Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Psychiatry

Emotional intelligence as an indicator of cognitive functioning in patients with schizophrenia

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 834-838
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Original article
Authors: Samoylova D.D., Barylnik Yu.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Aim: to analyze the variability of emotional intelligence as an indicator of cognitive functioning in groups of patients with schizophrenia, depending on the duration of the disease, the duration of treatment and the treatment regimen used. Material and Methods. A total of 420 patients with a clinical diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia were examined. All patients were divided into groups according to the duration of the disease and the therapy. The research included the medical documentation analyses and the application of «Ekman's Faces» psychodiagnostic scale. Results. There was an improvement of the indicator in the group of primary patients receiving treatment with atypical antipsychotics in combination with rehabilitation. Conclusion. The obtained data allows to make a conclusion about the effect of the duration of the disease, the observation, and also the nature of the conducted therapy on the variability of the emotional intelligence indicator in patients with a paranoid form of schizophrenia and may be used to select a psychotherapeutic algorithm for this category of patients. The obtained results prove the necessity of using questionnaire for emotional intelligence «Ekman's faces» and specific therapy in the early stages of the disease.

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Modern features of sexual behavior of students

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №4 Pages: 582-585
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Original article
Authors: Barylnik Yu.B., Kolesnichenko E.V., Guseva M.A., Titova A.A., Kuzina M.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the study is to identify the state of sex education and sexual behavior characteristics of students of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky. Material and Methods. The anonymous survey of 214 students (160 female, 54 male) has been conducted. The median age of female respondents was 22±1.02 years, male respondents 21±1.21 years. Results. The issues concerning the sexual culture of today's youth and their reproductive plans have been discussed. Conclusion. The main trends of sexual behavior among medical students and intersexual characteristics of sexual culture among young people have been found out.

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Depressive disorders development in connection with gut microflora and dietary factors

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 168-174
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Review
Authors: Shuldyakov А.А., Barylni Y.B., Lyapina Е.Р., Ramazanova K.Kh., Filippova N.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The morbidity of depressive disorders and their role in the formation of different human pathologies emphasize the actuality of searching for new approaches in the prophylaxis and treatment of depressions. The modification of gut microbiota may be a perspective direction of clinical investigation. Development in this area is based on the review of trials which confirm the significance of gut microflora composition in regulation of mental functions in particular mood and behavior as well as the role of diet in the development of depressions. The hypothesis of the role of gut microbiota in the development of depressive conditions was discussed.

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Prognosis of development of unfavorable phenomena of chemotherapy in patients with for the first time revealed tuberculosis of lungs

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №4 Pages: 576-582
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Original article
Authors: Danilov A.N., Morozova T.l., Doktorova N.P.
Organization:
Summary:

Aim: development of criteria and a method of prognosing of emergence of adverse side effects to the first mode of chemotherapy at patients with for the first time revealed tuberculosis. Materials and Methods: The analysis of the collateral reactions (CR) on tubercular preparations has been carried out at 214 patients receiving treatment at the first mode of chemotherapy. During the treatment an indicator of quality of life by a technique the DIGNITY (health, activity, mood), a condition of intersystem interaction of respiratory and cardiovascular systems of an organism (Hildebrant's coefficient), a vegetative index of Kerdo were estimated at patients. Results. Ufavorable effects on PTP develop at every third patient (33,6%). The CR different types depends on the age and availability of the accompanying pathology. Allergic reactions develop at patients with existence of endocrine pathology (27,8%) authentically more often, toxic — at patients with defeats of nervous system (56,3%). Extent of change of an index of Kerdo of 59,4±2,4%, Hildebrant's coefficient 48,9± 1,6% in the first 4 weeks of treatment of the patient corresponds to emergence of CR in the first 3 months of chemotherapy. Conclusion. Dynamics of coefficient of Hildebrant, Kerdo's index and an indicator of treatment, SAN at the initial stages, are considerably associated with the risk of development of side effects of chemotherapy and were a basis of the developed computer system expert for prognosing the development of these complications. The predictive value of system is 76,3% of sensitivity at 84,7% of specificity.

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Predictors of resocialization of patients with schizophrenia: medico-sociological analysis

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №1 Pages: 105-107
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Short message
Authors: Zhukova О.A., Krom I.L., Barylnik Yu.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Institute of Social Education, Head of Centre of Medical and Social Research
Summary:

Processes of urbanization, stressful events and other social trends of the modern world are considered as the social predictors determining the growth of frequency of mental illness. They are directly associated with manifestations of mental disorders, including schizophrenia. The majority of people is subjected to mental disorders living in unfavorable conditions. According to severe social consequences schizophrenia takes the leading position in psychiatry. Course of schizophrenia is one of the main clinical predictors of clinical and social prognosis. The research has established that the clinical predictors determining the severity of non-cancerous condition of patients with schizophrenia are not obligate in the socialization of the patients.

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Modern approaches to life quality evaluation in patients with schizophrenia

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 676-680
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Zhukova О.А., Krom I.L., Barylnik Yu.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Saratov Institute of Social Education, Head of Centre of Medical and Social Research
Summary:

The article deals with the quality of life that is relevant to health as the estimated category condition of the subject in the disease situation. This category characterizes the parameters of all components of the patient's life. The approaches to evaluation of the quality of patients' life in contemporary psychiatric practice are discussed. The results of the original research of the quality of life that is relevant to health in patients with schizophrenia are presented. It is proved that the quality of life and social functioning of patients with schizophrenia are significantly iowerthan in the general population. The index of the quality of life that is defined on the basis of the question list of WHO QOL-100 supplements the disease pattern. It is a multifactor criterion for evaluation of the patient's condition in psychiatric practice

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Impact of unemployment and alcoholism on suicidal activity in the Saratov region

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 673-676
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Original article
Authors: Bachilo Е. V., Barylnik Yu.B.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The research goal is to study the spread of completed and uncompleted suicides in the Saratov region during the period of 2001-2010, and influence of unemployment and alcohol abuse on suicidal behavior of the population in the most unfavourable areas of the region. To conduct the research elaborated questionnaires, describing suicidal and drug situations in the Saratov region during 2001-2010, and the reports of the Ministry of Employment, Labour and Migration in the Saratov region were used. Results: Areas with the highest rate of suicidal activity during 2001-2010 were identified (Balakovo, Engels, Dukhovnitsky, Pugachev, Perelub and Arkadak). In each of these areas correlation between the level of suicide and alcoholism and unemployment levels of the population were established. The research results allowed identifying some predictors of suicidal behavior for the specific area. These predictors will be included in «The Map of the predictors of suicide risk in the Saratov region». It improves assistance in suicidal situations and reduces suicides

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BIOMETRIC INDICES OF CONSTITUTIONAL RISKS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA IN MALE PATIENTS

Year: 2009, volume 5 Issue: №3 Pages: 384-389
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Original article
Authors: Zaichenko A.A., Lebedeva Е.A
Organization: Saratov Socio-Economic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Summary:

Aim: the current study examines features and correlations of particular psychodynamic, dermatoglyphic characteristics and body constitution of men with paranoid schizophrenia. Study groups: 25 men having the "paranoid schizophrenia" (F20.0), 27 men having no mental diseases. Methods: psychodiagnostic tests (Hand test, the Big Five Inventory (BFI)), anthropometry; dactyloscopy. Results: there were statistically significant differences in such personality factors as: extroversion and openness among two groups. Significantly smaller sizes of the chest and thigh circumferences were found in men with paranoid schizophrenia. The schizophrenic group exhibited higher frequency of "ulnar loop" and "double loop" finger pattern occurrence. Our study found a number of somato-psychic, dermato-psychic and dermato-somatic correlations, as well as correlations between personality factors and age. Conclusion: the examination of personality features correlated with markers of dermatoglyphic and body constitution helped to identify the predictors of risks for developing paranoid schizophrenia. This makes it possible the identification of at-risk groups with their monitoring and focusing on preventive programs

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DYNAMICS OF THE ANXIETY DISORDERS IN THE COURSE OF SHORT-TERM PSYCHOTHERAPY

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №2 Pages: 141-143
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Short message
Authors: A.V. Vasilyeva, S. V. Poltorak, T.N. Hmylova
Organization: Saint-Petersburg State Psychoneurological University, St. Petersburg State Medical Academy named after I.I. Mechnikov
Summary:

The tendency of psychotherapy modern concepts referring to the short-term forms having been taken into account, we carried out the research aimed at the study of short-term form personality-oriented psychotherapy effect on the anxiety disorder dynamics. 103 patients with neurotic disorders were examined in the neurosis and psychotherapy department of the Bekhterev Psychoneurological Research Institute. The findings revealed the situational and personal anxiety level to be objectively decreased in the short-term group psychotherapy course.
The short-term group psychotherapy was proved to bean effective method in anxiety disorders treatment considering indications and limitations.

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FEATURES OF LIPID PEROXIDATION AND NEUROTROPHIC REGULATION IN PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №3 Pages: 81-83
Heading: Psychiatry Article type: Original article
Authors: E.V. Kolesnichenko, V.B. Vilyanov
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article deals with the features of lipid peroxidation, activity of the antioxidative systems and level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in patients with paranoid schizophrenia. Present study indicates associations between the studied parameters and type of progression, duration of disease and gender of patients.

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