Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Orenburg State Medical University

Actual nutrition and food status of children with alimentary-dependent pathology

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 333-337
Heading: Hygiene Article type: Original article
Authors: Setko A.G., Mryasova Zh.K., Terekhova E.A., Tyurin A.V.
Organization: Orenburg State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to study the actual nutrition and nutritional status of children with nutritional-dependent pathology. Material and Methods. The object of the study was 100 children aged 3–11 years, with a clinical diagnosis of alimentary-dependent pathology (functional dyspepsia (K30) and chronic gastritis (K29.3-K29.5)). Evaluation of the actual nutrition of children was carried out in organized children»s groups questionnaire based on 24-day reproduction of food. Nutritional status was assessed by the Quetelet index, physical development was assessed by somatometric indicators (height, body weight, chest circumference) using centile tables with and harmonious physical development. Results. Child nutrition is characterized by excessive energy value, increased content and imbalance of macro- and micronutrients. At the same time, 12 % of children have excessive nutritional status, 14.8 % have disharmonious physical development due to very low body weight (7.4 %). Conclusion. As a result of the study, data were obtained characterizing the nutrition of children as irrational and inadequate, leading to changes in nutritional status and physical development.

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Characteristics of the fetal hyaloid artery in the intermediate fetal period of human ontogenesis

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 931-933
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Naidenova S.I., Lutzai E.D., Astafyev I.V.
Organization: Orenburg State Medical University
Summary:

Abnormality of hyaloid artery reverse development leads to opacity of eyeball transparent media and formation of congenital cataracts. Purpose of the study was to identify individual, age, sex differences and the growth rate of the hyaloid artery of fetuses artery in the intermediate fetal period prenatal ontogenesis with the help of intravital ultrasound imaging method. Material and Methods. The object of the study were 100 fetus eyeballs at the age of 16-27 weeks of prenatal ontogenesis. The study was performed on Samsung HS 70 (A) by a microconvex sensor 5-9 MHz. All objects were divided into age groups (the first group: 16-19 weeks, the second group: 20-23 weeks and the third group: 24-27 weeks). Of these, 50% are male, 50% are female. Results. The length of the hyaloid artery in the fetuses in the intermediate fetal period of prenatal ontogenesis was studied by ultrasound in vivo imaging. It averaged in the first group 44±09 mm, the second is 5.4±0.6 mm, the third 8.5±0.8 mm. Bilateral differences were not detected. Differences in growth rates of male and female fetuses are revealed. Conclusion. The length of the hyaloid artery can be studied by in vivo imaging. The hyaloid artery has no pronounced bilateral and sexual differences. Differences in growth hyaloid artery in fetuses of different sex, which was a uniform increase in its length in female fetuses and heterochronic growth of the fetuses is male.

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Analysis of the structure of oncological diseases of the eye, ad-nexa and orbit (according to the data of 2nd ophthalmological department of the Orenburg Regional Clinical Hospital No.1)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 894-897
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Aprelev А.Е., Abdulgazizova Z.F., Zakirova I.I., Aprelev А.А.
Organization: Orenburg State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to analyze incidence of neoplasms of the eye, ocular adnexa and orbit of the inhabitants of the Orenburg region in 2017 Material and Methods. The article presents an analysis of archival material from 123 case histories in patients with neoplasms of the eye and its adnexal apparatus, who were treated in 2nd Ophthalmology Department of the State Budgetary Health Institution "OOKB No.1". The case histories were analyzed consecutively. Results. Data on the prevalence (63.4%) of malignant neoplasms of the eye in women of retirement age were obtained. According to pathology, eyelid basalioma was most common — 67.3% followed by choroid melanoma — 23.6%. The localization frequency of neoplasms is as follows: malignant neoplasm of the conjunctiva 4.4%, benign neoplasm of the conjunctiva 12.9%, malignant neoplasms of the eyelid skin, including eyelids commissure 56.5%, benign neoplasms of the eyelid skin, including eyelids commissure 31.5%, choroid malignant neoplasms 30.4%, benign choroid neoplasms 3.7%, benign neoplasms of cornea 9.3%, malignant orbital tumors 8.7%, benign tumors of the orbit 42.6%. Conclusion. Women of retirement age need to be screened for malignant eye tumors.

Keywords: adnexa, eye, oncology, orbit
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Effectiveness of neure-protective therapy in patients with glaucoma

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 828-831
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Case report
Authors: Aprelev А.Е., Barbos Yu.A., Mukhanko I.Zh., Cherednichenko N.L., Abdulgazizova Z.F., Kataganova A.A., Bernovskaya A.A.
Organization: Mineralovodsky district hospital, Orenburg Regional Clinical Hospital, Orenburg State Medical University, Regional Clinical Diagnostic Center in Stavropol City, Stavropol Regional Clinical Hospital, Stavropol State Medical University
Summary:

The results of clinical evaluation of three patients who were included in the multicenter study of the
effectiveness of neuroprotective treatment and its impact on the quality of life of patients with POAG are
presented in the article. Dynamics of visual acuity, intraocular pressure, total visual fields, photostress
test, contrast sensitivity and quality of life (according to the NEIVFQ-25 questionnaire) in patients
treated with neuroprotective study drug with 10 intramuscular injections administered 5mg once a day
are presented. Data on the improvement of visual functions and quality of life in patients with Stage I, II
and III of POAG who had undergone treatment with the study drug are demonstrated.

Keywords: quality of life
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Adaptation to periodic pressure chamber hypoxia and its influence on systolic and diastolic functions in chronic heart failure

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 247-251
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Dmitrieva М.К.
Organization: Orenburg State Medical University
Summary:

Research objective is to determine the influence of adaptation method to periodic pressure chamber hypoxia on dynamics of systolic and diastolic functions of myocardium in patients with early stages of chronic heart failure. Materials and Methods: 100 men with post-infarction cardiosclerosis at the age of 40-65 years with I and IIA stages and l-ll functional classes (NYHA) of chronic heart failure have been examined. Results: Positive dynamics of systolic and diastolic cardiac functions and other parameters of echocardioscopy under the influence of the hypoxic therapy in comparison with classical physical rehabilitation have been obtained. Furthermore, a more significant effect has been observed in patients with CHF IIA. Conclusion: Improvement in the geometry of the heart has proved that adaptation method to periodic pressure chamber hypoxia could be recommended for rehabilitation of patients with heart failure of early stages.

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Features of neurological and neuropsychological changes in the initial stages of encephalopathy in patients with idiopathic epilepsy

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №4 Pages: 870-874
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Burdakov V.V. Gumalatova N.V.
Organization: Orenburg State Medical University, Municipal health clinic Municipal Clinical Hospital № 3, Orenburg
Summary:

Aim. The study was undertaken to identify the features of neurological and cognitive changes in idiopathic epilepsy based on neurological and neuropsychological research. Methods. A total of 105 patients with idiopathic epilepsy at the age of 16 to 45 years. In orderto identify features neuropsychological disturbances, all patients were systematized by the nature and frequency of seizures. Results. As a result of the work identified major the nature neurological and neuropsychological symptoms and syndromes of primary stages of encephalopathy in patients with idiopathic epilepsy

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PROPHYLAXIS OF INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH BURNS

Year: 2007, volume 3 Issue: №4 Pages: 133-137
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: A.M. Gurianov
Organization: Orenburg State Medical University
Summary:

Prophylaxis of infection in the case of burns includes a number of surgical and antiepidemic precautions, including the use of antibiotics. Unfortunately, antibiotics are often causing allergic reactions, dysbacteriosis and contribute to appearance of antibiotic resistant strains of microorganisms. In this article the results of treating of 190 patients with thermal burns are described. In order to prevent pyoinflammatory complications, 100 patients from the total of 190 ones were given the medicine “Sporobacterin fluidum” and 90 patints of the same 190 ones were given antibiotics. The medical effect of “Sporobacterin fluidum” is based on translocation of Bacillus subtilis from the bowels into the wound when they produce antibiotics, enzymes, immunomodulator.
It is found out that derangements, which appear after burns lead to dysfunction of all organs and systems, buildup of intoxication and change of the composition of biocenose of intestines. The research results prove that “Sporobacterin fluidum” is an effective medicine for prophylaxis of infectious complications and contributed to correction of biocenose of intestines, reduction intoxication and cutting down the period of wound healing and period of in-patient treatment of burnt.

THE EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL RESEARCH ABOUT NEW METHOD OF PROBIOTIC “SPOROBACTERIN LIQUID” APPLICATION FOR SURGICAL INFECTION PREVENTING TREATMENT USING THE METHOD OF TRANSOSSEOUS OSTEOSYNTESIS

Year: 2007, volume 3 Issue: №4 Pages: 93-98
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: D.V. Alimov, A.A. Safronov, M.B. Litvak, S.A. Nemolyaev, H.M.F. Sakalla
Organization: Orenburg State Medical University
Summary:

The scientific research deals with the application of probiotic “Sporpbacterin liquid” as method for preventive treatment of the infectious complications using the method of transosseous osteosyntesis.