Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

epidemiology

Some epidemiological aspects of syphilis infection in the Saratov region (2007-2017)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 715-719
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Original article
Authors: Shnaider D.A., Bakulev A.L., Sherstobitova L.A., Martynova V.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aims: to study the epidemiological aspects of syphilitic infection and neurosyphilis in the Saratov region for the period 2007-2017. Material and Methods. On the basis of statistical materials of the state statistical observation for 2007-2017 the indicators of syphilis incidence are analyzed. Results. The analysis of the data obtained from the state statistical supervision forms during 2007-2017 has shown the decreasing tendency of number of newly reported cases of syphilitic infection. The indicators of morbidity caused by late syphilis and neurosyphilis have increased. The number of regional cases of syphilitic infection with involvement in the pathological process of the nervous system exceeds similar indicators in Russia, and late asymptomatic neurosyphilis prevails among clinical forms. Conclusion. In the Saratov region for the period 2007-2017 there is a decrease in the incidence of syphilis, which is accompanied by an increase in hidden forms of infection and neurosyphilis.

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The epidemiology of spine and spinal cord injuries

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 592-595
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Tolkachev V.S., Bazhanov S.P., Ulyanov V.Yu., Fedonnikov A.S., Ninel V.G., Salikhu Kh., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article contains domestic and foreign data reflecting epidemiological peculiarities of traumatic injuries of spine and spinal cord, their character and incidence among various population groups with respect to gender and age parameters. The study outlines spine and spinal cord injury structure with regard to modern classification schemes, introduces injury incidence data, specifies indexes of lethality in spine and spinal cord injuries.

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losif Karlovich Sukhostav — the pages of his biography

Summary:

 This article presents brief biographical information of I. K. Sukhostav. It describes his scientific and practical contribution to the control of epidemics, and to the development of sanitary health services in the Saratov region.

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Features of epi-demiological situation on HIV-infection in Saratov region

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 489-494
Heading: Infectious Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Sotskova V.A., Shuldyakov А.А., Kolokolov O.V., Abramyan T.L., Potemina L.P., Tsareva T.D., Perminova Т.А.
Organization: Saratov Regional Centre for Disease Prevention and Control of AIDS, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to perform analysis of HIV-infection epidemic in the Saratov region in the period from 1996 to 2015. Material and Methods. Epidemiological and static methods have been used, retrospective epidemiological analysis of HIV-infection progression on the territory of the region has been performed. Results. Excess incidence and prevalence of HIV-infection in the region has been noticed. The main virus routes are injections of narcotic drugs and sexual transmission. From 2009 the persons over 30 years old have been involved in the epidemical process to a greater extent. The increase in the number of women of fertile age among incident cases of HIV-infection has been registered. Increasing incidence rate of HIV-infection among rural people occurred. Conclusion. In the Saratov region, as well as in the Russian Federation, high burden of HIV-infection continues to persist, that imposes more detailed study of the problem.

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Medical and social aspects of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy.

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 453-457
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Velichko Р.В., Osmanov Е.М., Manyakov R.R.
Organization: "Eye Microsurgery" n.a. academician S. N. Fedorov, Volgograd branch, Tambov State University n. a. G.R. Derzhavin
Summary:

The aim of the article: to study the medical and social aspects of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy at the regional level. Material and Methods. The prevalence, structure and dynamics of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy (DR) were analyzed among the population of the Tambov region for a seven-year period from 2010 to 2016 based on statistical compendiums on the main indicators of health facilities and the health of the population of the Tambov region (2010-2016) Russian statistical yearbooks (2010-2016), data from the regional State register of patients with diabetes. Results. In 2016 in the Tambov region, the prevalence of DR in type 1 diabetes is 53.2%, with type 2 diabetes 31.2%, significantly higher than all-Russian indicators, which were registered at 27.2% in patients with type 1 diabetes and 13.0% of patients with type 2 diabetes. Conclusion. The results of the comparative analysis of the level and structure of diabetes and DR indicate a negative trend among the population of the Tambov region, which dictates the need to develop effective and inexpensive methods for preventing the development and progression of DRs and making management decisions based on them.

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Academic D.K. Zabolotny and his contribution to the development of medical science (to the 150th birth anniversary)

Summary:

The article presents biographical data of academician D. K. Zabolotny and his scientific and practical contribution to the fight against plague and cholera, to the research of germ and pathogenesis of syphilis and to the management of preventative disinfection department in Russia.

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Parkinson's disease in Russia: prevalence and incidence

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №3 Pages: 379-384
Heading: Neurology Article type: Review
Authors: Razdorskaya V.V., Voskresenskaya O.N., Yudina G.K.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The results of the regional studies on the frequency of Parkinson's disease (PD) and the incidence of it in Russia have been generalized, the main factors that determine the quality of the estimates of this disease epidemiological indicators have been identifyd. The article summarizes data from 19 original studies on the epidemiology of parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease in Russia published between 2005-2015. Due to the statistical heterogeneity of the primary results computational analytics was not applied to the data; however, data consolidation allowed to perform a trend analysis of epidemiological indicators. The methodological basis of the majority of studies was medical aid appealabil-ity; two of the studies used door-to-door surveys. One of the studies returned questionably low epidemiological indicators obtained from the medical records, and the rest showed the standardized prevalence of 30.0-139.9/100,000 and incidence of 7.63-21.8/100,000 per year. Contribution of Parkinson's disease to the nosological structure of parkinsonism was >61.3%. Estimate of the number of patients with PD in Russia is approximately 210,000 people. Conclusions are made regarding the prevalence of PD in Russia according to the cross-cutting research on the level of indicators in the Western countries. The prevalence of PD by appealability is 2-3 times less than the prevalence in continuous research, both national and foreign. The incidence of PD, demonstrated in half of the studies, is stable from region to region and is comparable with the universally recognized values.

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Epidemiological trends of neurosyphilis in Saratov region

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 259-264
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kolokolov O.V., Bakulev A.L., Kolokolova A.M., Sherstobitova L.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the article is studying the epidemiological trends of neurosyphilis in Saratov region between 1993 and 2014. Material and methods. The forms of state statistical inquiry in Saratov region have been studied. Results. The incidence of syphilis and increase the incidence of neurosyphilis in Saratov region was confirmed. Late manifest forms were predominant. Conclusion. Neurosyphilis is not a rare disease of the nervous system in Saratov region in the past years. Closer cooperation between neurologists and dermatologists is needed.

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Dynamics of the main epidemic indicators of tuberculosis in the Saratov region

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №2 Pages: 289-293
Heading: Phthisiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Danilov A.N., Morozova T.l., Doktorova N.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective; analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators of the ТВ epidemic in the Saratov region during the 5-year period. Material and Methods. The analysis of major indicators of epidemic (morbidity and mortality) in the Saratov region during the five years of observation. In the work a comparative evaluation of the parameters studied with analogical indicators in the Russian Federation was carried out. Results. During the period from 2009 to 2013 situation of tuberculosis epidemic in the Saratov region has positively stabilized. Over the past five years, the mortality rate in the region has decreased, while in the Russian Federation as a whole only on 25%, the incidence of the population in the region fell by 20%. It has been established that the later detection of a tuberculosis process leads to an increase in mortality and maintains reservoir of ТВ infection. Conclusion. In the Saratov region ТВ infection is thoroughly controlled. There is a well-established system for the detection, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of this specific process.

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Syphilis in the Russian army (in the 18 th and 20 th centuries)

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №3 Pages: 556-561
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Review
Authors: Zavyalov A.I., Utz S.R., Morrison A.M., Gajdarov А.Е.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents an overview of the domestic medical literature, reflecting the incidence of syphilis in the Russian army and the Russian military civilians in times of conflict in the XVII — beginning of XX century. The methods of struggle with sexually transmitted diseases and their prevention in the military in wartime and peacetime are present.

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