Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

The National Research Institute of Public Health n.a. N.A. Semashko

Key tendencies in health of citizens of military age

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 86-90
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Sogiyaynen А.А.
Organization: The National Research Institute of Public Health n.a. N.A. Semashko
Summary:

Aim: to study key trends in the health status and number of people of military age. Material and Methods. The research materials were official open statistical data and analytical materials of the public health authorities of the Moscow Region, Primorsky Krai and the Russian Federation, statistical data from the Rosstat (www.gks.ru), EIISS (https://fedstat.ru). To solve the tasks in the study, a statistical analysis of the level, dynamics and structure of primary and general morbidity of young men of military age (15—17 years old), as well as dynamic characteristics of the number of people of military age (18- 26 years old) was carried out. Results. The study revealed a negative trend in the number of people of military age (-1,723 thousand people, or-18.5% from 1995 to 2017). The reduction in the number of troops by 2028 will be -43.5% compared with 2010 The overall morbidity among young people aged 15- 17 years from 2006 to 2015 in the Russian Federation increased by 15.2% and amounted to 2247.2. In the structure of general morbidity among young people aged 15-17 years, respiratory diseases dominate in the Russian Federation 33.3%, in the second rank eye disease and accessory apparatus 9.3%, in the third digestive organs (8.8%), on the fourth and fifth musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (7.9%) and injuries, poisoning and other consequences of external factors (7.7%). In the structure of the primary incidence of this category of young people, as in the case of general morbidity, respiratory diseases dominate 47.8%, injuries, poisoning and other consequences of external causes (12.4%) prevail in the second ranking place; on the third diseases of the digestive system (5.7%); in the fourth, diseases of the urogenital system (4.6%); on the fourth and fifth, there are diseases of the eye and its adnexa (4.6%) and diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (4.3%), respectively. The incidence of citizens of military age has pronounced regional features. An analysis of the overall incidence in these regions shows that there is a heterogeneous picture in different regions. Thus, the average level of general morbidity in Primorsky Krai among citizens ofmilitary age in 2006-2015 with certain infectious and parasitic diseases exceeds this indicator in the Moscow Region by 49.7%, and in the Russian Federation by 18.1%; neoplasms by 37.8 and 12.9%, respectively, mental disorders and behavioral disorders by 19.1 and 8.6%; diseases of the genitourinary system by 54.7 and 14.5%; other diseases 5.9 and 5.2%. Conclusions. Negative tendencies of primary (+16.0%) and general morbidity (+15.2%) were detected for almost all classes of diseases, significant regional features of the status of recruits, a negative trend in the number of men of military age (by 2028 the decline will be -43.5% compared with 2010). The level of primary incidence of this contingent is currently 1373.8%o and the growth of this indicator over 10 years was 16.0%. When analyzing the incidence of the studied contingent, classes of diseases require the most attention: eye and its adnexa diseases, respiratory diseases, digestive diseases, diseases of ear and mastoid process and nervous system, as well as the genitourinary system diseases.