Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after professor V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky of the Ministry on Health care and Social development

Peculiarities of school pathology forming during ten years of education

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №1 Pages: 101-106
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Tepper Е.A., Taranushenko Т.Е., Grishkevich N.Y.
Organization: Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after professor V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky of the Ministry on Health care and Social development
Summary:

Цель: на основе сопоставления показателей выявляемое™ различных нозологии «школьной» патологии у детей, начавших образование в разном возрасте, оценить состояние здоровья в течение всего 10-летнего периода обучения. Материал и методы. В исследование включены 437 детей, разделенных на группы: первую группу составили школьники, начавшие обучение в возрасте 6 лет (п=135), вторую группу — в возрасте 7 лет (п=274), третью — 8 лет (п=28). Результаты. Формирование «школьной» патологии с наибольшей частотой встречается в группе детей, которые начали обучение с 6- и 8-летнего возраста, доказан рост числа заболеваний костно-мышечной системы и органа зрения к окончанию 10-летнего образования. Заключение. Процент здоровых детей, не имеющих проявлений рассматриваемой «школьной» патологии в процессе школьного обучения, сокращается. Требуется поиск новых путей сохранности здоровья молодого поколения и создания благоприятных условий для комфортного самочувствия ребенка в школе

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Constitutional characteristics of zones of prostate structure

Summary:

The research article is devoted to the study of structural characteristics of prostate according to the young men constitution. Materials and methods: 540 vertical and horizontal sections of prostate have been investigated. Results: Size characteristics of prostate have been established in men of different somatotypes

Keywords: somatotype, prostate
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High density lipoproteins as indicators of endothelial dysfunction in children with diadetes type I

Summary:

The aim of the investigation was to study the level of blood high density lipoproteins (HDL) in the groups of children with different course of diadetes type I in order to find out the dependence of course and complications of diabetes on that level. Materials and methods: Blood high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels were investigated in children and adolescents with diadetes type I, depending on the duration of diadetes type I, age, stage of sexual development, the stage of diabetic nephropathy and levels of plasma endothelin-1 (E-1). Results: Decrease in HDL level with increasing duration of diadetes type I in prepubertate patients, higher indices of HDL cholesterol were determined in girls, especially with impaired puberty. HDL cholesterol was higher in diabetic nephropathy at the stage of proteinuria and high level of blood endothelin-1. Conclusion: The revealed changes were considered to cause deregulation of vascular endothelium as a manifestation of the initial stages of endothelial dysfunction

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Ethnic particularities of variability of cephalometric indices and maxilla and mandible dental arches width in young men of east Siberia

Summary:

This paper contains the data about cephalometric indices and mean observations of maxilla and mandible dental arches width in younq men from Krasnoyarsk, Khakassia and Tuva. Ethnic particularities were determined subject to head and face types. The quantity of young men from Tuva and Khakassia who turned to be brachycephals subject to the type of their head was probably significant larger (57.50 4.00 and 67.10 3.32% respectively) than the quantity of brachycephals from Krasnoyarsk. Meanwhile probably significant more young men from Krasnoyarsk (64,28 3,80%) turned to be dolichocephales subject to the type of their head as compared wim young men from Tuva and Khakassia.
As for face types, the quantity of young men from Tuva and Khakassia with leptene faces was probably significant larger (70.00 3.70 and 62.03 4.00% respectively), while probably significant more young men from Krasnoyarsk (90.00 2.40%) had eurene faces

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Experience of studying of formation the morpho-functional status of the population of Eastern Siberia

Summary:

In a review results more than 20-years studying age, sexual, constitutional and ethnic laws of morpho-functional variability of the population of Eastern Siberia are presented. Distinctions between groups of the population on overall dimensions, body composition, proportionality of a constitution are shown. The phenomena secular trend, a phenomenon long living people are studied and influence of ecological factors on the physical status of a growing organism is shown

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