Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Social and demographic characteristics and health status of women of fertile age in Moscow region

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №1 Pages: 72-77
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Breusov A.V., Konovalov О.Е., Kharitonov A.K., Kharchenko V.V., Breusov R.A.
Organization: Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Kursk State Medical University, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Summary:

 . SObjective: analysis of the state of health, medical activity, social and demographic characteristics of women of child-bearing age to develop a set of medical and organizational measures aimed at reducing the loss of maternal and child health, improving the system of maternal and child health. Material and Methods. The following methods were used in the work: bibliographic, analytical, mathematical- statistical, sociological (questioning). The material of the study was 596 questionnaires of a sociological survey of women — patients of the regional perinatal center. Each questionnaire included 48 questions combined into 6 blocks (social, demographic characteristics, state of health, medical activity), which were processed using the statistical program PASW (Predictive Analytics Software) Statistics 22 Results. It was found that the majority of respondents considered themselves to be in the healthy group, every fifth considered that they had chronic diseases and 11.9% felt sick. In the structure of chronic pathology, the largest proportion was accounted for by respiratory diseases, ENT organs, circulatory system diseases, gynecological diseases. Conclusion. On the basis of the obtained data, the directions for improving the system of maternal and child health have been proposed, such as: strengthening preventive activities, improving the quality of clinical examination of the female population; improvement of continuity in the work of institutions of the maternal and child welfare system; introduction of interactive forms of education for pregnant women.

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