Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Belyaeva N.A.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I Razumovsky Department of Hospital Pediatrics and Neonatology Attending Physician

A rare medical case in neonatal practice: congenital malformation and spontaneous rupture of the stomach wall

Year: 2015, volume 11 Issue: №2 Pages: 164-167
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Case report
Authors: Chernenkov Yu.V., Lavrova D.B., Panina O.S., Prokopenko L.E., Larshina E.P., Shikhanova S.V., Belyaeva N.A.
Organization: Perinatal Centre, Saratov , Saratov Clinical Hospital № 8, Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Congenital malformation is one of the most common causes of infant mortality. The Russian Healthcare Ministry has approved a wide range of measures to decrease the number of babies born with malformations. Due to the measures taken, prenatal diagnostics of such malformations as cardiac malformation, nervous system malformation, various space occupying lesions has become more effective. However, there is a number of malformations hardly detected until the birth. This problem also concerns some abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract. One of such malformations "silent" during prenatal diagnostics is, particularly, focal aplasia of the stomach muscular layer. This work deals with the case of such malformation observed in a newborn baby.

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Results of longterm follow-up of children with low birth weight

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №4 Pages: 691-693
Heading: Proceedings of all-Russia week of science with international participants Article type: Original article
Authors: Panina O.S., Chemenkov Yu.V., Lavrova D.B., Belyaeva N.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of our research is a long-term follow up study of children with low birth weight. Materials and methods. 115 premature children from 0 to 7 years old took part in the research process. The children gestational age was 30-35 weeks and their birth weight was less than 2500 g. All children had thorough clinical and laboratory, instrumental and psychological examination up to the age of seven. Their parents took part in questionnaire survey. Results. Development of all aspects of mentality is retarded and such retardation can be observed in the first months of life as slow learning of new things and peculiarities of psychological interrelations with the world around in the form of negative response to the influence of sensory stimuli, behavioral disorders and difficulties in social adaptation. Conclusion. Children with low birth weight are included into the high-risk group of disabling abnormalities and persistent non-disabling disorders. These children need early comprehensive rehabilitation and, at the same time, extremely careful prognosis of their further development.

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Evaluation of knowledge of breastfeeding mothers before and after the maternity school

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №1 Pages: 108-110
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Belyaeva N.A., Panina O.S., Chernenkov Yu.V.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to evaluate the level of knowledge of surveyed women about breastfeeding before and after the maternity school. Material and methods. The anonymous survey of 300 women on breastfeeding has been conducted. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: theoretical and practical. The questionnaire has been filled in on the 3d day after the childbirth (before the maternity course). On the 4th day after the childbirth mothers have been provided with the main issues on breastfeeding and practical recommendations. Results. The questionnaire survey has showed the low level of knowledge of mothers about breastfeeding before the maternity school. The level of knowledge after the school has increased in 2.5 times. The knowledge in practical aspects has increased in 5.2 times. Conclusion. The courses on breastfeeding contribute to the educational status of mothers concerning the questions of correct lactation dominant.

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