Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Subclinical forms of neuropathy with diaphyseal fractures of the humerus

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 556-560
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Sholomova E.I., Romanenko V.Yu., Ninel V.G., Аrutyunyan Т.R., Sholomov I.I., Shuldyakov А.А.
Organization: Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim of the study. To identify the frequency of subclinical neuropathy in patients with diaphyseal fractures of the hu-merus in different periods of treatment. Materials and methods. Held clinical-following systems survey of 122 patients with diaphyseal fractures of the shoulder bone. Results. At 57 after neurological examination and electromyographic diagnosed with post-traumatic neuropathy. Conclusion. As a result of research implemented its purpose. Revealed the frequency of post-traumatic neuropathy, as complications of fractures of the shoulder bone. Not always the defeat of the peripheral nerves of the manifest clinically, which complicates the diagnosis. Give a description of the locations and forms of damage, describes in detail the dynamics of the violations identifed in the course of treatment. Considered are the questions of diagnostics of latent forms of neuropathy and stages of their manifestations.

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Organization and development of surgical rehabilitation of patients with traumas and their effects

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 313-317
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Norkin I.A., Chernyshov V.V., Barabash А.P.
Organization: Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

Objective: To improve the efficiency of surgical rehabilitation of patients with traumas, their effects. Materials and methods: Short-term and follow-up results of the surgical treatment of patients with traumas and their effects have been analyzed. Statistical research methods have been used. Results: the efficiency of medical technologies during the early rehabilitation of patients has been demonstrated. Conclusion: Adoption of the most efficient medical technologies of general surgical treatment and postoperative rehabilitation of patients with traumas and their effects in daily practice provides high-grade restoration of the extremity's function, shortening of treatment period, decrease in number of complications and invalidism

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Topographic and anatomic features of transverse foramen of cervical vertebra in age and sex aspect

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 177-181
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Anisimov D.I., Norkin I.A., Nikolenko V.N., Anisimova E.A., Aleshkina О.Yu., Ostrovsky V.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov
Summary:

Purpose: to reveal regularities of variability of morphometric parameters of foramen of transverse process of cervical vertebra. Materials and Methods. Method of osteometry was used to determine size of transverse process of cervical vertebra at 112 adult skeletons. Results. Sexual dimorphism of size of transverse process of cervical vertebra, topographic variability of size, form and foramen orientations were revealed. Conclusion. Foramen size prevail at men over women by 0,5-1,5 mm and has characteristic of fluctuating dissymmetry

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Bone tissue density modification in treatment of shin pseudoarthrosis by transosseous compressive osteosynthesis

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №4 Pages: 933-936
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Balayan V.D., Barabash А.P., Barabash Ju.A., Puchinyan D.M., Grazhdanov K.A., Tishkov N.V.
Organization: Siberian Research Centre of Reconstructive Surgery, Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

Objective is to detect bone mineral density along the shin according to «Esperanto» levels by Hounsfield's scale. Materials and methods. The analysis of density modification in 25 patients with pseudoarthrosis of tibia with predominant localization in a lower one-third of bone has been carried out. Results. By means of computed tomography it has been revealed that the bone tissue density of the tibia in the process of false joint union when using the compressive variant of combined transosseous osteosynthesis has changed according to the regularity reproducing phase character of the accumulation of mineral substances in the bone. Conclution. The growth of mineral density of the bone tissue during treatment spreads in the directions from proximal and distal metaepiphyses to the zone of pseudoarthrosis knitting

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Modern conceptions about mechanisms of progression process of hip dysplasia in children (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 704-710
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Sertakova А.V., Morozova O.L., Norkin I.A., Anisimov D.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

In the literature review of modern data concerning mechanisms of formation and progression process of hip dysplasia in children is represented. The questions concerning classification, processes of morphological and functional (biochemical) change of osteocartilaginous components of hip in children with connective tissue dysplasia, changes of content of remodeling and skeletal system degradation markers, angiogenesis in the process of progression of pathological changes in joint are taken up

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Obliteration of serrated sutures of a human skull (review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 567-572
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Review
Authors: Zaichenko A.A., Kochenkova О.V., Anisimova Е.А., Anisimov D.I., Lukin О.Yu.
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

The review presents information on obliteration of serrated sutures of a human skull. It considers the age-specific variability and sexual dimorphism. The causes of craniostenosis and dependence of cranial form on degree and type of craniostenosis are described

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Complexity of serrated sutures of a human skull

Summary:

Objective: to reveal the variability mechanism of complexity of serrated sutures of a human skull in the correlation with cranial form. Materials and methods. Researches of 253 arches of male and female skulls of patients at the age of 1 day-105 years without signs of cranial trauma or skeletal systemic diseases with absence of morphological signs of increase of intracranial pressure. Minimal (Min) and maximal (Max) values, average arithmetic (M), a mistake of average arithmetic (m) have been studied. For definition of reliability of average size difference parametrical and non-parametric statistical criteria were used: parametrical criterion (t-criterion of Student) applied for parameters submitting to the law of normal distribution (Lakin G. R, 1990). Distinctions of average arithmetic size were considered statistically authentic from 95% (p

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Metal nanoparticles in treatment of experimental purulent wounds

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 530-533
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Babushkina I. V.
Organization: Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

The research objective was to study the dynamics of the bacterial contamination and the healing rate of the experimental purulent wound when applying the suspension of copper, iron, zinc nanoparticles locally. Iron, copper and zinc nanoparticles received by a plasmochemical method were used under the influence of a plasmic stream with the temperature 5000-6000°K. 40 white rats — males with purulent wounds were used in the investigation. Planimetric and bacteriological methods of study helped evaluate the traumatic process. They were carried out on the 3rd, 5th, 7th, 10th and 14th days. Application of the suspension of copper nanoparticles ensured the elimination of the causative agent which had contaminated the wound in a short period of time in comparison with the groups in which iron and zinc nanoparticles had been applied and the control group. The shortest term of wound healing was detected when using the suspension of copper nanoparticles; a rather less healing rate was observed when using the suspension of zinc nanoparticles. Regenerating action of iron nanoparticles was less evident considerably, but significantly differed from the control group. In conclusion it was stated that the use of the suspensions of metal nanoparticles in the isotonic solution was proved to be effective in the local treatment of purulent wounds. Suppression of microbial flora and regenerative action were detected to various degrees. The most evident antiseptic and regenerative action was determined in copper nanoparticles

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Quality of life of patients with upper extremity fractures

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 510-512
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Short message
Authors: Sholomova E.I., Levchenko К.К., Arutunyan T.R., Ninel V.G.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

90 patients with upper extremity fractures took part in the study. The injured patients were treated with rod and pin-and-rod type external fixation devices and by means of external immobilization. It was demonstrated that quality of life to the moment of device removal was 8-9 points higher in patients treated with pin type external fixation in comparison with pin-and-rod type. Quality of life was higher in patients with proximal upper extremity injuries

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Theoretical and practical contribution of SarNIITO researchers to transosseous osteosynthesis technique (Review)

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 502-505
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Review
Authors: Barabash А.P.
Organization: Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics
Summary:

The article deals with the history of transosseous osteosynthesis introduction in SarNIITO clinics. The contribution of doctors and scientists to development of this technique is reproduced in the chronological order. Prospects and place of hardware-based technique of treatment of injuries and diseases of musculoskeletal system are contemplated

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