Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research


Clinical features of pneumocystic pneumonia in newborns

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №4 Pages: 962-965
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Bochkova L.G., Ayberman A.S., Gasanova T.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The research goal is to study clinical features and incidence of pneumocystic pneumonia in newborns. The research methods: The research has included 227 newborns with pneumocystic pneumonia: 154 (67,8%) — premature, 64 (28,1 %) — mature with intrauterine growth retardation with body weight from 2232,0 up to 2840,0 gr., and 9 (3,9%) — mature without intrauterine growth retardation. The indication of Pneumocystiscarini has been carried out by means of immunofluorescence with «Pnevmocistofluoskril» polyclonal antibodies by ZAO Niarmedik+, as well as stained by Romanovsky Giemsa technique and by Toluidine Blue. Results: Clinical and microbiological aspects of pneumocystic pneumonia in newborns of different maturity have been studied. The frequency of pneumocystic infection agent separation during the neonatal period has been characterized. Conclusion: The received data have indicated the potential intrauterine agent transmission from mother to infant. The high risk of generalization of the given infection form in newborns has been observed. It has been pointed out that biotopes are the most relevant means in neonatal pneumocystosis diagnostics.

201204-962-965.pdf1.03 MB

Issue of acute respiratory viral infection and influenza A (H^swin) in modern obstetrics

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 218-223
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Salov I.A., Romanovskaya А.V., Mikhailova E.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

Objective: To study the clinical features of the course and outcome of pregnancy accompanied by acute respiratory viral infections and influenza A (HN^win). Methods and materials. 152 pregnant women who suffered from influenza A (H l^swin), acute respiratory viral infections in different duration of gestation. Results. Similar clinical symptomatology of both influenza A (H1N1 swin) and acute respiratory viral infections during the period of epidemic raise of influenza allow to suggest present nosology including pregnant patients with acute respiratory viral infections. Conclusion. In 4 cases the fatal outcome from influenza related to presence of associated pathology and development of the severe form of influenza complicated by acute respiratory and cardiovascular insufficiency, pulmonary edema, and cerebral edema were registered

201202_218-223.pdf279.43 KB

Integrated assessment of inflammatory process accompanying community-acquired pneumonia by means of radiometry

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №4 Pages: 817-822
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Arzhnikov V.V., Lifshits V.В., Parfenyuk V.K., Terekhov I.V., Solodukhin K.A., Kondratjev A.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov State Cardiosurgical Centre, Saratov Hospital MIA, Obninsk Institute of Atomic Energy, Department of Medicine

The purpose of the article is to analyze possibility of active SHF radiometry use for inflammation monitoring in lower departments of lungs. Materials and methods: Analysis of humoral immunity (cytokine, complement and immunoglobu-lin status), angiogenesis, and modifications of extracellular matrix has been made by immune-enzyme method. Serum concentration of IL-1(3, IL-1Ra, TGF-(31, C3 and C5a components of complement system and lg M, lg G, VEGF-A, ММП-13 and TIMMP-2 has been estimated in the research. Intensity of radiation of lungs has been studied. Results: Synchronism of radiation dynamics with molecular markers has been determined. The period of changes of specified mediators is about 2 days. Critical time points of pathological process (3, 6, 8, 11 and 16 days) have been found out. Conclusions: It has been proved that SHF radiation of lungs may be applied in treatment of pneumonia for pathology monitoring

201104_817-822.pdf406.67 KB

. Characteristics Of Hydrogenous Body Media Self-Emission And Its Use For Identification And Monitoring Of Inflammatory Infiltrative Changes In Lower Respiratory Tract

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 558-561
Heading: Military medicine and disaster medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: M.S. Gromov, I.V. Terekhov, V.V. Arzhnikov
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Hospital MIA

The article based on scientific research gives the description of radio-wave investigation of infiltrative processes in the lungs. A new method of studies - trance-resonant functional topography - has been used. Some new diagnostical criteria for identification and specification of infiltrative disease of thorax have been presented and some problems of diagnostics of inflammatory infiltrative changes of lower respiratory tract (pneumonia, sarcoidosis and lung cancer) have been solved

200904_558_561.pdf393.06 KB