Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

newborn

A clinical case of hereditary hydrocephalus (Dandy-Walker's syndrome)

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №4 Pages: 571-574
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Chernenkov Yu.V., Nechaev V.N., Lysova Yu.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Congenital malformations are considered as one of the main causes of mortality and disability in early childhood. Congenital anomalies resulting in serious disorders often accompany pathology of the brain. The results of clinical observation and treatment of the patient with significant malformation of the central nervous system, hereditary hydrocephalus (Dandy — Walker's syndrome) have been presented in the work. The issues on early prenatal diagnosis and correction of this malformation in the neonatal period have been stressed.

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Clinical case of an acute nonspecific parotitis at a newborn

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №3 Pages: 391-393
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Bochkova L.G., Mikhryacheva V.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

This article presents a rare case of isolated parotid sialadenitis at a newborn. Possible etiology, classification, frequency, diagnosis and management of the disease are described in orderto determine this pathology. The paper gives the data on observation of a newborn with sialadenitis, the results of examination and treatment.

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Assessment of health state of newborns depending on duration of waterless interval and infectious process at mother

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №3 Pages: 427-431
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Chernenkov Yu.V., Nechaev V.N., Lisitsyna A.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to reveal and estimate dependence between a long waterless interval, infectious process at mother and pathology of newborn children. Material and Methods: Supervision and research have been carried out in Perinatal Center of Saratov region for the last 2 years. 167 women and 173 newborns were included in the research. The big group was composed by prematurely born children. Women were divided into 2 groups depending on infectious process of patrimonial ways and on duration of a waterless interval. Children were divided on gestation term. Results: fetoplacental insufficiency and threatened miscarriage are the main factors of extremely immature children birth. Under these conditions, prolongation of pregnancy and preparing a fetus to labor act are important factors for improving the adaptive capacity of a premature baby. One of the important factors of insolvency is membranes infection. It is a distinct disease or a result of complications of pregnancy prolongation in women with PROM, is a precursor of systemic inflammatory response and in the majority of newborns was realized in infectious process. Conclusion. Women with infectious pathology of birth canal should be thoroughly sanitized, preventive treatment should be carried out, it would prevent the implementation of fetus infection, reduce posthypoxic disorders and incidence of preterm birth and IUGR. Long PSU without infectious support contributes to a lesser extent implementation of infection in fetus and less effect on a child's neurological status.

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Assessment of health state of newborns depending on duration of waterless interval and infectious process at mother

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №3 Pages: 427-431
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Chernenkov Yu.V., Nechaev V.N., Lisitsyna A.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to reveal and estimate dependence between a long waterless interval, infectious process at mother and pathology of newborn children. Material and Methods: Supervision and research have been carried out in Perinatal Center of Saratov region for the last 2 years. 167 women and 173 newborns were included in the research. The big group was composed by prematurely born children. Women were divided into 2 groups depending on infectious process of patrimonial ways and on duration of a waterless interval. Children were divided on gestation term. Results: fetoplacental insufficiency and threatened miscarriage are the main factors of extremely immature children birth. Under these conditions, prolongation of pregnancy and preparing a fetus to labor act are important factors for improving the adaptive capacity of a premature baby. One of the important factors of insolvency is membranes infection. It is a distinct disease or a result of complications of pregnancy prolongation in women with PROM, is a precursor of systemic inflammatory response and in the majority of newborns was realized in infectious process. Conclusion. Women with infectious pathology of birth canal should be thoroughly sanitized, preventive treatment should be carried out, it would prevent the implementation of fetus infection, reduce posthypoxic disorders and incidence of preterm birth and IUGR. Long PSU without infectious support contributes to a lesser extent implementation of infection in fetus and less effect on a child's neurological status.

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Nutrition of low birth weight infants

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 720-725
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Review
Authors: Kadymova I.I., Bochkova L.G.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article is concerned with the current state of nutrition of low birth weight infants. Anatomo-physiological features of digestive system of heterogeneous cohort of low birth weight infants are given. The article presents the description of metabolism of basic food ingredients in neonatal age. The analysis of efficiency of modern methods of enteral and parenteral nutrition of newborns with morphofunctional immaturity has been carried out. The necessity of complex programming of specific nutrition schemes for low birth weight infants of different weight categories has been proved in the work. The method of complex programming will guarantee safe survival of low birth weight infants.

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Application of self-learning neural network in obstetrics and neonatal practice

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №2 Pages: 282-286
Heading: Clinical Laboratory Diagnostics Article type: Original article
Authors: Bondar Т.Р., Tsaturyan Е.О., Deryabin М.А., Zaytsev А.А.
Organization: North-Caucasus Federal University
Summary:

The purpose of the study is to examine the feasibility of a self-learning neural network to predict the risk of hemo-static disorders in newborns and their mothers. Material: To solve the problems 214 patients have been under the study, of which — 107 women on a day of labor and 107 of their infants. Morphofunctional state of platelets was assessed by automatic hematological analysis, computer cytomorphometry and platelet aggregation. These laboratory studies of patients were used as a training set for a neural network. This study used a neural network with classical structure «layer perceptron.» Results: Testing of the neural network was carried out on two female patients with physiological pregnancy and signs of imbalance of the hemostatic system. At the output of neural network based on laboratory confirmed the presence or absence of pathology of the hemostatic system in two specific patients and their newborns. Conclusion: The introduction of practical obstetric program being developed based on the neural network will reduce and prevent the development of thrombohemorrhagic complications, the protocol will optimize diagnostic and treatment activities, and an opportunity for the state of hemostasis monitor on a background of pathogenetic therapy for women and their newborns during childbirth and neonatal period.

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Leading factors of cerebral ischemia in newborns

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №4 Pages: 772-774
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Yakovleva O.V., Muzurova L.V., Zryachkin N.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The research goal is to study the causes of perinatal hypoxic impairments of Central Nervous System (CNS) in fetus and newborn. Risk factors of cerebral ischemia development in fetus and newborn are likely to be found anemia, chronic adnexitis in mothers, threatened abortions, athletic type of pregnant women, loop of cord during the pregnancy course, rapid parturition and acute respiratory diseases during the II and III trimesters of pregnancy

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Electroencephalography characteristic in infected newborns by chlamydias

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №3 Pages: 637-639
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Mikailova Z.N.
Organization: Azerbaijan State Institute of Advanced Medical Studies n.a. A. Aliev
Summary:

50 newborns born at mothers with urogenital clamidiosis have been examined. Control group have made 25 newborns born at healthy mothers. Following methods of inspection were applied: anamnestic, clinical, neuroelektrophysi-ologic. As a result of research conclusions have been conclude . At perinatal lesions of central nervous system (CNS), in consequence of clamidiosis infection, the picture of bioelectric activity of a brain of the newborn is characterised by infringement of processes of formation of the basic rhythm and differentiation degree of cortical activity, the expressed residual organic changes and presence of signs of hypertension syndrome formation

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The prenatal verification of the obstructive uropathy at the fetal

Year: 2010, volume 6 Issue: №1 Pages: 173-178
Heading: Urology Article type: Original article
Authors: M.L. Chekhonatskaya, P.V. Glybochko, N.U. Arenina, L.V. Piskunova, M.M. Grigorieva
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Clinical Hospital №3
Summary:

The research goal is to study functional condition of upper and lower urinary tracts at fetus with obstructive uropathy and development of differential diagnostic and prognostic criteria of transition of functional disorders to organic.
The diagnosis of prenatal and verified postnatal obstructive uropathy at 42 fetuses has been made by prenatal ultrasonic cystometry. Process of filling and evacuation of bladder has been under study. Obtained data have been compared with the results of dynamic measurement of kidney sizes in a standard projection.
According to the results only at 19,1% of cases statistically significant urodynamic differences have not been revealed in comparison with control group. Diagnostic accuracy of organic form of urodynamic obstructions is 84%, of functional in 64,7% of observations and in 52,9% of cases the infection of urinary tracts with incomplete evacuation of bladder has been diagnosed.
The degree of kidney and ureter expansion is not a differential diagnostic criterion of organic or functional urodynamic obstructions. However, using a principle of estimation of upper and lower urinary tracts condition, it is possible to make a prenatal differential diagnosis of variants of defects

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INFLUENCE OF FEATURES OF THE CURRENT OF THE PREGNANCY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INFECTION OF THE URIC SYSTEM OF THE NEWBORNS

Year: 2006, volume 2 Issue: №2 Pages: 58-63
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: M.L. Chehonatskaj, P.V. Glybochko, I.V. Mihajlov, G.I. Hripunova, T.A. Gasanova, F.G. Zabozlaev, L.G. Bochkova, V.G. Fajustova
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the present research was studying features of current of the pregnancy and sorts of 125 women and their influence on the development of the infection of the uric system of the newborns.
The preconditions to the development of development of the infection of the uric system in the newborn are formed in the period of intra-uterine development and defined on the one hand by features of the development of the uric system of the fetus and on the other hand – a condition of the parent organism.
From the fetus most often came to light pyeloectasia – in 42,9% of supervision, hydronephrosis – in 22,4% and megaurether - 20,4% .
The risk factors from the parent organism are: hereditary aggravate on the disease of kidneys in the family ,chronic inflammatory disease of the bodies of a small basin ,presence a herpes-virus of the infection ,the aggravation of the chronic inflammatory process , transferred ОРВИ during of the pregnancy , the placentofetal insufficiency, premature birth.
Significant percent intra-uterine hypotrophy and infection , confirm pathogenic action hypoxia and mixt-infection on the formation of a pathology the uric system of the fetus and the newborn and emphasize necessity of the forecasting and preventive maintenance of the given complication.

Keywords: newborn, pregnancy