Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Nigeria, University of Benin Teaching Hospital

Impact of interspousal violence and maternal deprivation on a child's mental health: a case report

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 494-497
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Onyriuka A.N.
Organization: Nigeria, University of Benin Teaching Hospital
Summary:

This paper presents a case of an emotionally deprived child with some evidence of child neglect resulting from husband-wife violence and subsequent separation of parents. It also further confirms the long recognized fact that the most successful treatment of growth failure and weight loss due to psychosocial deprivation is restoration of a normal social environment. In particular, it highlights the need for a high index of suspicion and awareness on the part of medical personnel with regard to emotional disorders in children

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Twin birth order, birthweight and birthweight discordance: any relationship

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №4 Pages: 807-811
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Onyiriuka A.N.
Organization: Nigeria, University of Benin Teaching Hospital
Summary:

Background: It is widely believed that in twin pairs, at birth, the first-born weigh more than the second-born but this concept has been challenged. Objective: To assess the truthfulness of this common concept that first-born twins are usually heavier than their second-born siblings at birth. Methods: In a series of 104 sets of live-born twins, the birth weights of first-born twins were compared with those of their second-born siblings, after controlling for gender. Their intra-pair birthweight differences were determined and twin pairs whose birthweight difference was 15% or more were designated as discordant. Results: Twin I was heavier than Twin II in 61.5% of cases while Twin II was heavier than Twin I in 28.9% of cases. Twins I and II had equal birthweights in 9.6% of cases. Comparing the mean birthweight of the first-born-male twin with that of second-born- male twin, it was 2515+427g (95% Confidence Interval, CI=2402-2628) versus 2432 +435g (95% CI=2321-2543) p>0.05. The mean birthweight of first-born-female twin was 2326+445g (95% CI=2214-2439) while that of the second-born-female twin was 2325+501g (95% CI=2197-2453) p>0.05. When the birthweight difference exceeded 750g, the probability that Twin I will be heavier than Twin II was 83.3% (5 of 6). Conclusion: Although the first-born twin was more often heavier than their second-born siblings, either could weigh more or less at birth. The larger the birthweight difference between growth-discordant twin pair, the greater the probability that the heavier twin would be delivered first

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Occupational risk of HIV infection among dental surgeons in Nigerian

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 357-360
Heading: Infectious Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: C.C. Azodo
Organization: Nigeria, University of Benin Teaching Hospital
Summary:

Background: Prevention of accidents and management of exposures in the work environment is an important oc¬cupation health issue. This study objective was to investigate the occupational risk of HIV among Nigerian dental sur¬geons. Methods: This descriptive cross sectional survey of 300 dental surgeons practicing in private and government owned dental centers in Nigeria was conducted from June 2006 to January 2007. Results: Percutaneous injury was recorded among 69.3% of respondents and only 1.2% had Post exposure prophylaxis. Those with abraded skin that will treat patient without additional barrier were 8.6%. Percutaneous injury was positively related to gender, position, additional qualifications (p<0.05). Conclusion: Percutaneous injury is significantly high and low preventive measure at such exposure. Policies, practices, and trainings geared towards protecting and reducing the prevalence of percu¬taneous injury among dental surgeons, and improving post exposure prophylaxis uptake in the event of exposure is a necessity

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Medical Doctors' Knowledge of Dental Specialty: Implication for Referral

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №1 Pages: 140-143
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: C.C. Azodo, O. Ehigiator, A.O. Ehizele, O. Ololo
Organization: Nigeria, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, Jigawa State, Dutse, Rasheed Shekoni Specialist Hospital
Summary:

The research goal is to assess Medical Doctors' knowledge of the various dental specialties and to determine if their past dental experience affects their level of knowledge. Resident Doctors and Medical Officers working in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria were surveyed with self-administered questionnaire in 2008. A total of 142 doctors responded to the questionnaire, giving a response rate of 71%. The female: male ratio was approximately 1:2.5. The designations of respondents were Senior Registrar 21.8%, Registrar 48.6% and Medical Officers 29.6%. The Departments that returned the questionnaire were Internal Medicine 21.1%, Surgery 19%, Paediatrics 15.5% Family Medicine 11.3%, Accident and Emergency 5.6%, Radiology 4.9%, Ophthalmology 8.5%, Pathology 5.6%, Anaesthesiology 5.6% and Mental Health 2.8% The mean knowledge score was 10.1±3.3. (Maximum score =21). Only a small percentage (5.6%) had a good knowledge (scored above 16), 79.6% had a fair knowledge (scored 8-15) and 14.8% had a very poor knowledge (scored less than 8). Doctor with history of previous dental treatment had better knowledge (P=0.03). The knowledge of Medical Doctors about the various areas in Dentistry is presently not satisfactory. Comprehensive care of patients, which includes prompt and appropriate referral, can be optimized by improvement of Doctors' knowledge of dental specialty through seminars and other educational interventions

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