighted.

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2018_3_473-475.pdf233.94 KB

Professor Zakharova Galina Nikolaevna (to the 100th teacher's birth anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 470-472
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Tsarev О.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article states the biographical information about Professor G. N. Zakharova, describing her academic contribution into the development of surgery, health care organization and training of academic staff of Saratov Medical Institute.

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2018_3_470-472.pdf369.54 KB

Professor I.Ya. Livshits and his contribution to the development of national neurosurgery

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The article traces the professional path of Professor Lev Yakovlevich Livshits, assesses his scientific contribution to the development of national neurosurgery. The concept of minimally invasive surgical treatment of trigeminal nerve neuralgia, developed by L. Ya. Livshits, allowed developing an original method of puncture surgical treatment of pain syndrome by directed hydrothermal destruction of the sensitive trigeminal root. The concept of "growing radicalism" created by Professor L. Ya. Livshits allowed his students elaborating algorithms for treating severe chronic pain syndromes of any localization and etiology.

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Professor Natalya Grigoryevna Astafyeva (to the birth anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 464-465
Heading: anniversary Article type: Short message
Authors: Erugina М.V., Abyzova N.V., Zavyalov A.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is devoted to the 75th birth anniversary of the Honoured Doctor of the Russian Federation Professor Natalya Grigoryevna Astafyeva.

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Modern approaches to the work of student scientific society at the Department of Hospital Therapy of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky

Summary:

The article describes the perspective forms of the student scientific society sessions. Interdepartmental and inter-university conferences open new opportunities for a comprehensive interdisciplinary approach to a particular scientific problem, broadening the knowledge horizon and facilitating the acquisition of the students' discussion and speech experience. Intellectual game as one of the new active forms of the student scientific society sessions was developed at the Department of Hospital Therapy in order to increase the interest to the discipline "Internal Diseases" and involve new students in the scientific activity of the department.

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Principles of education of students at a highe medical school

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 457-460
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Short message
Authors: Bugaeva I.O., Andronova Т.А., Durnova N.A., Berezutsky M.A., Sheremetyeva A.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article considers the issues of organization of the educational process at the Department of General Biology, Pharmacognosy and Botany of Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky. The most important component of the educational process at higher schools is education. Teaching and educational process at the department is carried out with the observance of the basic principles of didactics. The analysis of the main directions of educational work is carried out: professional, civil and patriotic, moral, cultural and aesthetic, ecological, medical-prophylactic (promotion of healthy lifestyle) and supervision.

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Professor Valeriy Vladimirovich Shchukovsky (to the 70th anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 309-311
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Ulyanov V.Yu., Grishin S.E., Puchinyan D.M., Fedonnikov A.S., Shchukovsky N.V., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article illustrates the life of Professor Valeriy Vladimirovich Shchukovsky and his scientific contribution into the development of separate branches of emergency medicine, namely intensive care of patients with embolism and acute thromboses of large vessels, severe thermal traumas, endotoxemia and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome, traumatic disease of spinal cord and its visceral complications in acute and early periods, reperfusion visceral injuries following its transplantation and patients with coagulopathic hemorrhage.

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