Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Zhabina U.V.

Tambov State University n.a. G. R. Derzhavin, Department of Public Health and Health, Post-Graduate

Analysis of incidence of eye and adnexa diseases in the Central Black Earth region

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 670-676
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Osmanov RE, Zhabina UV, Manyakov RR, Osmanov EM.
Organization: S. Fedorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Tambov State University n. a. G.R. Derzhavin
Summary:

The purpose is to study the dynamics of general and primary incidence of eye diseases and accessory apparatus among the population of the Central Black Earth region for the period 2008-2017, in comparison with similar indicators in the Russian Federation. Material and Methods. The article presents the data on the dynamics of general and primary incidence of eye diseases as a whole, as well as myopia and cataracts in comparison with Russia and the five regions of the Central Black Earth region (Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Lipetsk, Tambov) from 2008 till 2017 Results. A comparative analysis of morbidity indicators allowed us to identify regions that are unfavorable for ocular morbidity in general and for cataracts and myopia in particular. Conclusion. The total incidence of eye diseases among the population of Russia in 2008 accounted 10994,0±2,6 cases, over ten years there was a decrease to 10370,9±2,5 cases per 100000 persons. The primary incidence rate of eye diseases among the population of Russia in 2008 accounted 3422±1,5 cases, over a ten-year period there was a decrease to 3161,1±1,4 cases per 100000 persons. Among the regions of the Central Black Earth region in the Belgorod region, the indicators studied are higher than the average in Russia. The incidence of eye diseases, in particular, cataracts and myopia tends to decrease. However, its level remains significantly high, which requires the improvement of organization of eye care and the development of measures aimed at preventing the development of eye pathology.

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