Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

primary arthroplasty

The role of microbial associations in the development of implant-associated infection after primary total knee replacement

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №3 Pages: 492-497
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Babushkina I.V., Bondarenko A.S., Mamonova I.A., Shpinyak S.P., Ulyanov V.Yu.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: to study the role of microbial associations in the etiology of implant-associated infection, the peculiarities of associates antibiotic resistance, to propose informative methods for the microbiological diagnostics of mixed infections. Material and Methods. The biological samples from 488 patients with infectious complications after total knee replacement were studied. Microorganisms were isolated and identified using a BD BBL™ Crystal™ AutoReader analyzer and Crystal™ Enteric/ Nonfermenter ID Kit, Crystal™Gram-Positive ID Kit panels. Results. Polyetiological infectious complications comprise up to 21.4-24.8% out of the total number of implant-associated infection cases; microbial associations have broad microbial spectrum and various component structure. Specific gravity of clinically significant microorganisms — methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, polyresistant enterobacteria and nonfermentative Gram- negative bacteria is statistically higher (p<0.05) among the associates (38.2, 25.2, 64.3 and 72.8% respectively) than in monocultures (18.2, 11.8, 47.5 and 58.3% respectively). Microbiological methods should be modified in order to verify polyetiological implant-associated infection. Conclusion. The organization of microbiological monitoring of polyetiologi-cal implant-associated infections with detailed study of microbial associations structure, the monitoring of associates antibiotic resistance is necessary to optimize the diagnostics and causal treatment of this pathology.

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The etiological role of opportunistic microflora in the pathogenesis of implant-associated inflammation in patients after primary total knee replacement

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №1 Pages: 30-34
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Babushkina I.V., Bondarenko A.S., Ulyanov V.Yu., Chibrikova Yu.A., Adilov R.G., Kupina E.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim: to study etiological role of opportunistic microflora in the pathogenesis of implant-associated inflammation in patients after primary knee joint replacement and antibiotic sensitivity of main agent groups. Material and Methods. The retrospective analysis of microbiological samples of 383 patients with implant-associated inflammation occurred after primary total knee replacement. Results. Gram-positive cocci (63.5%) are the leading agents of implant-associ- ated inflammation, and there is an increase in the etiological role of coagulase-positive Staphylococci. Main agents of Gram-negative group were Enterobacteraceae and non-enzyme bacteria. We revealed high resistance of Staphylo-coccus spp. to antibiotics of various groups. Oxazolidinones and glycylcyclines were the most active among all antibiotic groups. Gram-negative bacteria were highly resistant to cephalosporine and macrolides with carbapenems and fluoroquinolones being most active. Conclusion. Gram-negative Enterobacteraceae, non-enzyme bacteria and Gram-positive cocci are most significant etiological factors in the pathogenesis of implant-associated inflammation in patients after primary total knee replacement.

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Role of humoral immunity markers and bone tissue metabolism in paraimplant inflammation pathogenesis after primary knee arthroplasty

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 756-761
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Ulyanov V.Ju., Bondarenko A.S., Galashina E.A., Chibrikova Ju.A,. Avilov R.G., Kupina E.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim: is to study the peculiarities of paraimplant inflammation pathogenesis after primary knee arthroplasty on the basis of dynamic changes of humoral immunity markers and bone tissue metabolism. Material and Methods. Research object includes 140 cases: 50 patients with paraimplant inflammation make up the main group; 30 patients with early aseptic instability make up the first experimental group; 30 patients undergoing primary arthroplasty make up the second experimental group; 30 conditionally healthy blood serum donors make up the control group. We determined the content of humoral immunity markers (circulating immune complexes binding C3d and containing IgG, triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells) and bone tissue metabolism (tumor necrosis factor a, interleukin 1 (3, bone isoen-zyme of alkaline phosphatase) by the method of hardphase immune-enzyme analysis in all the groups. Results. We noticed elevated activity of circulating immune complexes binding C3d and containing IgG, triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells, proinflammatory cytokines and alkaline phosphatase in blood serum of patients with paraimplant inflammation; proinflammatory cytokines and alkaline phosphatase — in patients with early aseptic instability; there were no changes in the studied indicators- in patients undergoing primary arthroplasty. Conclusion. Increased expression of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells causing release of proinflammatory cytokines and also elevated activity of circulating immune complexes binding C3d and containing IgG and bone isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase play a significant role in paraimplant inflammation pathogenesis after primary knee arthroplasty.

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