Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Author's opinion

The role and place of tests in the assessment of the level of competence acquired by senior students of medical university

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №3 Pages: 711-714
Heading: Pedagogics and Education Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Gubanova G.V., Shemetova G.N., Ryaboshapko A.l., Shebalova E.M.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The introduction of a competence-based approach in the context of the implementation of the latest generation of the GEF leads to the formation of a new control and assessment system of educational results, which allows to take into account all the indicators obtained by students during the course of the discipline, i. e. to evaluate not only the final one-time result, but also the learning process. The formation of a fund of appraisal tools for test control of knowledge at the departments of the medical university is being discussed with the aim of objectifying the assessment of the level of competence in the disciplines of the main educational programs. It reveals the approaches to understanding the role and place of testing in assessing the level of competence acquired by senior students of higher education, as well as analyzes its experience. The advantages and disadvantages of using tests in the process of defining educational achievements are described.

2019_03_711-714.pdf266.85 KB

Vegetative dystonia syndrome as a somatoform disorder


Despite the fact that there is still no consensus on concept and use of vegetative vascular dystonia as a diagnostic term in Russian literature, this diagnosis has become firmly established in clinical practice. In this article we have tried to reconcile two competing concepts — psychovegetative syndrome and vascular dystonia — primarily on the basis that both concepts reflect functional disorders of suprasegmental apparatus of the autonomic nervous system (limbic-reticular complex, reticular formation of the brain stem) and have more similarities than differences, which allows us to include them in a general group of somatoform disorders.

2019_01-1_159-162.pdf470.95 KB

Autonomous device for registration of direct current potential of eye in experiment and clinic

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 910-913
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Mukhamadeev T.R., Yamgutdinov R.R., Vafiev A.S., Kalmetyev A.Kh., Yamlikhanov A.G., Tumashinov V.N.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care, ZAO Optimedservis

 The article presents an autonomous device for recording of direct current potential of eye at rest and at different illumination levels to assess the functional state of the photoreceptor— retinal pigment epithelium complex in experiments on laboratory animals and in clinical practice including vitreoretinal surgery.

2018_4-2_910-913_1.pdf532.15 KB

Regenerative capabilities of the skin

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 738-739
Heading: Dermatovenerology Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Eremina M.G., Eremin A.V., Eldesbaeva Ya.S., Drozdova S.B., Roshchepkina E.M., Chumachenko Yu.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The skin is the largest organ of the human body and has many functions. Stem cells of the epidermis and hair follicles are necessary for homeostasis and skin regeneration, which leads to the restoration of the integrity and function of the damaged tissue. Currently, we are actively searching for the best therapeutic strategies to restore the barrier function of the skin. Stem cells are recognized as potential candidates for the treatment of numerous skin pathologies. Therapeutic strategies of modern medicine require an understanding of the potential uses of stem cells for treating skin diseases.

2018_4-1_738-739.pdf219.6 KB

Transplantation tourism as an international problem: prerequisites and ways of prevention

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 683-685
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Romanov S.V., Abaeva O.P.
Organization: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Volga District Medical Center of FMBA

The purpose of scientific work was to substantiate the relevance ofthe problem of transplant tourism, which is a way for a recipient to obtain an organ for transplantation bypassing national wait lists by finding a donor in a foreign country on a commercial basis. The authors have performed analysis of literary sources related to issues ofthe development of transplant tourism around the world, origins of its existence as well as possible ways to prevent the following practive. In conclusion, authors underline the necessity to establish the development of transplantology based on principles of gracious organ donations and fairness in terms of recipient election.

2018_4_683-685.pdf227.87 KB

The role of private medical business in the digital health projects

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 667-670
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Muslimov M.l.
Organization: Clinic of Scientific Medicine

New medical and information technologies meet a global challenge in the world health system. In developed countries there are legislative and financial arrangements for the transfer of the national health service in digital format. Russia also keeps up with global economic trends: regulatory and legislative acts have been adopted to ensure the transition to digital healthcare, the state program of digital medicine has been approved, and a list of priority tasks proposed for implementation by 2025 has been defined. The author examines the various concepts and directions of the movement to digital health, adopted in some countries and in Russia, analyzes the current state of affairs in the Russian digital health, forming predictive estimates for the future.

2018_4_667-670.pdf279.2 KB

The problem of management of pregnant women with ulcer colitis

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 629-632
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Kudishina M.M., Kozlova I.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

The relevance of the study of inflammatory bowel diseases in pregnant women is due to the rise of the disease at a young age (20-30 years), which accounts for the period of active childbirth. Treatment of pregnant women with ulcer-ative colitis and Crohn's disease remains a difficult problem for both doctors and patients. This work aims to analyze the features of the course and treatment of ulcerative colitis in pregnant women, to identify problems in the tactics of management on a real clinical example.

2018_4_629-632.pdf257.99 KB

On the issue of surgical reconstruction in complicated aggressive hemangiomas of sacrolumbar transitional spine

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 487-492
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Arsenievich V.B., Zaretskov V.V., Likhachev S.V., Stepukhovich S.V., Mizyurov S.A., Sadchikov D.D.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University

We presented surgical results of complicated aggressive hemangioma treatment in transitional sacrolumbar spine. It has been stated that individual peculiarities of decompressive stabilizing surgery depend on the volume of vertebral lesions and their results improve in the combination with presurgical X-ray therapy.

2018_3-1_487-492.pdf878.8 KB

Application of financial motivation factors for organ donors: foreign experience and Russian attitude

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 448-450
Heading: Sociology of Medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Romanov S.V.
Organization: Volga District Medical Center of FMBA

The purpose of the article was to analyze the world practice of the means of financial motivation for organ donors as well as the attitude of Russians towards it. As the results have shown, means of financial stimulation are widely applied to living organ donors in the world. Such means are mainly illegal, most often targeting the most vulnerable social groups and current attempts to stop such practices are not successful. Among all nations, Iran is the only one country whose system of organ transplantation includes the idea of rewarding a living donor. Such practice has been supported by several specialists, some of them from the US. In the world, the ways of financial support of the families of posthumous donors also exist. Such practice has evoked controversial responses in Russia. In conclusion, it has been highlighted the necessity to conduct more informative works with different social groups with the aim to develop and support the principles of humanity and altruism of organ donation.

2018_3_448-450.pdf222.07 KB

Healthy ageing and regional health care system of the Great Patriotic War veterans

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 330-334
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Denisova Т.P.,Lipatova Т.Е., Shuldyakov V.A., Kovalev E.P., Alipova L.N.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars, Saratov Ministry for Public Health

The term of "Healthy Ageing" is about creating the environments and opportunities that enable people to be and to do what they value throughout their lives. Healthy ageing require multipurpose policy framework with biological, social, economic, cultural and ecological aspects. The long-term experience of Saratov Regional Hospital for War Veterans in development and management of competencies required for healthy ageing programs is generalized in the article. Science evidence base of healthy ageing was formulated including results of the original studies with veterans of Great Patriotic War involved.

2018_2-1_330-334.pdf257.45 KB