Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

prevalence

A method of improving clinical work with patients with peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №2 Pages: 334-337
Heading: Gerontology and geriatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Lipatova T.E., Tyultyaeva L.A., Nazarov M.M., Semenov S.V.
Organization: Saratov Regional Hospital for Veterans of Wars
Summary:

Objective: identification of risk groups for development of complications of ulcerous disease of stomach and duodenum.Material and Methods. We used data from the official statistical reports of the health Committee of the city of Saratov and the logs of incoming and departures/deaths of patients in the surgical and gastroenterology clinics of the city (1976-2006). The parameters of the prevalence of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer and its complications in the population of different age groups are analyzed. Linear regression analysis, odds ratio, and analysis of the speed characteristics of the dynamics of the studied parameters in time (mean, minimum, maximum speed, range of the dynamics of the studied parameters, the number of changes in the sign of the speed of change in the prevalence of the studied parameters) were applied. Results. It was found that the probability of complications of the disease is higher among those age groups, which are characterized by a frequent change in the sign of the rate of change in the prevalence of the pathology. The necessity of age accounting in stratification of the risk of complications of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer and the multiplicity of medical observation of persons of different ages with this pathology, taking into account the analytical parameters of the disease. Conclusion. The scheme of determining the multiplicity of dispensary examinations of patients with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer is proposed.

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Parkinson's disease in Russia: prevalence and incidence

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №3 Pages: 379-384
Heading: Neurology Article type: Review
Authors: Razdorskaya V.V., Voskresenskaya O.N., Yudina G.K.
Organization: First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M. Sechenov, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The results of the regional studies on the frequency of Parkinson's disease (PD) and the incidence of it in Russia have been generalized, the main factors that determine the quality of the estimates of this disease epidemiological indicators have been identifyd. The article summarizes data from 19 original studies on the epidemiology of parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease in Russia published between 2005-2015. Due to the statistical heterogeneity of the primary results computational analytics was not applied to the data; however, data consolidation allowed to perform a trend analysis of epidemiological indicators. The methodological basis of the majority of studies was medical aid appealabil-ity; two of the studies used door-to-door surveys. One of the studies returned questionably low epidemiological indicators obtained from the medical records, and the rest showed the standardized prevalence of 30.0-139.9/100,000 and incidence of 7.63-21.8/100,000 per year. Contribution of Parkinson's disease to the nosological structure of parkinsonism was >61.3%. Estimate of the number of patients with PD in Russia is approximately 210,000 people. Conclusions are made regarding the prevalence of PD in Russia according to the cross-cutting research on the level of indicators in the Western countries. The prevalence of PD by appealability is 2-3 times less than the prevalence in continuous research, both national and foreign. The incidence of PD, demonstrated in half of the studies, is stable from region to region and is comparable with the universally recognized values.

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Samara epidemiological research of myasthenia gravis

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №1 Pages: 091-095
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Т.V. Romanova
Organization: Samara State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the study was to analyze epidemiological and demographic characteristics of patients with myasthenia gravis in the Samara region. Material and methods. Data of electronic register of Regional myasthenic center containing information about 340 patients were used. Prevalence of myasthenia gravis in area made up 9,7; average annual disease over the last 10 years — 0,73 per 100000. Results. The data obtained are comparable with the global characteristics of the disease, but higher than the figures of some domestic researches. Conclusion. Confirms the fact that in regions where work specialized myasthenic centers, epidemiological parameters are always higher.

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Prevalence and structure of dento-maxillary anomalies in students of Ufa

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 291-292
Heading: Stomatology Article type: Short message
Authors: Zubareva A.V., Shkuratova I.A.
Organization: Bashkir State Medical University of the Russian Health Care
Summary:

On the basis of clinical stomatologic examination of 367 students of institute of higher education in Ufa at the age from 16 to 29 years it is established, that prevalence of dento-maxillary anomalies makes 62,9%. In structure combined anomalies are prevailing - 46,3%. Among anomalies of occlusion overjet occur more often - 42,9%. High prevalence of dento-maxillary anomalies requires improving the complex of treatment and prophylaxis actions for this category

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Gender And Age Peculiarities Of Tobacco Addiction Among The Urban Population Of The Middle Volga Region

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №2 Pages: 197-200
Heading: Internal Diseases Article type: Original article
Authors: S.A. Babanov, I.A. Agarkova
Organization: Samara Polyclinic №1, Samara State Medical University
Summary:

On the basis of the conducted research, prevalence of tobacco smoking and its intensity according to the gender and age descriptions among the urban population in the Middle Volga region (Samara as an example city) is described in the article. It is proved, that among men and women under study 49,37% and 14,17% smoke accordingly, 22,80% and 8,86% smoked before, 27,83% and 76,97% never smoke. The education level and family status have considerably contributed to the epidemiology of tobacco smoking addiction. Authors consider, that the development of public and medical measures directed to the fight against smoking must be realized taking into account the gender, age, social and mental points, that is difficult, but necessary process.

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