Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

dysplastic coxarthrosis

Biomechanical criteria of orthopedic status of patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis (Crowe) IV before and after treatment

Year: 2017, volume 13 Issue: №3 Pages: 520-526
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Yusupov K.S., Barabash Yu.A., Pavlenko N.N., Romakina N.A., Anisimova E.A., Letov A.S., Sertakova A.V., Anisimov D.l.
Organization: Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology Orthopedics and Neurosurgery of Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky
Summary:

The aim: to analyze locomotor function of lower limbs in patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis Crowe IV type before and after single-step hip joint endoprosthesis and femoral bone osteotomy conducted by our own technology. Material and Methods. 42 patients with one-side dysplastic coxarthrosis Crowe IV type were examined and operated. The mean age at the time of admission in men was 47.3±1.2 years, women — 46.1 ±1.1 years. Static and kinematic function of lower limbs was evaluated with the help of stabilometrics and podometry before and one year after the operation. Results. Before treatment, the patients had deviations of static and dynamic function of locomotor system stabilometri-cally seen as instability in upright position and podographically as a compromised gait. One year postsurgically we indicated static balance between the limbs within the normal range, expanded motoring mode, which was supported by significant improvement in the biomechanical characteristics of locomotor function of the patients. Conclusion. Total hip replacement in combination with modifying osteotomy of the hip conducted by a unique technique restores static and kinematic function of lower limbs in patients with high congenital hip dislocation (dysplastic coxarthrosis Crowe type IV) which is proved by stabilographic and podographic indices one year after operation.

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Morphometric justification of algorithm of the choice of method of surgical treatment of dysplastic coxarthrosis

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №2 Pages: 182-186
Heading: Traumatology and Orthopedics Article type: Original article
Authors: Norkin I.A., Anisimova Е.А., Voskresensky O.Yu., Yusupov K.S., Anisimov D.l., Letov A.S., Popryga D.V., Popov A.N.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Purpose: to define regularities of variability of bone structures of a hip joint depending on type of dysplastic coxarthrosis and to develop tactics of total endoprosthesis replacement. Objects of research. 106 patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis of varying severity, passing treatment on the basis of Federal State Budget Institution of Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics from 2005 to 2014 applying methods X, KT-, MRT-metry variation and statistical methods. Results: According to anatomic features of a hip joint at dysplastic coxarthrosis of various types algorithms of choice of acetabularand femoral components of endoprosthesis, and also tactics of total endoprosthesis replacement in groups of research are developed. Conclusion. The choice of a standard size of an endoprosthesis of a hip joint needs to be carried out taking into account X-ray anatomic features of a hip joint and degree of expressiveness of the dysplastic changes. At dysplastic coxarthrosis of the l-ll types it is necessary to carry out standard total endoprosthesis replacement; at coxarthrosis of the III type —total endoprosthesis replacement in combination with plasticity of a roof of acetabular hollow; at coxarthrosis of the IV type — total endoprosthesis replacement in a combination from the shortening femur osteotomy.

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Morphology of bone structures of hip joint in normal state and in dysplastic coxarthrosis

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №3 Pages: 373-377
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Review
Authors: Anisimova Е.А., Yusupov K.S., Anisimov D.I.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The review of literature concerns the questions of development, structure, function, blood supply and innervation of structures of hip joint. The characteristics of changes of these structures in dysplastic coxarthrosis of various degree of expressiveness has been presented. Radiological and biomechanical features of hip joint have been described in various types of dysplastic coxarthrosis.

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