Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Oncology

The analysis of a case rate a skin melanoma in the Samara region for 1999-2009

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 457-460
Heading: Oncology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kozlov S.V., Neretin E.J.
Organization: Samara State Medical University
Summary:

In article one of oncology problems — a skin melanoma is surveyed. The theme urgency proves to be true that annually the case rate of patients with an oncologic pathology is constantly enlarged. One of oncology problems still has a skin melanoma. The work purpose is studying of a case rate by a skin melanoma in large industrial area on an example of the Samara region over the last 10 years. In article one of oncology problems — a skin melanoma is surveyed. For the task in view decision following materials and methods were used: primary registration documentation for 11 years (1999-2009) About for the first time taped disease a skin melanoma, annual reports of the Samara regional clinical oncologic dispensary, annual statistical reports of the State statistical committee, bureau MSE annual reports. At processing and the forecast of results of research following statistical methods — an extrapolation method, model of linear regress were used. Reliability of the taped pattern of dynamics was defined by means of an error of regress with the subsequent definition t and p. The received results testify to growth of a case rate of all population of the Samara region at the expense of the senior age groups. According to the analysis the invalid population is more often is ill. Conclusions are drawn on appreciable influence on occurrence of this pathology occurring in an organism involutes processes, necessity of carrying out of sanitary-educational work, carrying out of additional profound inspection among the population with high level of a case rate

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Retrospective analysis of follow-up results in patients with skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 115-118
Heading: Oncology Article type: Original article
Authors: Tarasov V.V.
Organization: Saratov Military Medical Institute
Summary:

Administration of specific chemotherapy (cytostatics) has great significance in the treatment of skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy. The research goal is to study follow-up results of cytostatic therapy of skin lymphomas. Retrospective observation of survival of patients with T-cell epidermothropic skin lymphomas using special therapy and without its use has been studied. Comparative analysis of survival rate in two groups of patients has been done. 40 patients received cytostatics and 32 patents were not treated by chemotherapy. The first group of patients showed the reduction of survival level and increase of mortality level from skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy. The research findings proved the influence of cytostatic therapy on the survival of patients with skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy

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SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL REHABILITATION TECHNOLOGIES OF PATIENTS WITH SYNCHRONOUS MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS

Year: 2007, volume 3 Issue: №4 Pages: 107-111
Heading: Oncology Article type: Original article
Authors: G.A. Bluvstein, E.N. Kurochkina, O.N. Kurochkina
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Social and psychological problems of complex rehabilitation of patients with synchronous malignant tumors are not solved yet and require the futher scientific work. The purpose of our investigation was the study of life quality of the ginen patients category, using the adapted questionnaire FAGT-G (The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General). The analysis of the data has shown that 30% of patients with synchronous polyneoplasia have problems in psychoemotional sphere. These data are confirmed by the scale of depression results and by peculiarities of the psychological reaction to diseases. That’s why the correction of psychoemotional condition is an important component in modern social technologies. The practical realization of social technologies of rehabilitation is the program of complex rehabilitation of patients. The construction of such program of complex rehabilitation of patients with synchronous malignant tumors will consider all possible ways of improvement of patint’s quality and adapt to the new conditions of vital activity.

Keywords: rehabilitation

SPECIFIC FEATURES IN DIAGNOSING MULTIPLE PRIMARY SYNCHRONOUS MALIGNANT MAMMARY NEOPLASMS

Year: 2007, volume 3 Issue: №4 Pages: 102-107
Heading: Oncology Article type: Original article
Authors: T.N. Popova, T.D. Selezneva
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Research objective: to clear up the specific features in diagnostics and the reasons for introduced errors in diagnosing multiple primary synchronous malignant neoplasms with one of their localization in a mammary gland.
Sources and methods: The present research is based on medical histories and questionnaires of 92 patients (1 group and control group) suffering from synchronous multiple neoplasms.
Results: It was found out that at multiple primary processes the primary neoplasms (tumors) are usually located in a mammary gland (89.1 ± 3.2%); their presentation is asymptomatic on the one third of patients (31.9 ± 4.1%); those tumors are usually detected by the patients (68.5 ± 4.8%).
The second and the following tumors are localized in a mammary gland (56.4 ± 5.2%) and a thyroid gland (26.1 ± 4.6%) in most cases. The presentation of a tumor is not usually clinically significant on the half of the patients (50.0 ± 5.2%); that is why a tumor is not usually detected on 23.9 ± 4.4% of the patients at medical examination.
The reasons for overlooked tumors: 1) incomplete medical examination of patients (54.5 ± 5.2%); 2) low skill level of doctors responsible for medical examination (27.3 ± 4.7%); 3) difficulties at conducting clinicopathologic diagnostics (18.2 ± 2.8%).

Keywords: cancer