Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

cytochrome Р-450

Association of polymorphism of CYP2D6 and CYP2C9 genes encoding P-450 proteins of cytochrome with arterial hypertension

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №4 Pages: 933-937
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Borodulin V.B., Shevchenko O.V., Bychkov E.N., Kiselev A.R., Reshetko O.V., Posnenkova O.M., Saratsev A.V., Losev O.E.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Gene polymorphisms of cytochrome P-450 CYP2 encoding proteins of cytochrome P-450 are essential forantihy-pertensive drugs metabolism. Purpose: We study the associations of functionally defective allele variants of CYP2D6 gene and CYP2C9 gene with the degree of arterial hypertension (AH). Materials and methods: Samples of DNA of leukocytes of blood of 150 patients with AH without the associated clinical conditions (56% of women) at the age of 20-59
years have been investigated. For the study of polymorphism of genes the pharmacogenetic biochip developed in the Institute of Molecular Biology n.a. V. A. Engelgardt has been used. Comparison of frequencies of occurrence of signs has been carried out on the basis of chi-square criterion. Results: It has been revealed that homozygotes by mutant A1075C, C430T alleles of CYP2C9gene and G1934A of CYP2D6 gene have been significantly more common among patients with hypertension III (p=0.01). Conclusion: The research works on genes of system of P-450 cytochrome have important clinical value for rationalization of pharmacotherapy of hypertension. The increased frequency of occurrence of mutant allele of CYP2D6 and CYP2C9 genes in patients with hypertension III requires special attention to the problem of efficiency and safety of application of hypotensive drugs for the patients.

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Activation of р-450-depended monooxygenases changing immunotoxicity of phosphoroorganic compounds due to their metabolism character

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №1 Pages: 046-048
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Original article
Authors: P.F. Zabrodsky, V.F. Kirichuk, V.G. Lim, I.Kh. Yafarova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Military Institute of Biological and Chemical Safety
Summary:

It was established that the application of the monooxygenase system inductors (MSI) of phenobarbital and benzonal up to acute poisoning of animals by trichlorfom in a dose of 1,0 LD50, metabolized in the organism till production of compounds with higher toxicity caused its immunotoxic properties increase. The experiment was carried out on outbred white rats. the acute dimethyldichlorvinylphosphate (1,0 LD50) poisoning, biotransformation of which proceeded with formation of less-toxic and non-toxic compounds after MSI introduction, caused its decrease of suppression influence on immunity system indices

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