Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

life quality

The clinical efficacy of extracorporeal and intravascular hemocorrection methods in psoriasis

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №1 Pages: 081-084
Heading: Skin Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: Baityakov V.V., Kurkina V.A.
Organization: Mordovian State University
Summary:

Purpose. The study of the influence of extracorporeal and intravascular hemocorrection methods (plasmapheresis, ultraviolet blood radiation, ozonetherapy and its combination) on skin process and life quality in patients with extensive psoriasis. Methods. 253 patients with extensive psoriasis from the age of 18 to 72 have been investigated. PASI (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) and dermatological index of life quality (DILQ) have been used for treatment assessment. Results. The inclusion of efferent quantum and ozone therapy methods in the complex treatment of psoriasis has promoted to the more rapid and complete positive dynamics of skin process and the improvement of life quality. The use of plasmapheresis and its variations with photomodification or the ozone treatment of returning erythrocyte suspension has been the most effective. Plasmapheresis and its modifications are appropriateto be used in the complex treatment of the patients with severe forms of psoriasis. Conclusion: Further study of efferent quantum and ozone therapy methods and their wider use in psoriasis therapy and other chronic dermatosis seem to be promising.

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Antihypertensive therapy influence on clinical and psychological characteristics of patients with hypertensive encephalopathy

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №4 Pages: 866-870
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Belova LA., Gavrilyuk O.V., Mashin V.V., Belova N.V., Biktimirova K.T., Pinkova E.A.
Organization: Ulyanovsk State University
Summary:

Aim: to analyze the influence of antihypertensive therapy (AT) on clinical and psychological characteristics of patients with hypertensive encephalopathy (HE). Materials: 107 patients with HE l-lll were given inadequate AT and therefore were under the study. Diurnal blood pressure monitoring (DBPM), neurological status, asthenic disorder level, life quality (LQ) parameters, sleep quality and attitude-to-disease type were estimated. The patients were re-examined in 6-month period after prescribing an adequate AT. The control group included 30 healthy patients. Results: in the process of AT daily average indices of blood pressure (BP) were able to be matched with the control indices, the number of patients with normal degree of night BP decrease raised. Physical and psychological health constituents were increased. Sleep quality improved. The increase of patients with well-balanced attitude-to-disease type was fixed. Resume: the use of the modern antihypertensive drugs affects the clinical and psychological characteristics of HE patients positively

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Assessment of life quality in patients with dentition defects and periodontal diseases before and after prosthesis and implantation of teeth

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 689-692
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Original article
Authors: Turusova Е.V., Bulkina N.V., Golomazova Е.А., Meleshina О.V., Ivanova S.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, OOO «Dental-lux»
Summary:

The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of life of patients with dentition defects, not substituted by orthopedic constructions, accompanied by periodontal diseases on the basis of comprehensive analysis and to determine the most appropriate method of treatment of this pathology. The study included surveys of patients with dentition defects and periodontal diseases with the help of dental Quality of Life Questionnaire Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) before and after treatment. Quality of life of patients after implantation of teeth became equivalent to healthy individuals defining the benefits of this treatment before the prosthesis with fixed prosthetic constructions. The use of dental questionnaires of quality of life, such as, OHIP-14 in the treatment of oral diseases helped optimize the approach to the choice of therapy and to predict the advantages of treatment and patient attitude to them

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Modern approaches to life quality evaluation in patients with schizophrenia

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 676-680
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Zhukova О.А., Krom I.L., Barylnik Yu.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Institute of Social Education, Head of Centre of Medical and Social Research
Summary:

The article deals with the quality of life that is relevant to health as the estimated category condition of the subject in the disease situation. This category characterizes the parameters of all components of the patient's life. The approaches to evaluation of the quality of patients' life in contemporary psychiatric practice are discussed. The results of the original research of the quality of life that is relevant to health in patients with schizophrenia are presented. It is proved that the quality of life and social functioning of patients with schizophrenia are significantly iowerthan in the general population. The index of the quality of life that is defined on the basis of the question list of WHO QOL-100 supplements the disease pattern. It is a multifactor criterion for evaluation of the patient's condition in psychiatric practice

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Correlation of predictors of life quality prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 426-429
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Osipov D.A., Rozhdestvenskaya T.V., Krom I.L., Rebrov A.P.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Institute of Social Education, Head of Centre of Medical and Social Research
Summary:

The article presents the research results on the role of leading clinical predictors in follow-up prognosis for patients with ischemic heart disease. The inefficiency of socialization in a non-terminal condition is formed by means of insufficiency of somatic, psychological and social resources in patients. Thus clinical predictors have no significant value

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Objective evaluation of life quality of patients with ischemic heart disease

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 585-588
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: D.A. Osipov, T.V. Rozhdestvenskaya, I.L. Krom, А.Р. Rebrov
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Military Medical Institute, Saratov Institute of Social Education, Head of Centre of Medical and Social Research
Summary:

The article presents the results of studies of life quality of patients with ischemic heart disease and old myocardial infarction. The life quality is considered as an independent and objective multifactor indicator reflecting the status of this category of patients

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THE LIFE QUALITY OF PATIENTS OF DIFFERENT SURGERY TREATMENT ON ACCOUNT OF CHOLELITYAS DISAE

Year: 2007, volume 3 Issue: №4 Pages: 123-124
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: S.V. Orlov
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

This report presents an analysis of investigation of health related quality of life of 307 patients with cholelytias disae after the traditional laparotomic and laparoscopic cholecistectomy. During the in patient treatment in region Balakovo, Saratov. The research result allow to determine for sure the increasing life quality patients after surgery treatment on account of cholelityas disae.

LIFE QUALITY OF PATIENTS WITH PERITONEAL COMMISSURES OF ABDOMINAL CAVITY

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №4 Pages: 119-122
Heading: Surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: P.M. Starokon, M.K. Shashkina, O.A. Stetsuk, K.V. Chufistov, S.V. Mulendeev
Organization: Engels Hospital of Emergency Care, Policlinic of Federal Control of Drugs Use in Saratov Region, Saratov Military Medical Institute
Summary:

Monitoring of life quality and peritoneal commissures in patients was made at the policlinic. “Life Quality" integral index is one of the main indices of the most effective rehabilitation treatment of patients suffering from peritoneal commissures. 80 patients were involved in the program. Research was carried out before and after treatment, in 6-12 months. Treatment in conditions of a polyclinic consisted of complex of physio-, balnea!- and peloido-procedures. So, positive dynamics of investigating index is revealed after treatment Illness intensity index had positive dynamics by 51,5 % and role functioning index- by 140%.

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Chronic Biliary Pancreatitis Clinical Course Interrelation with Quality of Life and Patients Dependance on Supporting Therapy Indices

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №2 Pages: 203-207
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: E.I. Khashkina, J.V. Listishenkova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The analysis of clinical course influence on life quality and patients dependance on supporting therapy of chronic biliary dependent pancreatitis is represented. It has been determined that increase of life quality is in close correlation with exacerbation frequency, dyspepsia syndrome evidence and manifestations of exocrinous insufficiency of pancreas. Patients with chronic biliary dependent pancreatitis do not carry out doctor’s recommendations in appropriate manner.

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