Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Khismatullina Z.R.

State Bashkir State Medical University, Head of Department of Dermatovenerology, Professor, DSc

Ocular rosacea: etiology, pathophysiological mechanisms, clinical manifestations and main methods of treatment

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 946-949
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Review
Authors: Mustafina G.R., Khismatullina Z.R., Sattarova R.R.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care, ZAO Optimedservis
Summary:

The review of the literature covers etiology, pathophysiological mechanisms, clinical manifestations and the main methods of treatment of ocular rosacea. Rosacea is one of the common chronic skin diseases with a diverse clinical picture. Ophthalmological manifestations of the disease are associated with affect to the cornea, conjunctiva and eyelids. The etiology and pathogenesis of the disease is not fully understood currently. Pathological processes in ocular rosacea are associated with disorders in vascular, immune and nervous systems, as well as with the influence of a number of microorganisms. In the treatment of ocular rosacea drugs of local and systemic action are used. Systemic therapy includes tetracycline and macrolide antibiotics and angioprotectors. Local therapy is associated with the use of artificial tears, anti-inflammatory drugs and local antibiotics. In severe cases of ocular rosacea surgical management is required.

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