Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Author's opinion

Application of financial motivation factors for organ donors: foreign experience and Russian attitude

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 448-450
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Romanov S.V.
Organization: Volga District Medical Center of FMBA
Summary:

The purpose of the article was to analyze the world practice of the means of financial motivation for organ donors as well as the attitude of Russians towards it. As the results have shown, means of financial stimulation are widely applied to living organ donors in the world. Such means are mainly illegal, most often targeting the most vulnerable social groups and current attempts to stop such practices are not successful. Among all nations, Iran is the only one country whose system of organ transplantation includes the idea of rewarding a living donor. Such practice has been supported by several specialists, some of them from the US. In the world, the ways of financial support of the families of posthumous donors also exist. Such practice has evoked controversial responses in Russia. In conclusion, it has been highlighted the necessity to conduct more informative works with different social groups with the aim to develop and support the principles of humanity and altruism of organ donation.

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Healthy ageing and regional health care system of the Great Patriotic War veterans

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 330-334
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova Т.P.,Lipatova Т.Е., Shuldyakov V.A., Kovalev E.P., Alipova L.N.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov Ministry for Public Health
Summary:

The term of "Healthy Ageing" is about creating the environments and opportunities that enable people to be and to do what they value throughout their lives. Healthy ageing require multipurpose policy framework with biological, social, economic, cultural and ecological aspects. The long-term experience of Saratov Regional Hospital for War Veterans in development and management of competencies required for healthy ageing programs is generalized in the article. Science evidence base of healthy ageing was formulated including results of the original studies with veterans of Great Patriotic War involved.

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Clinical diagnosis in terms of insurance medicine

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 327-330
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova Т.Р., Lipatova Т.Е., Malinova L.I., Tyultyaeva L.A., Kovalev Е.Р., Alipova L.N., Vakhlyueva O.G.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Medical institutions in the conditions of insurance medicine are faced with not always justified interference of insurance companies in the structure of diagnosis and diagnostic process, whose violate the essence of the concepts of clinical classifications and statistical coding of diagnoses provided by ICD-10. Such a situation ultimately harms the patient and society, makes it difficult both to monitorthe adequacy of the ongoing treatment activities, and to protect the patient's rights to receive qualified medical care and doctor's rights.

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Interaction of atherosclerosis and ageing: is there any discussion questionable?

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 322-327
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova Т.Р., Lipatova Т.Е., Alipova L.N., Yegorova A.V.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Age-related diseases and their link to involutionary processes in human organism remain as one of the burning problems in internal medicine. The article focuses on the discussable questions of the most common mechanisms of atherogenesis and ageing, their similarity and difference. Both processes mutually burdens each other, bringing the "fading" of the organism closer.

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Youth policy at Medical University in conceptual and practical realization

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 100-106
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Popkov V.M., Bugaeva I.O., Zhivaykina А.А., Loyko V.S., Andriyanova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the article is to consider the main theoretical and practical aspects of implementation the program of youth policy in the Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. Authors analyze the educational system and the way it correlates to modern challenges of the Russian society. Special attention is paid to the main conditions of realization and the directions of youth policy in the Saratov State Medical University. The conceptual principles of youth policy of higher school have been worked out by the authors.

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Mechanisms of social investment of the dental service of higher and secondary educational institutions

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 20-24
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Eldarkhanov D.Kh., Yusupov R.D., Ignatiadi O.N., Zakharchenko I.S., Yusupov Kh.R.
Organization: Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute of Volgograd State Medical University, Stavropol Territory's City Dental Polyclinic in Pyatigorsk, Volgograd State Medical University
Summary:

The aim: development of conceptual provisions aimed at updating and ubiquitous introduction of a preventive system of dental care for students in higher and secondary vocational schools. Material and Methods. The authors rely on data from comprehensive surveys conducted in Moscow, in the Stavropol Territory, in Volgograd, in the city of Pyatigorsk. Results. It is established that the main diseases of students are dental caries and periodontal diseases (most often in the initial form). There is a trend of loss of dental health of students from 1 to 4 courses. Loss of health (even for objective reasons) is destructive for the economy and society. Solution of this problem will ensure the provision of systemic prevention and enhance the dental activity of the contingent of students. An estimation of the required investments related to the opening and operation of dental offices at higher and secondary professional educational institutions was made. Conclusion. The possibilities of social investment of the dental service of educational institutions with the use of mechanisms of fundraising are shown. Strengthening the dental services of educational institutions will help to improve the dental health of the student population. Social investment of educational institutions has many attractive features for the population and business entities.

Keywords: density
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Revisiting the Sports Medicine as a specialty in professional training of sports doctors

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 940-946
Heading: sports medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Razinkin S.M., Samoilov A.S., Petrova V.V.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

 This article discusses expediency of deducing sports medicine in a separate educational specialty. Also, there is a new concept of sports medicine offered. This concept includes the academic plan of postgraduate professional training of doctors in the direction of Sports Medicine specialty 08.31.39 Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine. Concept was developed by the department of experimental sports medicine of the A. I. Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency.

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Through the prism of globalization: foreign experts in russian medical institutions

Summary:

Through the prism of contemporary processes of globalization, the comparative analysis of the legal foundation for employment of foreign experts in Russian medical institutions was done. Legal collisions that require resolution had been identified, and the competent authorities and legislators payed attention to them.

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Marginalization of health institute professional groups: societal approach

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 854-856
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Krom I.L., Yerugina M.V., Kovalev Ye.P., Yeremina M.G., Vlasova M.V., Dolgova E.M., Bochkareva G.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The process of institutionalization of healthcare, which is considered as one of the basic social institutions, is realized in qualitative changes in its structure. The authors note that changes in the social structure, the social differentiation increasing, crisis and dysfunctional processes in the healthcare institution in modern Russia have led to a change in status, social mobility descending and marginalization of the social and professional groups of the healthcare institute. In the authors' opinion the process of marginalization of the social and professional groups of the healthcare institute is explained by the «concept of status inconsistency» proposed by G. Lensky.

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The importance of communicative competencies while training a general practitioner

Summary:

The aim of the article is to present the opinion of the authors on the development of the doctor-patient relations in recent years. The importance of communicative competence for the professional activity of a general practitioner, where communication acts as a diagnostic, preventive, treatment and rehabilitation tool. The role of clinical faculty in particular departments of outpatient therapy and general medical practice is determined in the formation of communicative skills of students. The proposed educational technology for the practical implementation of the tasks is considered in the article.

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