Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Saratov City clinic №11

Comorbid diseases at patients with HIV-induced neurological disorders

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №3 Pages: 388-390
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Sholomova E.l., Rebrov К.А., Sholomov I.I.
Organization: Saratov City clinic №11, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to estimate the structure and frequency of detection of secondary diseases in patients with neurological manifestations of HIV infection. Materials and methods. The study involved 304 patients infected with HIV. Results. The defeat of the nervous system in HIV infection occur encephalopathy, cerebral vascular lesions, meningitis, subacute encephalitis, secondary CNS lesions. The number of CD4-lymphocytes in HIV-infected patients with neurological disorders was significantly lower. Most of them have comorbid diseases. The most commonly diagnosed hepatitis С and B, herpes, cytomegalovirus infection, chlamydia, Candida, toxoplasmosis and tuberculosis, mixed infection. Hepatitis В and С and herpes are the most widely represented in patients with HIV-induced encephalopathy and cerebrovascular form of HIV. The presence of cytomegalovirus infection is correlated with the development of subacute encephalitis. Conclusion. Manifestations of nervous system pathology in HIV polymorphic and correlated with the presence of secondary comorbid pathology. Such conditions are due to underlying disease immunological parameters.