Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Author's opinion

Transplantation tourism as an international problem: prerequisites and ways of prevention

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 683-685
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Romanov S.V., Abaeva O.P.
Organization: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Volga District Medical Center of FMBA
Summary:

The purpose of scientific work was to substantiate the relevance ofthe problem of transplant tourism, which is a way for a recipient to obtain an organ for transplantation bypassing national wait lists by finding a donor in a foreign country on a commercial basis. The authors have performed analysis of literary sources related to issues ofthe development of transplant tourism around the world, origins of its existence as well as possible ways to prevent the following practive. In conclusion, authors underline the necessity to establish the development of transplantology based on principles of gracious organ donations and fairness in terms of recipient election.

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The role of private medical business in the digital health projects

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 667-670
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Muslimov M.l.
Organization: Clinic of Scientific Medicine
Summary:

New medical and information technologies meet a global challenge in the world health system. In developed countries there are legislative and financial arrangements for the transfer of the national health service in digital format. Russia also keeps up with global economic trends: regulatory and legislative acts have been adopted to ensure the transition to digital healthcare, the state program of digital medicine has been approved, and a list of priority tasks proposed for implementation by 2025 has been defined. The author examines the various concepts and directions of the movement to digital health, adopted in some countries and in Russia, analyzes the current state of affairs in the Russian digital health, forming predictive estimates for the future.

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The problem of management of pregnant women with ulcer colitis

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 629-632
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Kudishina M.M., Kozlova I.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The relevance of the study of inflammatory bowel diseases in pregnant women is due to the rise of the disease at a young age (20-30 years), which accounts for the period of active childbirth. Treatment of pregnant women with ulcer-ative colitis and Crohn's disease remains a difficult problem for both doctors and patients. This work aims to analyze the features of the course and treatment of ulcerative colitis in pregnant women, to identify problems in the tactics of management on a real clinical example.

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On the issue of surgical reconstruction in complicated aggressive hemangiomas of sacrolumbar transitional spine

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 487-492
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Arsenievich V.B., Zaretskov V.V., Likhachev S.V., Stepukhovich S.V., Mizyurov S.A., Sadchikov D.D.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

We presented surgical results of complicated aggressive hemangioma treatment in transitional sacrolumbar spine. It has been stated that individual peculiarities of decompressive stabilizing surgery depend on the volume of vertebral lesions and their results improve in the combination with presurgical X-ray therapy.

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Application of financial motivation factors for organ donors: foreign experience and Russian attitude

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 448-450
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Romanov S.V.
Organization: Volga District Medical Center of FMBA
Summary:

The purpose of the article was to analyze the world practice of the means of financial motivation for organ donors as well as the attitude of Russians towards it. As the results have shown, means of financial stimulation are widely applied to living organ donors in the world. Such means are mainly illegal, most often targeting the most vulnerable social groups and current attempts to stop such practices are not successful. Among all nations, Iran is the only one country whose system of organ transplantation includes the idea of rewarding a living donor. Such practice has been supported by several specialists, some of them from the US. In the world, the ways of financial support of the families of posthumous donors also exist. Such practice has evoked controversial responses in Russia. In conclusion, it has been highlighted the necessity to conduct more informative works with different social groups with the aim to develop and support the principles of humanity and altruism of organ donation.

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Healthy ageing and regional health care system of the Great Patriotic War veterans

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 330-334
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova Т.P.,Lipatova Т.Е., Shuldyakov V.A., Kovalev E.P., Alipova L.N.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov Ministry for Public Health
Summary:

The term of "Healthy Ageing" is about creating the environments and opportunities that enable people to be and to do what they value throughout their lives. Healthy ageing require multipurpose policy framework with biological, social, economic, cultural and ecological aspects. The long-term experience of Saratov Regional Hospital for War Veterans in development and management of competencies required for healthy ageing programs is generalized in the article. Science evidence base of healthy ageing was formulated including results of the original studies with veterans of Great Patriotic War involved.

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Clinical diagnosis in terms of insurance medicine

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 327-330
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova Т.Р., Lipatova Т.Е., Malinova L.I., Tyultyaeva L.A., Kovalev Е.Р., Alipova L.N., Vakhlyueva O.G.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Medical institutions in the conditions of insurance medicine are faced with not always justified interference of insurance companies in the structure of diagnosis and diagnostic process, whose violate the essence of the concepts of clinical classifications and statistical coding of diagnoses provided by ICD-10. Such a situation ultimately harms the patient and society, makes it difficult both to monitorthe adequacy of the ongoing treatment activities, and to protect the patient's rights to receive qualified medical care and doctor's rights.

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Interaction of atherosclerosis and ageing: is there any discussion questionable?

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 322-327
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova Т.Р., Lipatova Т.Е., Alipova L.N., Yegorova A.V.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Age-related diseases and their link to involutionary processes in human organism remain as one of the burning problems in internal medicine. The article focuses on the discussable questions of the most common mechanisms of atherogenesis and ageing, their similarity and difference. Both processes mutually burdens each other, bringing the "fading" of the organism closer.

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Youth policy at Medical University in conceptual and practical realization

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 100-106
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Popkov V.M., Bugaeva I.O., Zhivaykina А.А., Loyko V.S., Andriyanova E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the article is to consider the main theoretical and practical aspects of implementation the program of youth policy in the Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. Authors analyze the educational system and the way it correlates to modern challenges of the Russian society. Special attention is paid to the main conditions of realization and the directions of youth policy in the Saratov State Medical University. The conceptual principles of youth policy of higher school have been worked out by the authors.

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Mechanisms of social investment of the dental service of higher and secondary educational institutions

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 20-24
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Eldarkhanov D.Kh., Yusupov R.D., Ignatiadi O.N., Zakharchenko I.S., Yusupov Kh.R.
Organization: Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute of Volgograd State Medical University, Stavropol Territory's City Dental Polyclinic in Pyatigorsk, Volgograd State Medical University
Summary:

The aim: development of conceptual provisions aimed at updating and ubiquitous introduction of a preventive system of dental care for students in higher and secondary vocational schools. Material and Methods. The authors rely on data from comprehensive surveys conducted in Moscow, in the Stavropol Territory, in Volgograd, in the city of Pyatigorsk. Results. It is established that the main diseases of students are dental caries and periodontal diseases (most often in the initial form). There is a trend of loss of dental health of students from 1 to 4 courses. Loss of health (even for objective reasons) is destructive for the economy and society. Solution of this problem will ensure the provision of systemic prevention and enhance the dental activity of the contingent of students. An estimation of the required investments related to the opening and operation of dental offices at higher and secondary professional educational institutions was made. Conclusion. The possibilities of social investment of the dental service of educational institutions with the use of mechanisms of fundraising are shown. Strengthening the dental services of educational institutions will help to improve the dental health of the student population. Social investment of educational institutions has many attractive features for the population and business entities.

Keywords: density
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