Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Tuchin V. V.

Saratov National Research State University, Head of Department of Optics and Biophotonics, Professor, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

ОСТ investigation of influence of cement kiln dust and keratoprotectoral medication on the cornea structure.

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 400-406
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kalmykov R.V., Popova D.V., Kamenskikh T.G., Genina E.A., Tuchin V.V., Bashkatov A.N.
Organization: National Research Tomsk State University, Saratov State Medical University, Saratov state university
Summary:

The research goal: in vitro study of cornea permeability at the action of cement kiln dust and keratoprotectoral medication. Materials and Methods. Experimental studies were carried out with twenty eyes often rabbits. The measurements were performed using ОСТ system OCP930SR 022 (Thorlabs, USA). Results. ОСТ tomography was used to monitor the attenuation coefficient of the cornea in vitro during the permeability of cement kiln dust and keratoprotector Systein Ultra. The permeability coefficients of the cornea for water, cement dust and keratoprotector were measured. A computer model was developed that allowed one to analyze the diffusion of these substances in the eye cornea. Conclusion. It is shown: 1) cement dust falling on the eye cornea caused pronounced dehydration of the tissue (thickness decreasing) and led to the increase in the coefficient of light attenuation, which in the conditions of cement production could affect the deterioration of the eyesight of workers; 2) the application of the keratoprotector on the eye cornea when exposed by cement dust, slowed significantly the dehydration process and did not cause the increase in the light attenuation coefficient, which characterized the stabilization of visual functions in cement production workers. In this case, the keratoprotector itself did not cause dehydration and led to the decrease in the light attenuation coefficient, which could allow it to be used for a long time in the order to protect the organ of vision from the negative effects of cement dust.

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Clinical and immunological parallels in the diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma.

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №2 Pages: 378-383
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kamenskikh I.D., Kamenskikh T.G., Kolbenev I.O., Zakharova N.B., Kozletsov A.P., Tuchin V.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov state university, Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov
Summary:

The purpose of study is an assessment of the informative value of various diagnostic parameters in monitoring and prognosis of the state of the visual organ in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. Material and methods. 216 patients (216 eyes) were examined. 126 patients (126 eyes) with the diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma I, II or III stage were included in the main group (I), and 90 patients (90 eyes) without ophthalmologic pathology were included in the control group (II). All patients underwent complex examination. Laser confocal scanning tomography for the analysis of the optic disc morphology was performed using a Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II from Heidelberg Engineering (Germany). Evaluation of the field of view was carried out using the computer static perimeter Oculus twinfield-2 (Germany). Electrophysiological studies (apparatus Roland Consult, Germany) included: the study of visual cortical potentials on the outbreak, the pattern-electroretinogram, photopic negative response. Neurotrophic brain factor, ciliary neurotrophic growth factor and protein NF-200, S-100 protein, monocyte chemoattractant, vascular endothelial growth factor were determined in the serum. Results. An increase in the concentration of the S-100 protein with progression of POAG testifies to the existence of parallels between apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells and systemic neurodegenera-tion affecting the central nervous system as a whole. The importance of electrophysiological research methods, which give information about the third neuron of the visual pathway, has been confirmed. Pattern-electroretinogram, photopic negative response most reflect abnormalities in the work of ganglion cells of the retina, including before the appearance of structural changes in the optic disc and the retina. Conclusion. The interrelation of dynamics of functional, morphological and immunological criteria of progression of POAG is revealed, which allows to predict the further course of the pathological process. Since the study involved patients with IOP target values, it is important not only to maintain IOP on target values, but also to carry out neuroprotection.

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Dynamics of laser speckle imaging of blood flow in the tissues at partial temporary pancreatic ischemia of hungry, fed and alcoholized rats

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 106-109
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Alexandrov D.A., Timoshina P.A., Tuchin V.V., Maslyakova G.N., Palatova T.V., Sedov D.S., Izmailov R.R.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the study is to determine the influence of a partial temporary ischemia and reperfusion on the development of pancreatitis in laboratory rats. Material and Methods. The experiments were performed on 73 white rats. Occluded blood vessels and blood flow were recorded by digital biomicroscopy and laser speckle contrast imaging. Statistical data processing was carried out the program Statistica for Windows 6.0 using the Student's criterion. Results. Laser speckle imaging and digital microscopes provide the monitoring of blood flow in the vessels of the pancreas. After a five-minute partial ischemia reactive hyperemia occurs, changes are invertible. After a twenty-minute partial ischemic reactive hyperemia does not occur, without developing pancreatitis necrosis. Pancreas of alcoholized rats has been found out to be more sensitive to ischemia. Conclusion. The method of laser speckle imaging and intravital microscopy after digital five- and twenty-minute partial ischemia of the pancreas revealed phase opposite directed changes in its tissue perfusion and varying severity of postischemic pancreatitis.

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Dynamics of laser speckle imaging of blood flow and morphological changes in tissues with a full time local ischemia of pancreas

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 596-600
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Alexandrov D.A., Timoshina P.A., Tuchin V.V., Maslyakova G.N., Palatova T.V., Skorokhod A.A., Lukashevich K.A., Yarovoy A.S..
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov state university
Summary:

The purpose: to establish influence of a full ischemia of different duration and the subsequent reperfusionon pathology development in pancreas of rats by means of laser speckle-visualization and lifetime digital microscopy. Materials and Methods. The work has been performed on 42 white rats of line Wistar in weight of 200-250 Research of properties of a blood-groove was made by means of methods laser Doppler flowmetry, digital biomicroscopy and a method of laser speckle-contrast visualization. Results. After the termination of a 5-minute full ischemia the speed of bloodflow has been increased in 2-3 times, clinic pancreatic necrosis is marked does not develop. After the termination of 20-minute full ischemia the increase in speed of a bloodflow did not occur, there were morphological and clinical signs of pancreatic necrosis. Conclusion, the efficiency of monitoring of microhemodynamics of pancreas in rats by the method of speckle-capillary of full field has been shown. Multidirectional phase of perfusion changes in pancreas have been revealed after reversible infringement of blood supply of different duration.

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ESTIMATION OF MELANIN CONTENT IN IRIS OF HUMAN EYE

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №4 Pages: 53-55
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: E. V. Koblova, T. G. Kamenskikh, A. N. Bashkatov, E. A. Genina, V. V. Tuchin
Organization: Saratov National Research University n.a. N. G. Chernyshevsky, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Based on the experimental data obtained in vivo from digital analysis of color images of human irises, the mean melanin content in human eye irises has been estimated. For registration of color images the digital camera Olympus C-5060 has been used. The images have been obtained from irises of healthy volunteers as well as from irises of patients with open-angle glaucoma. The computer program has been developed for digital analysis of the images. The result has been useful for development of novel methods and optimization of already existing ones for non-invasive glaucoma diagnostics.

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EXPERIMENTAL GROUNDS OF THE USAGE OF RETINALAMIN IN THE TREATMENT OF THE PARTIAL OPTIC ATROPHY

Year: 2007, volume 3 Issue: №1 Pages: 77-79
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Kamenskikh Т.G., Bashkatov A.N., Tuchin V.V., Genina E.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to study the sclera permeability as the most significant tissue barrier in the local application of medicines in ophthalmology for Retinalamin in vitro. Materials and methods. 23 rubbit's sclera samples were taken for the research in vitro. The water solution of Retinalamin has been tested too. The radiation reflected from sclera has been controlled by the system of receiving fibers of fiber optics probe and has been registered by optical multichannel analyzer (LESA- 5). Results: The experimental research makes it possible to assume that the full penetration of Retinalamin through sclera after the parabulbar injection lasts 3 hours.

Keywords: treatment