Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

0.1 Hz-rhythm

Oscillatory processes in vegetative regulation of cardiovascular system (Review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 034-039
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Review
Authors: Kiselev A.R., Gridnev V.I.
Organization: Saratov Institute of Cardiology, Russia
Summary:

The research work provides current understanding of the functional organization of vegetative regulation of cardiovascular system. The basic oscillatory processes in vegetative regulation system have been determined, and the information about their functional properties has been generalized. The most significant oscillatory processes are main heart rhythm, respiration and low-frequency oscillations in vegetative regulation of cardiovascular system. The article considers intersystem interactions involving the vegetative regulation of cardiovascular system

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Evaluation of five-year risk of lethal outcome and development of cardiovascular disorders in patients with acute myocardial infarction on basis of 0.1-Hz rhythms synchronization in cardiovascular system

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №2 Pages: 328-338
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: KiselevA.R., Gridnev V.I., KaravaevA.S., O.M. Posnenkova., V.I. Ponomarenko., M.D. Prokhorov., B.P. Bezruchko.,V.A. Shvartz
Organization: Saratov National Research University n.a. N. G. Chernyshevsky, Saratov Institute of Cardiology, Russia, Saratov Branch of Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics n.a. V.A. Kotelnikov
Summary:

The research goal is to evaluate the impact of autonomic heart control indices on five-year risk of lethal outcome and development of cardiovascular disorders in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to study the dynam¬ics of indices in short- and long-term period. 125 patients with AMI (42% female), ages 30 to 83 years, were enrolled in prospective observational study. Observation period lasted 6 years. Control checking was carried out in 1 week, 3 weeks, 6 months, 1 year and then annually. The dynamics of heart rate variability (HRV) and the synchronization of 0.1-Hz rhythms of heart and microcirculation (S) were studied during the first year. Outcomes proved to be death, MI, stroke. Development of acute heart failure Killip 2-4 and indices S < 20% during the first week of AMI (х2 = 10,5, p = 0,005 for the Cox model) played a significant role in evaluation of five-year risk of death after AMI. Sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of index S < 20% during the first week of AMI were 76% and 43% correspondingly. The Cox model showed that indices of HRV and 0.1-Hz rhythms synchronization were not of great value in evaluation of five-year risk of death after AMI. The article concludes that indices S < 20% in patients with AMI possess better prognostic value than common clinical parameters

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Comparison of dynamic of autonomic control indices in cardiovascular system under the treatment by ACE inhibitor (Enalapril) and beta-blocker (Metoprolol) in patients with hypertension

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №1 Pages: 061-072
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: A.R. Kiselev, A.S. Karavaev, V.I. Gridnev, O.M. Posnenkova, V.A. Shvartz, V.I. Ponomarenko, M.D. Prokhorov, B.P. Bezruchko
Organization: Saratov National Research University n.a. N. G. Chernyshevsky, Saratov Institute of Cardiology, Russia, Saratov Branch of Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics n.a. V.A. Kotelnikov
Summary:

The objective of the present research was to compare the influence of Enalapril and Metoprolol on synchronization of 0.1 Hz-regulation of heart and blood microcirculation. 42 patients aged 49±9 years old with hypertension I, II were included in the study. 0.1 Hz-oscillations in heart rate variability (HRV) and blood microcirculation were registered during the passive orthostatic sign while breathing spontaneously. The duration of each test was 10 minutes. Synchronization was estimated as a phase difference between 0.1 Hz-rhythms in heart rate and in filling of blood microcirculation. Quantitative measures of synchronization were also estimated. In addition frequency values of HRV spectrum in LF- and HF-ranges were assessed. Enalapril and Metoprolol had comparable effect on blood pressure reduction. Treatment with both Enalapril and Metoprolol in patients with significant vegetative dysfunction resulted in repair of functional interaction between 0.1 Hz-regulation of heart and blood microcirculation. Enalapril was preferred in hypertensive patients
with prevalence of disorders of vegetative regulation of blood microcirculation. Metoprolol influenced positively on 0,1 Hz-rhythm synchronization in patients with predominance of heart vegetative regulation dysfunction and in patients with sympathicotonia. In patients with hypertension and initially normal level of synchronization of 0.1 Hz-mechanisms treatment with Enalapril or Metoprolol caused functional dissociation. Differentiated approach to the choice of hypertensive therapy should consider individual peculiarities of system vegetative dysfunction. The level of synchronization of 0.1 Hz-rhythms in cardiovascular system should especially be evaluated initially and during the treatment

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