Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

Professor I.Ya. Livshits and his contribution to the development of national neurosurgery

Summary:

The article traces the professional path of Professor Lev Yakovlevich Livshits, assesses his scientific contribution to the development of national neurosurgery. The concept of minimally invasive surgical treatment of trigeminal nerve neuralgia, developed by L. Ya. Livshits, allowed developing an original method of puncture surgical treatment of pain syndrome by directed hydrothermal destruction of the sensitive trigeminal root. The concept of "growing radicalism" created by Professor L. Ya. Livshits allowed his students elaborating algorithms for treating severe chronic pain syndromes of any localization and etiology.

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Professor Valeriy Vladimirovich Shchukovsky (to the 70th anniversary)

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 309-311
Heading: Scientific schools and memorable dates Article type: Short message
Authors: Ulyanov V.Yu., Grishin S.E., Puchinyan D.M., Fedonnikov A.S., Shchukovsky N.V., Norkin I.A.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article illustrates the life of Professor Valeriy Vladimirovich Shchukovsky and his scientific contribution into the development of separate branches of emergency medicine, namely intensive care of patients with embolism and acute thromboses of large vessels, severe thermal traumas, endotoxemia and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome, traumatic disease of spinal cord and its visceral complications in acute and early periods, reperfusion visceral injuries following its transplantation and patients with coagulopathic hemorrhage.

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Monitoring of internal diseases dissemination (digestive disorders)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №4 Pages: 772-776
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova T.P., Shuldyakov V.A., Tyultyaeva L.A., Chernenkov Yu.V., Alipova L.N., Sadjaya L.A.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov Institute of Cardiology, Russia
Summary:

The most important forms of digestive pathology have been analyzed in a large industrial center for 16 years. Development of fragment of the phase portraits in a multidimensional space on the planes of «time dependence of the parameter — rate of its change» allowed forming prognosis for further course of specific nosology form of gastrointestinal tract lesion and optimizing treatment tactics

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Obliteration of serrated sutures of a human skull (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 567-572
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Review
Authors: Zaichenko A.A., Kochenkova О.V., Anisimova Е.А., Anisimov D.I., Lukin О.Yu.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

The review presents information on obliteration of serrated sutures of a human skull. It considers the age-specific variability and sexual dimorphism. The causes of craniostenosis and dependence of cranial form on degree and type of craniostenosis are described

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Complexity of serrated sutures of a human skull

Summary:

Objective: to reveal the variability mechanism of complexity of serrated sutures of a human skull in the correlation with cranial form. Materials and methods. Researches of 253 arches of male and female skulls of patients at the age of 1 day-105 years without signs of cranial trauma or skeletal systemic diseases with absence of morphological signs of increase of intracranial pressure. Minimal (Min) and maximal (Max) values, average arithmetic (M), a mistake of average arithmetic (m) have been studied. For definition of reliability of average size difference parametrical and non-parametric statistical criteria were used: parametrical criterion (t-criterion of Student) applied for parameters submitting to the law of normal distribution (Lakin G. R, 1990). Distinctions of average arithmetic size were considered statistically authentic from 95% (p

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Criteria of medical care evaluation in daily in-patient department in pediatrics

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 361-368
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Shigaev N.N., Grozdova T.U.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Summary:

The research goal is to work out criteria for the evaluation of medical care quality. Materials included 386 medical cards of daily in-patients, 216 medical cards of in-patients; 602 cards of analysis of case histories; 4 computer data bases. Methods of mathematical statistics were successfully used in the study. The comparative method of data analysis was applied to the research work. Intensity of medical care in values from 0,1 to 0,5 conditional units corresponded to requirements of criterion of estimation of medical care quality. Parameters of medicinal treatment were close to the standards of treatment in interval from 44,4 to 100%, as criterion of quality of medical care. Specific weight of apparatus and instrumental researches constituted an interval from 7, 4% to 22, 6%, forming corresponding criterion. Interval of effectiveness according to standards of consultations is from 0, 26 to 1, 04 conditional units. In conclusion the article stated that the characteristics for criteria to evaluate medical care in daily in-patient departments were worked out on the basis of indices obtained during the research work

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Knowledge level estimation of medical workers participating in rendering of emergency medical aid to children at a pre-hospital stage

Summary:

Purpose: Estimation of qualifying preparation of the doctors participating in rendering of emergency medical aid to children.
Material: On the basis of the developed test cards the analysis of doctors' knowledge level of the first help on the basic questions of emergency medicine is carried out. 120 doctors are interrogated. Results compared depending on age, work experience and presence of a qualifying professional category.
Results: As a whole answers of respondents were distributed as follows: unsatisfactorily - 2,6 %; satisfactorily - 7,9 %; well - 18,4 %; perfectly - 71,1 %. Distinctions in a dale of right answers on separate sections of knowledge depending on the experience and a qualifying professional category are established.
The conclusion: The weakest places in preparation of experts of the first help on which it is necessary to pay special attention in courses of postdegree preparation are revealed

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Interdepartmental Cooperation On Stages Of Health Formation And Prophylaxis Of Somatic Pathology

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №4 Pages: 639-643
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Е.М. Fedotova
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Summary:

The current situation presents lack of real coordination in the area of primary preventive health care which includes medical, psychologic-pedagogical and economic subdivisions. The means of optimization of interdepartmental cooperation in health formation of children and youth are under the study

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BIOMETRIC INDICES OF CONSTITUTIONAL RISKS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA IN MALE PATIENTS

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №3 Pages: 384-389
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Original article
Authors: Zaichenko A.A., Lebedeva Е.A
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Summary:

Aim: the current study examines features and correlations of particular psychodynamic, dermatoglyphic characteristics and body constitution of men with paranoid schizophrenia. Study groups: 25 men having the "paranoid schizophrenia" (F20.0), 27 men having no mental diseases. Methods: psychodiagnostic tests (Hand test, the Big Five Inventory (BFI)), anthropometry; dactyloscopy. Results: there were statistically significant differences in such personality factors as: extroversion and openness among two groups. Significantly smaller sizes of the chest and thigh circumferences were found in men with paranoid schizophrenia. The schizophrenic group exhibited higher frequency of "ulnar loop" and "double loop" finger pattern occurrence. Our study found a number of somato-psychic, dermato-psychic and dermato-somatic correlations, as well as correlations between personality factors and age. Conclusion: the examination of personality features correlated with markers of dermatoglyphic and body constitution helped to identify the predictors of risks for developing paranoid schizophrenia. This makes it possible the identification of at-risk groups with their monitoring and focusing on preventive programs

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