Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Functional and role status of obstetricians and gynecologists in the process of obstetric care.

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 475-480
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Tkachenko L.V., Sedova А.А., Shestakov А.А., Gritsenko I.A.
Organization: Rostov-on-Don State Medical University, Volgograd Medical Scientific Center, Volgograd State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the ratio of obstetricians and gynecologists roles during childbirth. Material and Methods. The questioning of obstetricians and gynecologists in the Volgograd and Rostov region has been conducted. The population was 1181. Sample random N=300. Results. Respondents acknowledge their own responsibility in 98%. Midwives agree that a woman is the main actor in the process of childbirth, but just 52,7% consider that it is necessary to inform a woman of principle for her birthing situations and do not trust its ability to make adequate decisions (52%). Conclusion. Obstetricians and gynecologists consider themselves the main actors of the process of childbirth, although not rule out the usefulness of the participation of other health professionals, respected the autonomy of women in decision-making, but prefer a higher level of confidence on the doctor. The application of advances personalized medicine is considered necessary for 69.7% of respondents, while recognizing their lack of awareness on this issue.

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Manifestations of pathomorphosis at pregnant women with heart diseases

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 233-238
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kazachkova E.A., Kazachkov E.L., Vorobiev I.V.
Organization: South Ural State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to study the structure of heart defects in pregnant women, the features of the medico-social portrait, the course of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in patients with heart defects in the light of pathomorphosis. Material and Methods. A retrospective clinical and anamnestic analysis of the medical documentation of 165 patients delivered in the maternity hospital of the Municipal Health Care Institution of the City Clinical Hospital No. 6 in Chelyabinsk in 1991-1994 was conducted, (group 1)and a prospective cohort study of 168 patients who were delivered to this hospital between 2011 and 2014 (group 2) in accordance with a modified WHO classification for assessing the risk of cardiovascular complications for the mother and offspring, the characteristics of the medico-social portrait, The course of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in patients with heart defects in the light of the doctrine of pathomorphosis. Results. It is established that over the past 20 years, there have been significant changes in the structure of heart diseases, the medical and social characteristics of patients with this disease, complications of gestation, which must be taken into account when choosing the optimal tactics for pregravid preparation, pregnancy in women with heart defects. Conclusion. The significant changes in the structure and frequency of heart defects observed in modern pregnant women with heart defects, in the features of the medical and social portrait of these patients, and also during pregnancy, childbirth and perinatal outcomes, can be treated as pathomorphosis in the clinical (narrow) sense.

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Experience of office hysteroscopy for diagnostics of abnormal uterine bleeding causes in puberty girls

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №3 Pages: 339-343
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Bezhanishvili Е.М., Svinarev M.Yu.
Organization: Saratov Regional Child Clinical Hospital
Summary:

Objective: to prove the role of office hysteroscopy as an important additional method in diagnostics of puberty abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). Material and methods. The study involved 68 patients with AUB. The average age was 13.4 years (10-17 years). The main complaint of patients concerned bleeding from genital tract during 10-45 days (on an average 28.4 days). Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the type of AUB determined based on the level of serum estradiol, physical and sexual development, internal genitalia ultrasound data: 35 hypo estrogenic girls, 24 girls with normal estrogenic and 9 girls with hyper estrogenic type of AUB. All of the girls took the office hysteroscopy. Results. When performing hysteroscopy it was revealed that there were a clear relationship between the degree of estrogenic saturation and visual picture obtained in the course of the study. Conclusion. Hysteroscopy enables maximum visualization of uterine cavity, which allows to verify the diagnosis, to reduce the "over diagnosis" rate of organic pathology, perform a differentiated approach to treatment of diseases, based on determination of estradiol level in serum and data obtained in the study.

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Retrocervical endometriosis: etiology, pathogenesis, classification, diagnosis and treatment

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 138-144
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Review
Authors: Tarlamazian A.V., Stolyarova U.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The review deals with contemporary issues of etiology, pathogenesis, classification, diagnosis and treatment of retrocervical endometriosis on the basis of existing data in the literature on this disease. Among the various forms of endometrial disease incidence retrocervical endometriosis, according to various authors, is 30-34%. The process is characterized by the formation of deep infiltrative lesions, originating from the recto-vaginal septum, without capsules and clear boundaries, extensively localizing, affecting the adjacent organs with the formation of scar-adhesions and characterizing this pathology as a multi-disciplinary (gynecological, surgical, urological). There are many options etio-pathogenesis of retrocervical endometriosis, but none of them fully explains the diversity of forms of expression and localization of this pathology. Particular attention is paid to the influence of immune and hormonal factors on the development of the disease. It is noted that currently there is no single universally accepted by clinicians and morphology full classification of retrocervical endometriosis, and there are no generally accepted standards of its diagnosis. The variants of the treatment of this disease have been considered including hormonal and immunomodulatory therapies.

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Serotonin system in premenstrual syndrome occurrence

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 136-138
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Review
Authors: Rogozhina I.E., Ignatova M.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The review presents the published data on relevance of problem, frequency rate and the mechanisms of occurrence of premenstrual syndrome, the necessity of complex treatment of premenstrual syndrome has been proved.

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Effect of estrogen deficiency on the lipid profile in women in different age periods

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №3 Pages: 396-400
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Neyfeld I.V., Rogozhina I.E., Kirichuk V.F., Kiselev A.R., Zhirnyakov A.l., Bobyleva I.V.
Organization: Saratov Institute of Cardiology, Russia, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the study is to evaluate influence of estrogen deficiency on lipid profile in women of different age. Material and Methods. 189 women with normal body weight: 44 women with premature menopause (aged <40 years), 69 women with early menopause (aged 40-45 years), and 76 women with natural menopause (aged 46-55 years) have been studied. In all women identification of clinical status has been performed during clinical examination. Results. It is shown that increasing age associated with increasing total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) (p<0.05). We have not observed a significant association between age and level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (p=0.117). According with increased age, atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) increases from initial -0.17±0.09 (M±o) to 0.09±0.47 (p<0.05) in women with premature menopause, and to 0.14±0.21 (p<0.05) in other women. Final level of AIP was similar between women aged 40-45 years and women aged 46-55 years (p=0.084). Conclusion. Lipid metabolism disorders were assessed in 73.5% of women with estrogen deficiency. According to the age factor the rate of women with normal lipid metabolism decreases (x2=10,165, p=0.026).

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Ultrasound Diagnostics of Premature Birth

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №1 Pages: 74-79
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Review
Authors: Chekhonatskaya M.L., Vasilevich L.K., Petrosyan N.O., Kolesnikova E.A.
Organization: Clinical hospital n.a. S. R. Mirotvortsev SSMU, Saratov Clinical Hospital № 8, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the article is to analyze the data of native and foreign literature and to consider the modern aspects of ultrasound diagnostics of premature birth, and new additional criteria for early diagnostics and prediction of preterm delivery. Hemodynamic characteristics in the second and third trimesters of the pregnancy have been covered.

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The contemporary methods of patients with intraperitoneal bleeding of genital origin treatment objective efficacy assessment

Summary:

The aim of the article: the peculiarities of the modern methods of treatment efficiency objective assessment in considerable contingent of patients with intraperitoneal bleeding of a genital origin are investigated. Material et metods: The original data of intra- and postoperative medical interventions efficiency are given and analyzed in 78 patients who were operated laparoscopically owing to intraperitoneal bleedings up to 500 ml of blood. Results. Circulating blood volume in these patients was restituted by blood Autohaemoreinfusion together with donors' blood and blood-substituting compounds injection. Red blood cells and hemoglobin content together with heart rate variability indexes were taken as the markers of the patients' organism functional condition and rehabilitation efficacy estimation. One month after miniinvazive treatment in women with acute intraperitoneal blood loss above 500 ml one could see certain sympathetic activation with reciprocal parasympathetic activity suppression together with pertinent activation degree value normalization. Conclusions. The conclusion was made that HRV data analysis allows to make an objective estimation of women with acute genital intraperitoneal bleeding (above 500 ml) treatment efficacy. The last is very important in the prognostic aspect because there are few objective methods of afteroperational state analysis in patients with bleeding of different origin.

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Ultrasound diagnostics of postpartum endometritis

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №1 Pages: 65-69
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Review
Authors: Bratchikova О.А., Chekhonatskaya M.L., Yannaeva N.E.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the article is to present data on diagnostics of postpartum infectious diseases in women in childbirth. The aim of the conducted survey is to study modern ultrasound diagnostic methods of the given pathology.

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Ultrasound diagnostics of miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 652-656
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Review
Authors: Chekhonatskaya M.L., Vasilevich L.K., Kolesnikova Е.А., Petrosyan N.O.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Clinical Hospital № 8, Clinical hospital n.a. S. R. Mirotvortsev SSMU
Summary:

On the basis of the analysis of Russian and foreign literature the modern aspects of ultrasonic diagnostics of miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy have been examined. The attention is focused on the assessment of the extraembryonic structures and provisional organs. The features of Doppler imaging in the assessment of the course of pregnancy in the first trimester have been highlighted.

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