Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

St. Petersburg State University

Clinical, psychophysiological and psychological aspects of risk factors of periodontal disease development in clinically healthy persons

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 516-520
Heading: Physiology and Pathophysiology Article type: Original article
Authors: O.V. Medvedeva, V.F. Kirichuk, A.I. Kodochigova, M.G. Kucherov, I.N. Nikulina
Organization: St. Petersburg State University, Saratov State Medical University, Penza Regional Children's Clinical Hospital n.a. N.F.Filatov
Summary:

The research goal is to determine risk factors of periodontal disease development, psychophysiological personal types and their interrelations in clinically healthy persons. 47 first-year cadets of St.-Petersburg Military School of radio electronics have been examined. This group of respondents has been chosen by presence of such social stressor as change of place of living (97,9% cadets have arrived in St.-Petersburg from other cities and republics of the Russian Federation) and strict disciplinary conditions. The research has revealed a low level of oral hygiene, cases of mild gingivitis in most respondents. The general mental state of group under study is characterized by raised level of personal anxiety and low indices of reactive anxiety. The examined group has demonstrated anxiety, tension, indecision and lowered stress stability. Clinically healthy persons are more liable to develop inflammatory and inflammatory-destructive periodontal diseases. It was possible to determine psychophysiological features correlated with physiological parameters of risk degree of periodontal diseases. It may have a great significance in defining of periodontal disease etiology and pathogenesis

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