Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Maslennikova O.M.

Federal Medical and Biophysical Center n.a. A. I. Burnazyan, Head of the Department of Therapy of the Institute of postgraduate professional education, Doctor of Medical Sciences

The condition of endocrine system in young men athletes.

Summary:

Aim: to determine the functioning peculiarities of endocrine system of young men athletes. Material and methods. The were examined 84 athletes and 70 cadets of the Marine Academy. The check-up included the following procedures: the ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland, the assessment of hormonal status (determination of concentrations in serum prolactin, cortisol, thyroid stimulating hormone, free thyroxin, antibodies to thyroid peroxidase). Results. It was established that athletes comparing with people not involved in sports, had significantly higher concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone, and lower concentrations of cortisol, free thyroxin. In athletes it was revealed a positive correlation between the levels of cortisol, thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxin and prolactin in serum. Conclusion. High TSH level and relatively low values of cortisol can be considered as indicators of the higher performance of an athlete and be regarded as a reflection of optimal adaptation of the pituitary-thyroid and pituitary-adrenal systems to systematic high physical loads.

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Clinical and functional characteristics of athletes with mitral valve prolapse

Summary:

The purpose: to conduct a comprehensive assessment of clinical and functional characteristics of athletes with mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Material and Methods. 541 athletes were examined for the study, 132 athletes with MVP were in the main group, 132 athletes without MVP were in the comparison group. Functional, laboratory and diagnostic methods of examination in the framework of an in-depth medical examination were used in the study. Results. The examined athletes with mitral valve prolapse often have changes in the peripheral blood, immune and endocrine systems, macroelement composition, ECG, functional sample. Conclusion. Clinical and functional state of athletes with MVP is different from athletes without MVP, what requires an adequate assessment of MVP to improve the effectiveness of the training process with the possible use of medical and diagnostic and preventive measures.

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2014_04-01_815-818_1.pdf286.07 KB