Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Tambov State University n. a. G.R. Derzhavin

Analysis of incidence of eye and adnexa diseases in the Central Black Earth region

Year: 2018, volume 14 Issue: №4 Pages: 670-676
Heading: Ophtalmology Article type: Original article
Authors: Osmanov RE, Zhabina UV, Manyakov RR, Osmanov EM.
Organization: S. Fedorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Tambov State University n. a. G.R. Derzhavin
Summary:

The purpose is to study the dynamics of general and primary incidence of eye diseases and accessory apparatus among the population of the Central Black Earth region for the period 2008-2017, in comparison with similar indicators in the Russian Federation. Material and Methods. The article presents the data on the dynamics of general and primary incidence of eye diseases as a whole, as well as myopia and cataracts in comparison with Russia and the five regions of the Central Black Earth region (Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Lipetsk, Tambov) from 2008 till 2017 Results. A comparative analysis of morbidity indicators allowed us to identify regions that are unfavorable for ocular morbidity in general and for cataracts and myopia in particular. Conclusion. The total incidence of eye diseases among the population of Russia in 2008 accounted 10994,0±2,6 cases, over ten years there was a decrease to 10370,9±2,5 cases per 100000 persons. The primary incidence rate of eye diseases among the population of Russia in 2008 accounted 3422±1,5 cases, over a ten-year period there was a decrease to 3161,1±1,4 cases per 100000 persons. Among the regions of the Central Black Earth region in the Belgorod region, the indicators studied are higher than the average in Russia. The incidence of eye diseases, in particular, cataracts and myopia tends to decrease. However, its level remains significantly high, which requires the improvement of organization of eye care and the development of measures aimed at preventing the development of eye pathology.

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Medical and social aspects of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy.

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 453-457
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Velichko Р.В., Osmanov Е.М., Manyakov R.R.
Organization: "Eye Microsurgery" n.a. academician S. N. Fedorov, Volgograd branch, Tambov State University n. a. G.R. Derzhavin
Summary:

The aim of the article: to study the medical and social aspects of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy at the regional level. Material and Methods. The prevalence, structure and dynamics of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy (DR) were analyzed among the population of the Tambov region for a seven-year period from 2010 to 2016 based on statistical compendiums on the main indicators of health facilities and the health of the population of the Tambov region (2010-2016) Russian statistical yearbooks (2010-2016), data from the regional State register of patients with diabetes. Results. In 2016 in the Tambov region, the prevalence of DR in type 1 diabetes is 53.2%, with type 2 diabetes 31.2%, significantly higher than all-Russian indicators, which were registered at 27.2% in patients with type 1 diabetes and 13.0% of patients with type 2 diabetes. Conclusion. The results of the comparative analysis of the level and structure of diabetes and DR indicate a negative trend among the population of the Tambov region, which dictates the need to develop effective and inexpensive methods for preventing the development and progression of DRs and making management decisions based on them.

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Application of external fixation devices for fractures of the femur in modern practice

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 645-648
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Ямщиков О.Н., Марков Д.А., Емельянов С.А.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University, Tambov State University n. a. G.R. Derzhavin
Summary:

Diaphyseal fractures of the femur are rather common. In the treatment of fractures of the femur various methods of osteosynthesis can be used: intramedullary, of plate, transosseus. In our country external fixation using external fixation devices has traditionally been popular. Objective. The analysis of the frequency of use of transosseous osteosynthesis in the treatment of fractures of the femur and the identification of the most common indications for the use of the method in the present practice. Materials and Methods. The analysis of the structure of external fixation in fractures of the femur, on the experience of treatment of 126 patients with diaphyseal fractures of the femur. Results. The results of the study revealed that the structure of the osteosynthesis of fractures of the femur transosseous osteosynthesis with the use of external fixation devices is not considered to be common and is used as an alternative method of treatment. Conclusion. The treatment of fractures of the femur using transosseous osteosynthesis is currently used mostly for open, comminuted fractures and revision osteosynthesis, as well as a high risk of infectious complications in the zone of fracture, due to complexity of the method, the lowest strength of fixation and a relatively high percentage of non-specific complications.

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