Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Cardiology

Balloon pulmonary angioplasty — an efective method of treatment for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension

Year: 2019, volume 15 Issue: №2 Pages: 222-224
Heading: Cardiology Article type: Case report
Authors: Starodubtseva I.A.
Organization: Voronezh State Medical University n.a. N.N. Burdenko
Summary:

The article presents the clinical case of patient with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. It is describes the classical course of the disease with use of full spectrum of diagnostic procedures. Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is a gold standard of treatment. Nevertheless, performance of PEA is possible in only 60 % of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Balloon pulmonary angioplasty and drug therapy with a stimulator of soluble guanylate cyclase are alternative treatment strategy.

Antistress activation therapy for cardiovascular diseases

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №4 Pages: 696-701
Heading: Cardiology Article type:
Authors: Miroshnik E.V., Yeliseyeva N.A.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

The cohort pilot study had been done. Aim: to study the effectiveness of an antistress activation therapy on the functional state of human with the purpose of formation of adaptive reactions of activation and training high levels of reactivity among the two groups of patients with cardiovascular problems, ranks first among causes of death population: arterial hypertension (AH) and coronary heart disease (CHD). Material and methods. From the sub-sample of the Moscow population (396) were allocated to 2 groups of patients of 30 people in each (a control group and a group for anti-stress therapy for persons with hypertension and coronary artery disease that within 1 month took adaptogens (tincture of ginseng, Eleutherococcus, etc.) is minimized by a specially developed algorithm. For stress diagnosis international integrated questionnaire Perceived Stress (PSS); as well as Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used. Blood pressure, heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference were measured. In addition we used new methods "Antistress activation health improvement". Results. The average age in the intervention group was 59.4 years, and in the control group was 58.3 years, p>0.05. In compliance with results of the study has been marked that persons who were treated by methods "Antistress activation health improvement" sensed general and "internal" dumping, improving of duration and quality of sleeping. Irritability, level of stress, depression, and fatigability became rather less. Dynamics of emotions locked in psychometric scales showed distinct improvement of mood, decrease of fear, sorrow, anxiety, anger, emotional instability, increase of self-reliance, activity. Conclusion. The treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression must be complexes based on biological and psychological approaches.

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Clinical and echocardiographic features of heart failure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №3 Pages: 349-353
Heading: Cardiology Article type:
Authors: Cherkasova S.A., Shvarts Yu.G.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The combination of heart failure, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and atrial fibrillation is a widespread case. Besides, the correlation between these pathologies has not been accurately determined yet. The aim of the research is to determine the specific features of heart failure in patients with atrial fibrillation. Material and Methods. 174 patients were involved in the research. There were people at the age of 75 and younger suffering with heart failure. 116 of them also experienced artrial fibrillation and 58 sinus rhythm. In addition, all the patients involved had hypertension. The patients underwent echocardiography and respiratory monitoring. Results. Statistical analysis showed that atrial fibrillation was a more powerful predictor of the occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea than heart failure. Furthermore, we have found significant peculiarities in relations between the features of heart failure, presence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea in the group of the patients with atrial fibrillation. Remodeling of the left heart cameras was more typical for the patients with atrial fibrillation. Conclusion. Heart failure has significant features in patients with atrial fibrillation and obstructive sleep apnea.

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Individually-typological heterogeneity of prehypertension in young men

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №3 Pages: 344-348
Heading: Cardiology Article type: Original article
Authors: Olenko E.S., Kodochigova A.l., Kirichuk V.F., Barylnik Yu.B., Trayber L.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, «Psychiatric Hospital №13», Klin, Moscow Region
Summary:

Objective: to study the individually-typological features of the person of young men with prehypertension. Material and Methods. With the help of complex tests: Reduced Multiple Personality Questionnaire for research (MMPI), the Heck — Hess, Spielberger — Hanin, Index lifestyle were examined 95 healthy young men with different levels of blood pressure: optimal, normal and high normal. Results. It has been shown that people with normal and high normal blood pressure have different individually-typological features of the person and, based on this criterion can not be combined into a single group prehypertension. Men with normal blood pressure values on the studied parameters were similar to individuals with optimal blood pressure value. Persons with high normal level of blood pressure had a psychosomatic predisposition personality profile MMPI, with its fixation on physical sensations, with the increase of anxiety, neuroticism and the overall intensity of psychological protection. Conclusion. It is advisable to carry out a personalized approach to the psychological correction of identified changes in primary prevention of arterial hypertension in young men.

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