Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

multifocal lesions of the coronary arteries

The study of the prognostic value scales of assessing the risk of adverse coronary events in patients with acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation in combination with comorbid conditions

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 809-814
Heading: cardiac surgery Article type: Original article
Authors: Dorokhova O.V., Firsakova V.Yu., Andreev D.A., Maslennikova O.M.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

Objective: to identify the most prognostically significant scale risk assessment of patients with acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation in combination with diabetes mellitus type 2, chronic renal failure, multifo-cal coronarocardiosclerosis, dyscirculatory encephalopathy. Material and methods. 260 patients with acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation were divided into 4 groups according to the presence of severe concomitant diseases: patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (71 people), chronic renal failure (49), multifocal lesions of the coronary arteries (76) and patients with dyscirculatory encephalopathy of grade 2-3, including ischemic stroke (64). All patients were stratified by major scales risk: TIMI, GRACE, PURSUIT. The development of negative coronary events was assessed in hospital and during the year after discharge. On the basis of the results, all scales were studied using the criterion of Mann-Whitney and identified the most predictably significant groups of patients with specific comorbid conditions. Results. It is revealed that the significance of the scales TIMI and GRACE in the study of distant forecast (up to 6 months) is the most reliable with acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation in combination with diabetes mellitus type 2. For the patients with combination with chronic renal insufficiency the best prognostic significance was obtained by the GRACE scale in the study of hospital risk and forecast up to 6 months. TIMI and GRACE scales in the study of hospital risk and forecast up to 6 months had the greatest prognostic significance for the patients with acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation on the background of multifocal lesions of the coronary arteries. For the patients with dyscirculatory encephalopathy of the 2nd and 3rd grades, the greatest prognostic significance was obtained by stratification of risk on PURSUIT and GRACE scales in the study of hospital risk and forecast up to 6 months. Conclusion. The results demonstrate the necessity of a differentiated approach to the risk stratification of patients with acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation depending on the grade of a severe comorbid disease.

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